Representativeness of the social partners in the European cross-industry social dialogue

  • National Contribution:

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Representativeness,
  • Social partners,
  • Social dialogue,
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Industrial relations,
  • Date of Publication: 18 Март 2014



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This study aims to provide an overview of European social partners at the cross-industry level. In common with all the studies in the representativeness study series, it adopts both a bottom-up and a top-down approach. It therefore includes all social partner organisations which are involved in cross-industry industrial relations within each country, including those engaged in collective bargaining, as well as those which take part in consultations on economic and social policies. At the same time, it covers all member organisations of the relevant EU-level social partner organisations which are currently involved in EU cross-industry social dialogue. These include, BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME and CEEP on the employer side and ETUC, EUROCADRES and CEC on the employee side. In terms of countries, the study covers all 28 EU Member States.

The study was compiled on the basis of individual national reports submitted by the EIRO correspondents. The text of each of these national reports is available below. The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire and should be read in conjunction with it.

Download the full report (3660KB PDF)
See also the executive summary

National contributions may be available


General aim and conceptual remarks

The aim of this EIRO representativeness study is to identify the relevant cross-industry national and European actors in the field of cross-industry industrial relations. The impetus of the series of representativeness studies arises from the goal of the European Commission to find, recognise and assess the representative European associations to be consulted under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Hence, this study is devised to provide basic information needed to support European social dialogue at cross-industry level.

Definition of cross-industry activities and associations

The scope of the study in terms of activities is the entire national economy, including both private and public sectors. The scope of the study in terms of actors is all cross-industry national and European associations on the two sides of industry.

Methodology

Representativeness studies have to address two main tasks. The first one is to identify the relevant national associations on both sides of industry. The second one is to analyse the relevant European associations of the two sides of industry. For this purpose, a combined approach is used for screening the relevant interest associations.

  • Bottom-up screening: this starts with reference to the cross-industry national associations involved in cross-industry collective bargaining and/or direct bipartite or tripartite consultations, and then proceeds to the collection of data on their affiliation to any European associations.
  • Top-down screening: this starts with reference to the current relevant cross-industry European interest associations and then looks at their affiliated members at national level. In the top-down approach, it should be stressed that the analysis focuses only on affiliates in the 28 Member States of the European Union. Members and affiliated associations in other countries are not considered in this study. Moreover, only social partner organisations are taken into consideration; other kinds of member associations with no role in industrial relations and individual enterprises are not covered by the present representativeness study, although they are important national affiliates of some of the relevant cross-industry EU-level organisations included here. It is also worth noting that the membership figures included in this study should be considered as a minimum for the EU-level social partner organisations, since data on membership of some of their national affiliates were not available at the time of compiling this overview report.

Since this study aims to investigate the representativeness of the social partners, the collection of quantitative data is essential. Needless to say, it is often difficult to find quantitative data on such issues as membership or collective bargaining coverage. If precise data are not available, estimates may be used which have been collected through the network of EIRO national centres. In many cases, where no official source is present, membership data and density rates are self-reported by the relevant national level organisations included in the study.

Patterns of domains with regard to the national economy

In the case of cross-industry industrial relations, there are only two conceivable patterns of representational domains of trade union confederations and employers’ associations with regard to the entire national economy:

  • Congruence: the domain is all-encompassing and thus identical with the national economy;
  • Sectionalism: the domain covers only part of the national economy.

If this distinction is valid in theory, it must be said that, when considering the whole economy, all representational domains tend to be sectional in practice for employers’ associations, since the private and the public sectors usually remain separate with distinct actors on the employer side. Such separation is linked notably to the peculiarities which often characterise employment within public administrations. The function and representation of public employers can be taken up directly by political authorities, special agencies or associations. This is also true if public employees are covered by collective bargaining rather than legislative provisions introduced unilaterally by the political authorities, as in the traditional model of public service organisations.

As a consequence, the two patterns of representational domains are of little relevance for employers’ associations in the context of the present study. It should be stressed, however, that the separation of the representation structures for public and private sectors involves essentially public administrations. It does not involve publicly owned enterprises or semi-state enterprises which operate in commercial or liberalised activities (as is often the case for many ‘general interest’ services) which may indeed be members of private sector employers’ associations.

Due to this situation, the comprehensiveness of the representational domains of employers’ associations – which remains an important dimension – will be measured in the present study by contrasting domains which encompass the whole of either the private or the public sector, as opposed to those which comprise only part of them.

Conversely, the distinction between ‘congruence’ and ‘sectionalism’ maintains its relevance for trade union organisations, many of which bring together unions active in both the private and the public sectors.

As a consequence, in the case of trade unions, ‘congruent’ all-encompassing domains will be distinguished from ‘sectional’ ones; in the case of employers’ associations, the distinction will be between ‘encompassing’ and ‘sectional’ domains. Encompassing domains cover the whole of either the private sector or the public sector, and the sectional domains refer to sections of these two broad sectors.

Relevant interest associations

For representativeness studies, a European association is a relevant cross-industry interest organisation if:

  • it is on the Commission’s list of interest organisations to be consulted in matters of cross-industry social dialogue under Article 154 of the TFEU;
  • and/or it participates in the cross-industry European social dialogue;
  • and/or it has requested to be consulted under Article 154 of the TFEU.

A national association is a relevant cross-industry national interest organisation if it meets the following criteria:

  • The association is
  • either regularly directly or indirectly (through its member organisations) involved in cross-industry collective bargaining (or employment regulation) or directly involved in bipartite/tripartite consultations on cross-industry labour market and industrial relations issues (bottom-up screening);
  • and/or affiliated to a relevant European interest association (top-down screening);
  • The association’s domain relates to
  • either more than one sector of the economy (at least two sections under the NACE Rev.2 classification system – that is one-digit sectors), thus including associations with a general membership domain;
  • or a group of enterprises or organisations (such as small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), cooperatives and public-owned enterprises) across the economy, in the case of employers’ organisations, or a category of employees (such as white-collar workers, blue-collar workers or academics) across the economy, in the case of trade union confederations.

In general, such associations will also be peak-level organisations and thus formally independent, in that they are not subordinate members of another organisation at national level. There may be cases where a plurality of social partner organisations participate in cross-industry industrial relations and are actually cross-industry associations, according to the two criteria illustrated above. In these cases, to provide an accurate picture of the national representational landscape, even organisations which are members of higher-level associations will be included.

This happens, for instance, for the employers’ organisations in Romania which actively participate in cross-industry tripartite consultations and are members of the Alliance of Romanian Employers’ Confederations (ACPR). If inclusion in the study was limited to peak-level organisations, only the ACPR would have been mentioned in the present study.

It should be clear that ‘national’ relevant interest associations do not need to cover the entire national territory. There might in fact exist national peak associations which organise only some parts of the national territory, such as particular regions or territories, as in the case of the Basque trade union ELA-STV or the Belgian non-profit sector employers’ association UNIPSO which organises members in Wallonia and in the French- and German-speaking communities. Similarly, cross-industry collective bargaining/employment regulation need not cover the whole national territory and may concern only certain regions or territories.

In this study, ‘collective employment regulation’ refers to the situation whereby trade union confederations, when formally excluded from the right to collective bargaining in a genuine sense in certain areas of the economy (mostly public administration or part of it), may nevertheless exert a significant influence over the regulation of employment terms through a recurrent practice of either de facto negotiations or consultations.

In practice, this study subsumes genuine collective bargaining, de facto negotiations and consultations under collective employment regulation. Any national peak-level or cross-industry trade unions and employers’ associations involved in cross-industry collective employment regulation are thus part of this study.

National level of interest representation

The national level analysis of interest representation will focus on:

  • membership of organisations;
  • their role in cross-industry collective bargaining/employment regulation;
  • their role in public policy-making through involvement in bipartite or tripartite consultations on cross-industry labour market and industrial relations issues.

The membership and relative strength of the various organisations covered by this study will be identified according to the following indicators, which were collected through the EIRO network of correspondents:

Table 1: Definitions of membership

Type of organisation

Membership

Density

Trade union

Number of active members in employment

Density: Number of active members in employment divided by total employment

Employers’ organisation

Number of member enterprises

Number of employees working in member enterprises

Associational density (enterprises): number of member enterprises divided by the total number of enterprises in the economy

Associational density (employees): number of employees working in member enterprises divided by the total number of employees in the economy

This study will concentrate on membership figures in order to provide indications of the relative representativeness of the various organisations included in the study. Density figures of individual organisations are presented in the national reports, when available.


European cross-industry social dialogue

Social dialogue is a key element in the action of the European Union in the fields of social policy and industrial relations, as the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides that ‘The Union recognises and promotes the role of the social partners’ and it ‘shall facilitate dialogue between the social partners, respecting their autonomy’ (Article 152). In particular, Articles 154 and 155 TFEU introduce a procedure which establishes the involvement of ‘management and labour’ organised at European level in the process of devising new pieces of European legislation.

Article 154(2) indicates that ‘before submitting proposals in the social policy field, the Commission shall consult management and labour on the possible direction of Union action’. Following such consultation, the Commission decides whether further action is advisable and, if so, it consults with management and labour on the specific content of the proposal.

On their side, European-level representatives of management and labour shall submit to the Commission an opinion or a recommendation concerning the content of the proposal. Alternatively, the social partners ‘may inform the Commission of their wish to initiate the process provided for in Article 155’: that is, they may enter into contractual relations and conclude an agreement on the content of the proposal.

Should dialogue between the representatives of management and labour at European-level lead to an agreement, they can opt for implementation ‘either in accordance with the procedures and practices specific to management and labour and the Member States or, in matters covered by Article 153, at the joint request of the signatory parties, by a Council decision on a proposal from the Commission’. If the social partners do not reach an agreement, the Commission maintains the possibility to carry on the initiative through the ordinary legislative procedure.

Article 155 also recognises the joint actions of the European social partners independently of the initiative of the Commission, so that they can develop bipartite autonomous social dialogue and conclude agreements.

Representativeness criteria

Due to the importance that social dialogue can play at European level, as illustrated above, the issue of the identification of the relevant social partner organisations which shall be consulted and may act autonomously according to Articles 154 and 155, at both cross-industry and sectoral levels, is crucial. The European Commission has addressed this issue, notably in its Communication concerning the application of the Agreement on Social Policy (1.1 MB PDF) (COM (93) 600 final, Brussels, 14 December 1993) which identifies a set of criteria to assess the representativeness of social partner organisations. In particular, organisations should:

  • be cross-industry or relate to specific sectors or categories and be organised at European level;
  • consist of organisations which are themselves an integral and recognised part of Member State social partner structures and with the capacity to negotiate agreements, and which are representative of all Member states, as far as possible;
  • have adequate structures to ensure their effective participation in the consultation process.

The Commission maintains and regularly updates a List of European social partners’ organisations consulted under Article 154 TFEU (169 KB PDF) which comply with these criteria. The latest version of this list, dated November 2013, includes 88 organisations which are divided into five groups:

  • general cross-industry organisations (BUSINESSEUROPE, CEEP, ETUC);
  • cross-industry organisations representing certain categories of workers or undertakings (CEC, EUROCADRES, UEAPME);
  • specific organisations (Eurochambres);
  • sectoral organisations representing employers (65 organisations); and
  • sectoral European trade union organisations (16 organisations).

The present representativeness study covers social partners involved in European social dialogue at cross-industry level. According to the list presented above, the cross-industry bipartite European social dialogue takes place between the ‘general cross-industry organisations’ (CEEP, ETUC, BUSINESSEUROPE) and the ‘cross-industry organisations representing certain categories of workers or undertakings’ (EUROCADRES, UEAPME, CEC). In particular, EUROCADRES and CEC ‘participate in this dialogue as part of the ETUC delegation’ (see the European Commission’s web page on cross-industry social dialogue) and UEAPME is integrated in the cross-industry bipartite European social dialogue as a result of a cooperation agreement with BUSINESSEUROPE. These six organisations are the relevant EU-level social partners who have been considered in the ‘top-down screening’.

Relevant EU-level social partner organisations

BUSINESSEUROPE organises national cross-industry employer confederations and represents companies of all sizes – small, medium and large (source: BUSINESSEUROPE website). Members include both employer and business associations.

CEEP (European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public services) organises and represents both associations and enterprises and notably ‘enterprises and employers’ organisations with public participation and enterprises carrying out activities of general economic interest, whatever their legal ownership or status’ (CEEP website). CEEP is organised in national sections, which cover both associations and enterprises (see Annex Table H1 for the complete list of members). CEEP also has a number of European associations among its members. Since the representativeness studies take into consideration only associations and not individual enterprises, this overview includes only CEEP’s member employers’ associations at national level. Member enterprises, which are often quite important national employers, have been excluded, since they do not usually participate in cross-industry industrial relations, which is the focus of the present analysis. However, if some of the member enterprises participate in national-level cross-industry industrial relations (either in collective bargaining or in consultations), this will be noted in the text and/or in the appropriate tables.

UEAPME (the European Association of Craft, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) organises ‘national, cross-sectoral organisations representing craft activities and/or SME businesses in the different sectors of the economy within the European Union’ (UEAPME website). UEAPME includes a number of European sectoral organisations among its associated members.

The members of the ETUC (European Trade Union Confederation) include national trade union confederations, which will be considered in this representativeness study, as well as European trade union federations. ETUC represent workers in all sectors of the economy (source: ETUC website).

EUROCADRES (Council of European Professional and Managerial staff) represents ‘employees holding professional or managerial positions […] in all sectors of business, in industry as well as in the civil and public services’ (EUROCADRES website); it is a cross-industry social partner and is affiliated with ETUC. This means that a significant overlap between the two organisations should be expected. This is rather uncommon since, usually, organisations covered by representativeness studies tend to be alternatives in the respective representational domain and it is difficult to find multiple affiliations. Indeed, the formal members of EUROCADRES are mostly national confederations. Only a small number of sectoral member organisations are affiliated to the European industry federations, which are members of EUROCADRES rather than to ETUC. However, this second type of trade union is not covered by this study since they are not cross-industry organisations. As a consequence, within the remit of this study, EUROCADRES shares the same members as ETUC. The only exceptions are those national confederations which are not active within EUROCADRES since they do not organise professional and managerial workers. Among its active members, EUROCADRES includes a number of national federations of professional and managerial workers which cannot be considered in this report because they are not party to cross-industry industrial relations. However, a list of these federations is provided in the Annex (Table G1). To give some indication of the number of professional and managerial staff represented by the members of EUROCADRES, the same table includes membership data for professional and managerial staff provided by affiliated organisations for the 2013 Congress of EUROCADRES.

CEC (European Confederation of Managers) is made up of national and European sectoral federations and represents managers (source: CEC website).

As mentioned in the explanation of the methodology of this representativeness study, in the top-down approach we are considering members and affiliated associations in the 28 Member States of the European Union only. Therefore all figures and tables included in the study exclusively refer to EU28 countries. Since all the six relevant EU-level organisations included in this study have members outside the European Union, it should be clear that we are focusing on a particular section of their membership. There are two other reasons for considering only part of the membership and affiliated association of the relevant EU-level organisations.

First, for the purpose of this representativeness study, only national associations are covered and sectoral organisations remain outside the scope of the analysis, although they are present in the cases of CEEP, UEAPME, CEC, ETUC and EUROCADRES.

Secondly, the study focuses on employers’ associations and peak level organisations of labour and management and therefore excludes individual enterprises (as already explained for CEEP) and other kinds of affiliated organisations, such as interest associations with no role in industrial relations. This refers, for instance, to the German BDI, which is a member of BUSINESSEUROPE, but it is not active in industrial relations.

Complete membership details for the six relevant EU-level social partner organisations considered in the ‘top-down screening’ can be found on their individual websites, at the links indicated above.

Finally, a couple of remarks should be stated at this point. First, in the bottom-up approach, where a plurality of social partner organisations participate in cross-industry industrial relations, cross-sector organisations that are members of higher-level associations will be included in order to provide an accurate picture of the national representational landscape.

Secondly, since EU-level associations can also organise or be affiliated to European sectoral federations (as in the cases of CEEP, UEAPME, CEC, EUROCADRES and ETUC), when national associations are members of both the European cross-industry organisations and European sectoral federations, only the former will be considered in the summary tables included in the main text. However, the complete list of affiliations will appear in the detailed tables in the Annex. If national organisations are only members of the European sectoral federations affiliated to the cross-industry associations, membership will be considered as ‘indirect’ and this will be indicated in the summary tables included in the main text.

Outcomes of the European cross-industry social dialogue

European social dialogue at cross-industry level takes place within the Social Dialogue Committee. Established in 1992, the committee:

  • is ‘the main body for bipartite social dialogue at European level’;
  • meets three to four times a year to discuss employer/worker views on various topics, adopt texts negotiated by both parties and plan future initiatives;
  • consists of maximum 64 representatives of the social partners, equally divided between the employers’ and the workers’ representative organisations, and including the EU Secretariats of the cross-industry social partners and representatives from the national member organisations on each side;
  • can set up technical working groups to discuss various issues such as labour market challenges and the reconciliation of working and family life;
  • adopts and follows up the results of negotiations between employers’ and workers’ representative bodies;
  • takes part in social dialogue summits – high-level meetings chaired by the President of the Commission.

The social dialogue texts database maintained by the European Commission contains more than 70 texts produced by cross-industry dialogue. Among the intersectoral agreements, which were either transposed through directives or through the autonomous route, a few specific examples can be mentioned:


National cross-industry industrial relations

In the bottom-up approach, it is important to consider which national organisations take part in cross-industry industrial relations within each country covered by this study. In fact, as indicated in the previous section, the representativeness of European-level organisations will depend on the fact that they ‘consist of organisations which are themselves an integral and recognised part of Member State social partner structures and with the capacity to negotiate agreements’. As a consequence, the higher the number of national organisations engaged in national cross-industry industrial relations that are members of EU-level social partners, the higher will be the representativeness of those social partners.

Industrial relations at cross-industry level essentially involves two types of relationship between the social partners and the political authorities, as it is possible to distinguish between contractual relations and agreements on the one hand, and consultations over the introduction of social and economic policies on the other. Alternatively, agreements and consultations can also take place in bipartite or tripartite settings, and consultations can be carried out on an ad hoc or regular basis.

Contractual relations and agreements

The analysis of the national reports shows that cross-industry contractual relations are present, in different forms, in 18 countries out of the 28 (see Annex, Table 2 and Tables D1 and D2). Indeed, the main level of collective bargaining in the European Union is at industry (sectoral) level (Annex, Table F1). However, there are increasing signs of a progressive decentralisation, with a growing emphasis on the definition of important elements of employment and work relationships through decentralised bargaining, particularly at company-level.

It should be pointed out that intersectoral agreements could be quite common, if we opt for a narrow definition of NACE sections (for instance, at two digits), since the demarcation of collective agreements rarely corresponds to specific two-digit NACE codes. As a consequence, in this study, our definition of cross-industry industrial relations includes intersectoral agreements which cover macro-sectors, such as the whole private economy or public administrations, while economy-wide agreements are considered to be only those which cover both private and public sectors.

Economy-wide agreements are the exception, as substantive employment matters are usually regulated separately for private and public sectors, since the representation system of public administrations tends to remain distinct even when collective bargaining takes place. Only general regulatory or ‘normative’ agreements that put in place general rules may, in some cases, cover the whole economy.

The analysis of the national reports shows that only in Belgium and Finland do ‘framework collective agreements’ encompass the whole of the private economy and set a number of constraints and guidelines for lower-level industry-wide agreements. More common are agreements on minimum wages, present in Bulgaria, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia and Slovenia. However, these agreements present a different degree of general effectiveness since, in some circumstances, the government remains responsible for the final implementation of minimum wages. The social partners only agree on recommendations which are presented to the political authority.

In the public sector, intersectoral agreements on economic matters are more widespread, although they may in fact cover subgroups of administrations such as central government or local and regional authorities, or special categories of public workers as they do in Denmark (graduate workers) and Estonia (cultural workers). Agreements covering the entire public sector and its various sections can be found in Croatia, Ireland, Malta, Slovenia, and Spain.

General normative agreements can be found in a relatively small set of countries which seem to rely on a diffuse form of social concertation to address issues of general relevance. It is worth repeating that this study refers only to agreements, rather than joint positions or recommendations, which could in fact be common in a broader set of EU countries.

In Austria, such regulatory agreements, while rare, do exist. For instance, they set out the implementation of the reduction of the working week to 40 hours in 1969, and in 1978 detailed the calculation of holidays after the Holiday Act came into force.

In Luxembourg, cross-industry agreements can define specific rules on employment relations or the transposition of European directives; they can also cover the implementation of European voluntary agreements. Examples include the framework agreement on an inclusive labour market (February 2012), the agreement on telework (July 2011), and the agreement on harassment and violence at work (June 2009).

In Italy, France and Spain, intersectoral regulatory agreements seem more common and even in recent years they have covered issues such as employment, competitiveness and industrial relations. It is important to stress that these agreements are generally made in the private sector. They are bilateral and are not of the same kind as ‘social pacts’ which characterised the experience of many EU countries in the 1990s, but which have become less common lately.

In the public sector, only in Italy was an agreement signed on the system of industrial relations and collective bargaining. Conversely, economy-wide agreements require by definition the involvement of the government and can correspond either to general agreements on industrial relations, where the government acts as the public sector employer (as in the case of Italy’s January 2009 agreement on the reform of the bargaining system) or to social partnership agreements, where the government gives its political backing (as with Latvia’s 2004 tripartite agreement on socio-economic partnership).

Table 2: Cross-industry collective bargaining – coverage and topics, EU28 (2013)
 

Private sector

Public sector

Economy-wide

Economic

-Minimum conditions and general guidelines (BE, FI)

-Minimum wages (BG*, EE, HU, LV*, SI)

-Wage increases (FI, EL)

-SMEs (SI)

-Public sector (ES, HR, IE, MT, SI)

-State Administration (DE, DK)

-Local and Regional Governments (DE, DK)

-Occupational groups (DK, EE)

 

Normative

-Employment (AT, ES, FR, EL, LU, IT)

-Working time (AT)

-Competitiveness (ES, FR, IT, LV)

-Industrial relations and collective bargaining (ES, IT)

-Industrial relations and collective bargaining (IT)

-Industrial relations and collective bargaining (IT)

-Social Partnership (LV)

* The government is responsible for the final decision and implementation of the minimum wage.

Source: EIRO (2013)

Consultation on social and economic policies

The second dimension of cross-industry industrial relations, consultation on social policies, is far more common. It involves almost all countries covered by this study, even if we consider only formal and institutionalised consultation settings embodied in bipartite or tripartite structures (Annex, Table 3 and Table E1). In this analysis, social partner representation is not considered in a number of bodies responsible for running public services or within pension and insurance funds, although it is quite important. The study aims to identify the national social partner organisations which are involved in policy consultations, rather than those which have been assigned a formal ‘guarantee’ and supervisory role in certain services or elements of the public administration.

Even with the adoption of this stricter definition of formal consultations, the only exceptions are Austria and Sweden, where consultations are regular but informal and bilateral, and Estonia, where bilateral talks are held between the government and the social partners on cross-industry issues on an ad hoc basis.

The systems of consultation are quite different across countries, but tripartite forums largely prevail. Bipartite bodies are the only reference for consultations in Belgium and Slovenia. Another notable example of a bipartite body which has a key position in the national industrial relations system is the Labour Foundation in the Netherlands. Other bipartite bodies have a consultative and quite general social representation role in Greece (the Economic and Social Council of Greece, OKE) and Italy (the National Council for Economic Affairs and Labour, Cnel, which includes civil society representation). Table 3 shows that single cross-industry consultative bodies are present in seven countries (Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Portugal and Slovakia). In nine countries, the system is rather complex because it involves at least four specialised bodies (Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece and Spain).

Table 3: Cross-industry consultations on public policies – main formal tripartite and bipartite bodies, EU28 (2013)

Country

No. of bodies

Bipartite

Tripartite

AT

0

-

-

BE

4

4

0

BG

6

0

6

CY

5

0

5

CZ

4

0

4

DE

2

0

2

DK

4

0

4

EE

0

-

-

ES

4

0

4

FI

4

0

4

FR

5

0

5

EL

4

1

3

HR

3

0

3

HU

2

0

2

IE

1

0

1

IT

1

1

0

LT

1

0

1

LU

3

0

2

LV

1

0

1

MT

2

0

2

NL

2

1

1

PL

1

0

1

PT

1

0

1

RO

3

0

3

SE

0

-

-

SI

3

2

1

SK

1

0

1

UK

3

0

3

Total

70

9

61

Number of countries

25

5

23

Source: EIRO (2013)


National-level organisations

Following the analysis of national cross-industry industrial relations illustrated in previous section (‘bottom-up’ screening) and considering the members of EU-level organisations (‘top-down’ screening), a total of 108 trade union organisations and 134 employers’ associations have been included in the present study. This analysis was carried out according to the selection criteria discussed in the section above ‘Relevant interest associations’ on the basis of the information collected by the EIRO national centres and the feedback received from European social partner organisations. Tables 4 and 5 present some summary indicators about such national organisations.

National cross-industry trade unions

In almost all countries it is possible to find more than one trade union organisation involved in cross-industry industrial relations. The only exceptions are Latvia and Ireland, where the Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia (LBAS) and the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) are the only trade union confederations to be part of cross-industry negotiations and consulted on cross- sector policies and issues.

The remaining countries present different levels of union pluralism. The highest numbers of trade union organisations covered by this study can be found in Italy (12), Slovenia (7), Spain (7), France and Hungary (6), and Croatia and Romania (5). Such pluralism is due to the following factors: the presence of traditional ideological cleavages between the main trade unions (in Italy and France); the process of trade union renewal in central and eastern European countries after the transition to democracy and a market economy since the 1990s (Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia and Romania); the inclusion in cross-industry negotiations of autonomous trade union confederations (Italy); and the inclusion of occupational unions (Italy) and regional unions (Spain).

Of the 108 trade unions considered in this study, 56% are economy-wide, all-encompassing organisations which cover the whole of the private and public sectors. The remaining 44% have a representational domain which is limited to some subsectors (generally the private or the public sectors), certain occupations (blue- or white-collar unions, technicians, and managers – and it should be noted that the sectional representation of professionals and managers is a constituent part of the membership of CEC), or certain regions.

Table 4: Trade unions involved in cross-industry industrial relations – collective bargaining and formal consultations, EU28 (2013)
 

Total

Economy-wide*

Sectional

MS CB

CI CB

Consultation

Tripartite bodies**

Bipartite bodies**

AT

2

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

BE

4

3

1

4

3

3

0

3

BG

2

2

0

2

0

2

2

0

CY

3

0

3

3

0

3

3

0

CZ

2

0

2

2

0

2

2

0

DE

3

1

2

3

2

3

3

0

DK

4

0

4

4

4

4

4

0

EE

2

2

0

2

2

2

0

0

ES

7

3

4

7

3

6

4

0

FI

3

0

3

3

3

3

3

0

FR

6

5

1

6

5

5

5

0

EL

4

0

4

2

1

2

2

0

HR

5

4

1

5

5

5

5

0

HU

6

2

4

6

6

6

5

0

IE

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

0

IT

12

8

4

12

11

11

0

9

LT

3

3

0

3

0

3

3

0

LU

3

2

1

3

0

3

3

0

LV

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

0

MT

3

2

1

3

1

3

3

0

NL

3

3

0

3

0

3

3

3

PL

3

3

0

3

0

3

3

0

PT

3

3

0

3

0

2

2

0

RO

5

5

0

5

0

5

5

0

SE

4

0

4

4

0

4

0

0

SI

7

5

2

7

6

7

6

0

SK

3

2

1

3

3

1

1

0

UK

4

0

4

4

1

3

1

0

Total

108

61

47

105

59

97

70

15

Notes:

MS CB = multi-sector collective bargaining; the union takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two different sectors.

CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining, the union participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining.

*All-encompassing, including both the private sector and the public sector.

**Only formal tripartite and bipartite bodies as for Table E1.

Source: EIRO (2013)

It is important to note that while many unions may not cover the whole economy, the majority engage in multi-sectoral collective bargaining (separate collective bargaining in at least two different sectors, 105 unions or 97%) and are effectively integrated in the cross-industry industrial relations systems. Some 55% of unions (59 unions) are involved in cross-industry bargaining and almost 90% (97 unions) in consultations. This is usually carried out in formal tripartite bodies (70 unions or 65%), while a minority participate in bipartite structures (15 or 14%). As mentioned above, this reflects that fact the national industrial relations systems usually rely on tripartite fora to organise formal social dialogue on social and economic policies. The remaining 12 organisations (11%) are involved in consultations in bilateral talks, generally on an ad hoc basis.

National cross-industry employers’ associations

For the 134 employers’ associations mapped in this study, as with unions, pluralism is the rule. In all countries there are at least two employers’ organisations. Italy and Romania have the highest number of employers’ organisations (15 and 14 respectively). Other countries with a relatively high number of organisations are Hungary (7), Sweden and France (6) and Belgium (5). Representation pluralism is usually linked to sectional representation, which typically includes specialised associations for the private and public sectors, for large and smaller enterprises, and for special types of firms such as crafts or cooperatives. Ideological or traditional cleavages within the same representational domain can further complicate the picture, as in the case of Italy.

While membership in the vast majority of employer associations is voluntary for employers, in the case of a few organisations membership is mandatory. The latter includes public sector organisations and some specialised agencies, as well as the system of chambers of commerce, especially for SMEs, and notably Austria with its Federal Economic Chamber (WKÖ).

Employers’ associations, even peak organisations, tend to be focused on specific interests and this often encourages relatively narrow representational domains. This is reflected in the prevalence of sectional domains, so that just around 40% of the employers’ associations included in the study have encompassing domains (covering the whole private or public sector). About 60% of the associations concentrate on sections of the production system. Despite this, involvement in multi-sector bargaining (separate collective bargaining in at least two different sectors), directly or through members, is almost universal (89% and 119 associations). Participation in cross-industry collective bargaining is also significant (34% or 45 organisations). Again, the great majority of organisations are involved in consultations about public policy concerns (90% or 120 associations), which generally takes place within tripartite bodies (57% or 76 organisations), with a direct link to the evidence about trade unions, since by definition the two sides of industry participate together in tripartite consultations and social dialogue.

Table 5: Employers’ associations involved in cross-industry industrial relations, EU28 (2013)
 

Total

Mand.

Encom.

Sect.

MS CB

CI CB

Consul.

Tripartite bodies*

Bipartite bodies*

AT

3

1

0

3

1

1

3

0

0

BE

5

0

1

4

5

1

5

0

5

BG

5

0

3

2

5

0

5

4

0

CY

2

0

2

0

2

0

2

2

0

CZ

4

0

1

3

4

0

4

2

0

DE

5

0

1

4

5

2

4

2

0

DK

5

3

0

5

4

3

5

5

0

EE

5

0

3

2

5

1

5

0

0

ES

5

0

0

5

5

3

3

3

0

FI

5

3

1

4

3

4

5

5

0

FR

6

1

1

5

5

3

6

5

0

EL

3

0

1

2

2

2

2

2

0

HR

2

1

1

1

2

0

2

1

0

HU

7

0

1

6

7

7

7

3

0

IE

3

0

1

2

1

0

2

1

0

IT

15

1

3

12

15

13

10

0

8

LT

3

0

3

0

3

0

3

3

0

LU

5

1

2

3

5

0

5

5

0

LV

2

0

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

MT

3

0

2

1

1

0

3

3

0

NL

3

0

1

2

2

0

3

2

2

PL

4

0

3

1

4

0

4

4

0

PT

4

0

2

2

3

0

2

2

0

RO

14

0

12

2

14

0

14

14

0

SE

6

1

2

4

5

0

5

0

0

SI

4

0

2

2

4

4

4

4

0

SK

2

0

2

0

2

0

2

2

0

UK

4

0

1

3

4

0

4

1

0

Total

134

12

53

81

119

45

120

76

15

Notes: Mand. = Mandatory Encom. = Encompassing membership, that is, including the whole private sector or public sector; Sect. = Sectional; MS CB = multi-sector collective bargaining; the employers’ association takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two different sectors; CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining; the employers’ association participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining; Consul. = Consultation.

*Only formal tripartite and bipartite bodies (Annex, Table E1)

Source: EIRO (2013)

Figure 1: Trade unions and employers' associations involved in cross-industry industrial relations, EU28 (2013)

Figure 1: Trade unions and employers' associations involved in cross-industry industrial relations, EU28 (2013)

Source: EIRO (2013)


EU-level organisations

Table 6 shows the general picture regarding the affiliation of the national organisations. The social Partner organisations that are currently part of the EU-level cross-industry dialogue confirm their relevance.

EU-level cross-industry trade unions

ETUC, EUROCADRES and CEC together represent almost 80% of all listed national trade union organisations. On the employee side, a certain number of organisations are affiliated to no EU-level organisations (12 unions or 11%). Other organisations not included in the current list of EU-level social partner organisations to be consulted at cross-industry level have eight affiliated national organisations (7%) in seven countries.

Table 6: National organisations by EU-level affiliation (2013)

 

ETUC

E C

CEC

O

None

NA

B. E.

UEAPME

CEEP

O

None

NA

AT

1

1

1

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

BE

3

3

1

0

0

0

1

2

2

0

0

0

BG

2

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

1

1

0

CY

2

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

CZ

1

1

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

3

0

DE

1

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

3

0

0

0

DK

3

2

1

0

0

0

1

1

3

0

0

0

EE

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

1

2

ES

4

2

1

1

0

1

1

4

0

0

0

0

FI

3

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

3

0

0

0

FR

5

5

1

0

0

0

1

3

1

1

0

0

EL

2

1

2

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

HR

2

0

0

0

3

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

HU

6

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

2

2

0

IE

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

IT

3

3

2

2

1

4

1

3

2

4

1

4

LT

3

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

LU****

2

2

0

1

0

0

1

2

0

0

1

0

LV

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

MT

3

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

NL

3

3

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

PL

3

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

1

0

PT

2

2

0

1

0

0

2

1

1

1

0

0

RO

4

2

0

1

0

0

1

1

2

0

10

0

SE

3

2

1

0

0

0

1

1

4

0

0

0

SI

2

0

1

0

4

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

SK

1

0

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

UK

2

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

1

0

Total

70*

40*

13

8**

12

5

29***

36***

29

12**

23

6

Countries

28

21

11

7

7

2

28

25

17

8

11

2

Notes:

E C = EUROCADRES; B.E. = BUSINESSEUROPE; O = Other

* All members of EUROCADRES included in this study are members of ETUC.

** Organisations affiliated exclusively to other EU-level associations.

*** BUSINESSEUROPE and UEAPME have two common members.

**** UEL is not included in this table, because it is a joint organisation of a number of employers’ associations covering the private sector including clc, Fedil, FDA and CDM, which are individually covered by this study and have different or no EU affiliations. For more details on UEL, see Annex Table C3 note, and the national report.

Source: EIRO (2013)

These features stand out more clearly if we analyse the distribution of national organisations across the social partners considered in this study.

As indicated in Table 7, ETUC is by far the peak level trade union organisation which associates more national organisations (70 out of 108, or 65%) with comprehensive representational domains (48 out of 61, or 79%) and those which are more prominent in national cross-industry industrial relations (38 out of 59 in collective bargaining – 64% – and 68 out of 97 in consultations – 70%).

EUROCADRES’ member associations, as mentioned above, are a subsection of ETUC’s members and therefore are often all-encompassing unions.

CEC, which is independent of ETUC although it participates in cross-industry social dialogue within the ETUC delegation, presents only sectional representational domains.

Data on trade union membership is available for three-quarters of the surveyed organisations (83 out of 108). Some 36.2 million active workers are affiliated to the unions included in this study for which membership data were available.

According to this data, at least 32.4 million workers are members of ETUC through its national affiliates in the EU28 (data on 59 national trade union organisations out of 70 affiliates). This corresponds to almost 90% of the overall membership included in this study.

EUROCADRES has similarly high membership because its members are a subsection of the same trade union confederations affiliated to ETUC. Member organisations of CEC have at least 600,000 affiliated workers (data for nine cases out of 13) or 2% of the overall membership.

Other European organisations not included in the study give total membership figures of 1.8 million (5% of the total). This figure refers essentially to CESI, but its membership is concentrated in two of the three organisations for which data are available (of the seven surveyed in this study) in Italy (Confsal) and Romania (CSN Meridian).

As a general indication of professional and managerial staff membership in EUROCADRES’ affiliated trade unions, self-reported data provided for the 2013 Congress indicate a total of some 4.1 million workers (Annex, Table G.1).

National organisations affiliated to the EU relevant social partners are in some cases also affiliated to other European associations, usually of a regional character such as the Council of Nordic Trade Unions (NFS), the Baltic Sea Trade Union Network (BASTUN), and the Baltic Trade Union Council (BTUC). This involves ETUC affiliates in eleven cases.

Table 7: National trade unions – main features and affiliation to EU-level organisations, EU28 (2013)
 

Total

Economy-wide*

Sect.

MS CB

CI CB

Cons.

Tri.

Bi.

% Memb.

N

ETUC

70**

48

22

70

38

68

54

9

89.5

59

EURO

CADRES

40

31

9

40

23

39

30

9

73.1

33

CEC

13

0

13

10

3

8

3

1

1.6

9

Other

8

4

4

8

5

6

3

1

4.9

4

None

12

7

5

12

9

11

9

1

3.8

10

Not available

5

2

3

5

4

4

1

3

0.2

1

Total

108

61

47

105

59

97

70

15

100.0

83

Notes: Sect. = Sectional; MS CB = multi-sector collective bargaining, the union takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two different sectors; CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining, the union participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining; Cons. = Consultation; Tri. = Tripartite; Bi = Bipartite; % Memb. = % of total members as for data collected for this study; N = number of cases included in the calculation of membership

*All-encompassing, that is including both the private sector and the public sector

** Including two indirect members: PERGAM in Slovenia, through UNI Europa and IndustriALL, and NIC ICTU in Northern Ireland, through ICTU

Source: EIRO (2013)

EU-level cross-industry employers’ associations

The three current EU-level cross-industry employers’ associations, BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME and CEEP, represent almost 70% of all national-level organisations. The area of non-affiliation concerns 17% of all national employers’ associations (23 organisations). EU-level organisations other than those covered by this study affiliate 12 national organisations (9%).

Among these other EU-level associations, those which have members in more than one country are often sectoral organisations, rather than competing peak-level cross-industry organisations, as well as the international system of the Chambers of Commerce. These include Eurocommerce (three exclusive members in three countries) and Eurochambres (two exclusive members in two countries).

BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME, and CEEP are the EU-level employers’ associations which affiliate most of the national organisations involved in national cross-industry industrial relations (Table 8). BUSINESSEUROPE tends to have a broader representational domain, whereas UEAPME and CEEP have members which tend to have sectional representation; UEAPME is focused on SMEs and CEEP on public services.

Data on membership of the employers’ organisations included in this study (134 organisations) are available for 106 organisations in the case of firms (79%) and for 82 organisations in the case of employees (61%). In total, the national organisations included in this study for which data are available group at least 11.9 million affiliated firms, which employ at least 107.8 million workers.

At least 3.8 million firms (32%) are affiliated with BUSINESSEUROPE through its national members (data for 26 cases out of 29); they employ at least 60.1 million workers (56%, data for 22 cases out of 29).

UEAPME affiliates through its national members (data for 27 cases out of 36) at least 6.1 million firms (52% ) with at least 16 million employees (15%, data for 16 cases out of 36).

CEEP affiliates at least 193,000 firms (2% ) – which in this case can actually be public sector administrations in accordance with its representational domain – through its national members (data for 27 cases out of 29); these administrations and enterprises together have at least 19.7 million employees (18%, data for 24 cases out of 29).

These differences reflect the distinct membership bases, and notably the focus of UEAPME on small firms and of CEEP on public services. In particular, CEEP covers public administrations, services of general interest including network services, and publicly owned firms. These organisations are usually among the largest employers in each country and can group, under one single formal organisation, a very large number of local branches and establishments. For instance, the UK section includes 22 organisations covering five million employees.

The other EU-level organisations not expressly included in this study affiliate 10% of firms through their national affiliates (data for 11 cases out of 12) covering 6% of employees (data for 8 cases out of 12, 67%). As in the case of trade unions, most of the firms and employees covered by other organisations are in fact concentrated in one (Eurocommerce) and in a very small number of cases: three cases for firms and two cases for workers, and two in particular (Confcommercio in Italy and CCP in Portugal).

As with trade unions, some national members of the relevant EU social partners are also affiliated to other European organisations, including Eurocommerce and Eurochambres, and the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). This involves members affiliated to BUSINESSEUROPE (one case), UEAPME (three) and CEEP (six).

Table 8: National employers’ associations – main features and affiliation to EU-level organisations, EU28 (2013)
 

Total

Mand.

Encom.

Sect.

MS CB

CI CB

Cons.

BUSINESS

EUROPE

29

0

23

6

27

10

28

UEAPME

36

4

6

30

29

11

31

CEEP

29

8

5

24

24

11

24

Other (exclusive)

12

0

4

8

11

7

11

None

23

0

13

10

23

4

23

Not available *

7

0

4

3

7

2

4

Total

134

12

53

81

119

45

120

Table 8: National employers’ associations – main features and affiliation to EU-level organisations, EU28 (2013)
 

Tripartite

Bipartite

% Firms

N.F

% Emp.

N.E

BUSINESS

EUROPE

23

3

31.8

26

55.8

22

UEAPME

18

6

51.7

27

14.8

16

CEEP

12

3

1.6

27

18.3

24

Other (exclusive)

7

2

10.4

11

6.3

8

None

16

0

4.6

15

5.2

13

Not available *

1

1

0.0

1

0.0

0

Total

76

15

100.0

106

100.0

82

Notes: Mand. = Mandatory membership; Encom. = Encompassing membership, that is including the whole private sector or public sector; Sect. = Sectional; MS CB = multi-sector collective bargaining, the employers’ association takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two different sectors; CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining, the employers’ associations participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining; Cons. = Consultation; % Firms = % of total firms as for data collected for this study; % Emp. = % of total employees as for data collected for this study; N.F = number of cases included in the calculation of membership in terms of firms; N.E = number of cases included in the calculation of membership in terms of employees

* Includes UEL of Luxembourg (not applicable), see note to Table 6

Source: EIRO (2013)

Finally, it should be noted that ETUC and BUSINESSEUROPE are the only organisations with affiliated members in each country.


Capacity to negotiate

Another important criterion of representativeness at European level is the organisations’ capacity to negotiate on behalf of their members. All of the EU-level organisations considered in this study have specific procedures to define the positions to be presented within the European social dialogue framework.

For BUSINESSEUROPE, the mandate to negotiate agreements within the European social dialogue is decided by the Council of the Presidents, with a quorum of two-thirds of members affected by the agreement and a qualified majority of 80%. The mandate is entrusted to a negotiating team comprising a representative from each affected federation. The team reports to the Social Affairs Political Committee which designates the employers’ chief negotiator. The decision on the outcome of the European Social Dialogue is also taken by the Council of Presidents. A consensus of all members with voting rights and whose country is affected by the agreement in question is required for approval of an agreement negotiated with trade unions at EU-level.

Within CEEP, the mandate for the European social dialogue is approved by the General Assembly, which is the competent decision-making body. The General Assembly can decide on these matters with a qualified two-thirds majority if at least half of its sections are present. The CEEP’s Social Affairs Board then takes part in the negotiations. The outcome of the European social dialogue must again be approved by the General Assembly with the same procedure and voting requirements.

Similarly, in UEAPME the mandate for the European social dialogue is approved by the General Assembly which is the competent decision-making body. The General Assembly decides on these matters with a simple majority. The mandate is entrusted to the UEAPME Social Affairs Committee. The outcome of the European social dialogue must be approved again by the General Assembly with the same procedure and voting requirements.

On the employee side, ETUC’s Executive Committee approves a mandate for the European social dialogue with a two-thirds majority and decides the composition of the social dialogue delegation. The negotiating party for ETUC is the Secretariat, which operates in close consultation with the affiliated national trade union confederations and European Industry Federations. The Executive Committee decides both the draft agreement and the outcome of the social dialogue procedure. A two-thirds majority is needed for the adoption of a final agreement.

For EUROCADRES, its Executive Committee has overall responsibility for all activities and policies, and it approves matters concerning the European social dialogue. The President, in cooperation with the Vice-Presidents and the Executive Officer, represents EUROCADRES.

For CEC, its Steering Committee is its executive body and it decides the positions to be adopted in the European social dialogue. These decisions are executed by the President (legal representative), the Secretary General (as operative officer) and the Deputy Secretary General (in cooperation with the Secretary General).


Developments since the earlier representativeness studies

This section briefly presents relevant developments that have occurred since the previous studies on the representativeness of the social partners included in this one were carried out.

The organisations included in the present study were the subject of two different reports prepared at the end of the 1990s by the Institut des Sciences du Travail – Université Catholique de Louvain: the first report dealt with European social partner organisations at cross-industry level, excluding trade unions for professional and managerial workers – these were covered in the second report.

The 1999 study on European social partner organisations at cross-industry level is significantly different from the present study. This is primarily because it set out to cover all potential EU-level organisations representing labour and management, beginning with a top-down approach, so that in practice it considered many more organisations.

The present study, as described in the introduction and methodology section, adopts a top-down approach only in the case of the presently recognised EU-level organisations. It is firmly rooted in a bottom-up approach, which assigns particular importance to representative national organisations, through the identification of trade unions and employers’ associations which take part into cross-industry collective bargaining and consultations at national level. This approach highlights a fundamental element of representativeness: the fact that EU-level social partners ought to ‘consist of organisations, which are themselves an integral and recognised part of Member State social partner structures and with the capacity to negotiate agreements’. In other words, they should bring together organisations which are recognised as representative at national level, even though this may be according to different criteria such as density rates, elections results for representative bodies (essentially for unions) or even mutual recognition. The practical consequence of this methodology is to concentrate attention on the organisations which have the broadest membership. As illustrated by the results of this study, this presently holds for the currently recognised EU-level cross-industry social partner organisations, since no other relevant EU organisations were identified through the bottom-up approach.

The second difference concerns the enlargement of the EU that has taken place since the late 1990s from 15 Member States to the current 28. This makes the comparison of data particularly complex. Membership data are not always available, and if present, they are sometimes general estimates. Problems with data were also raised in the previous studies and data availability and reliability does not seem to have improved significantly in the meantime. If anything, the broadening of the reference basis to 28 countries has made the collection and validation of data more complex. For this reason, no direct comparison of the membership levels of the organisations can be performed on a methodologically sound basis.

Despite these difficulties, the indicators identified by the previous studies are to a large extent comparable, since they also included the identification of national members, the scrutiny of their role in cross-industry collective bargaining and in cross-industry consultations, and the collection of available data on membership.

Taking into consideration these basic indicators, the present study substantially confirms the results of the previous ones. ETUC and BUSINESSEUROPE (then UNICE) remain the organisations with affiliated members in all Member States, with comparatively more national affiliates participating in cross-industry collective bargain and consultations and with the largest membership.

CEEP, despite the changes introduced by liberalisation processes, maintains an important role as the EU-level association of public service employers, especially where civil servants are covered by collective bargaining rather than unilateral regulation by public authorities, and where public sector bodies are organised in associations or agencies rather than being represented directly by political authorities such as central government ministries. Important publicly owned firms, which mostly operate in public utilities and services of general interest, are also among CEEP’s members. In the latter case, the firms may also have membership in employers’ associations which represent private sector firms, but such situations cannot be identified without further research. This type of overlap may be of limited relevance for the assessment of the representativeness of CEEP, since it could denote the specific interest representation of public-owned enterprises in these particular sectors.

EUROCADRES and CEC were covered in the second of the earlier afore-mentioned studies. EUROCADRES continues to be characterised by a combination of national confederations as formal members and a number of active members, often national sectoral federations. The representativeness of EUROCADRES remains linked to its representation of professional and managerial staff within a broader membership. If the presence of the main national confederations among its members may be regarded as strengthening EUROCADRES’ representativeness, it means that the role of professional and managerial staff, both at national and European level, depends on the capacity to bring forward their interests in the framework of general collective bargaining and consultations. In this sense, the inclusion within the employees’ delegation of a representation of professional and managerial staff fulfils the objective of ensuring a specific consideration of the interests of this section of the workforce. CEC maintains representation of professional and managerial staff in a number of EU Member States and this confirms its relevance at EU-level.


Conclusions

The data collected for this study show that the European social partners currently involved in cross-industry social dialogue affiliate the great majority of national organisations which have a role in cross-industry industrial relations in the EU28 Members States and cover about 90% of member employees and firms. Specifically, the national members of ETUC, EUROCADRES and CEC organise 91% of all employees and the national affiliated organisations of BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME and CEEP organise 85% of firms which employ 89% of workers.

On the employee and the employer sides, ETUC and BUSINESSEUROPE are respectively the organisations with the more encompassing representational domains, the most prominent role in cross-industry collective bargaining and tripartite consultations, as well as the highest membership share in terms of employees. They are also the only two organisations with members in each of the 28 countries covered by this study. CEEP represents public employers (where it remains the only general cross-industry organisation) and providers of services of general interest. In this field, national members are relevant players in cross-industry industrial relations in EU Member States.

UEAPME represents craft enterprises and SMEs. In this field, national members are relevant players in cross-industry industrial relations in EU Member States.

EUROCADRES and CEC are relevant social partner organisations for managerial and professional staff with national affiliated members that have a clear role in cross-industry bargaining and consultations. In this respect, EUROCADRES certainly benefits from sharing members with ETUC.

Together, ETUC, EUROCADRES, CEC and BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME, CEEP cover three-quarters of the national social partner organisations which participate in cross-industry industrial relations across the EU. They also affiliate through their national members the great majority of unionised workers and firms affiliated to employers’ associations. With their specificities in terms of representation, according to the result of this study, they are to be regarded as the most important EU-wide representatives of the labour and management at cross-industry level.

Roberto Pedersini, Università degli Studi di Milano, and Christian Welz, Eurofound


Annex

Table A1: List of trade unions

Country

Organisation

Full name

Full name (English)

AT

ÖGB

Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund

Austrian Trade Union Federation

AT

WdF

Wirtschaftsforum der Führungskräfte

Austrian Managers Association

BE

CGSLB- ACLVB

Centrale Générale des Syndicats Libéraux de Belgique, CGSLB/Algemene Centrale der Liberale Vakbonden van België, ACLVB

General Central of Liberal Trade Union of Belgium

BE

CNC-NCK

Confédération Nationale des Cadres

National Executive Confederation

BE

CSC/ACV

Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens/Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond

Confederation of Christian Trade Unions

BE

FGTB-ABVV

Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique/Algemeen Belgisch Vakverbond

Belgian Trade Union Federation

BG

CITUB

Конфедерация на независимите синдикати в България

Confederation of Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria

BG

Podkrepa CL

Конфедерация на труда „Подкрепа’

Confederation of Labour Podkrepa

CY

DEOK

Δημοκρατική Εργατική Ομοσπονδία Κύπρου

Democratic Labour Federation of Cyprus

CY

PEO

Παγκύπρια Εργατική Ομοσπονδία

Pancyprian Federation of Labour

CY

SEK

Συνομοσπονδία Εργαζομένων Κύπρου

Cyprus Employee Confederation

CZ

ASO ČR

Asociace samostatných odborů České republiky

Association of Autonomous Trade Unions of Czech Republic

CZ

ČMKOS

Českomoravská konfederace odborových svazů

Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions

DE

dbb Tarifunion

Deutscher Beamtenbund und Tarifunion

The German Civil Service Association

DE

DGB

Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund

Confederation of German Trade Unions

DE

ULA

Deutscher Führungskräfteverband

German Confederation of Managers and Executives

DK

AC

Akademikernes Centralorganisation

Confederation of Professional Associations

DK

FTF

FTF

Confederation of Professionals in Denmark

DK

LH

Ledernes Hovedorganisation

Danish Association of Managers and Executives

DK

LO

Landsorganisationen i Danmark

Danish Trade Union Confederation

EE

EAKL

Eesti Ametiühingute Keskliit

Estonian Trade Union Confederation

EE

TALO

Teenistujate Ametiliitude Organisatsioon

Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation

ES

CCOO

Comisiones Obreras

Trade Union Confederation of Workers’ Commissions

ES

CCP

Confederación de Cuadros y Profesionales

Confederation of Managers and Professionals

ES

CIG

Confederación Intersindical Gallega/ Confederación Intersindical Galega

Federation of Galician Interunion Confederation

ES

CSI-F

Central Sindical Independiente y de Funcionarios

Independent Trade Union Confederation of Public Servants

ES

ELA-STV

Solidaridad de los Trabajadores Vascos/ Euskal Sindikatua Zerbitzuak

Basque Workers’ Solidarity

ES

UGT

Unión General de Trabajadores

General Workers’ Confederation

ES

USO

Unión Sindical Obrera

Workers’ Trade Unionist Confederation

FI

AKAVA

AKAVA

Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland

FI

SAK

Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö

Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions

FI

STTK

Toimihenkilökeskusjärjestö

Finnish Confederation of Professionals

FR

CFDT

Confédération française Démocratique du travail

French Democratic Confederation of Labour

FR

CFE-CGC

Confédération Française de l’Encadrement CGC

French Confederation of Professional and Managerial Staff

FR

CFTC

Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens

French Confederation of Christians Workers

FR

CGT

Confédération Générale du Travail

General Confederation of Labour

FR

CGT-FO

Confédération Générale du Travail-Force Ouvrière

General Confederation of Labour–Force Ouvrière

FR

UNSA

Union Nationale des Syndicats Autonomes

National Union of Autonomous Unions

EL

ADEDY

Ανώτατη Διοίκηση Ενώσεων Δημοσίων Υπαλλήλων

Supreme Administration of Greek Civil Servants Trade Unions

EL

EASE

Εταιρεία Ανώτατων Στελεχών Επιχειρήσεων

Association of Chief Executive Officers

EL

EEDE

Ελληνική Εταιρία Διοικήσεως Επιχειρήσεων

Hellenic Management Association

EL

GSEE

Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Εργατών Ελλάδος

Greek General Confederation of Labour

HR

HUS

Hrvatska udruga sindikata

Croatian Trade Unions Association

HR

MATICA

MATICA HRVATSKIH SINDIKATA

MATICA - Association of Croatian Trade Unions

HR

NHS

Nezavisni hrvatski sindikati

Independent Trade Unions of Croatia

HR

SSSH

Savez samostalnih sindikata Hrvatske

Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Croatia

HR

URSH

Udruga radničkih sindikata Hrvatske

Association of Workers Trade Unions of Croatia

HU

ASZSZ

Autonóm Szakszervezetek Szövetsége

Autonomous Trade Unions Confederation

HU

ÉSZT

Értelmiségi Szakszervezeti Tömörülés

Trade Union Confederation of Professionals

HU

Liga

Független Szakszervezetek Demokratikus Ligája

Democratic League of Independent Trade Unions

HU

MSZOSZ

Magyar Szakszervezetek Országos Szövetsége

National Confederation of Hungarian Trade Unions

HU

Munkástanácsok

Munkástanácsok Országos Szövetsége

National Confederation of Workers’ Councils

HU

SZEF

Szakszervezetek Együttműködési Fóruma

Forum for the Co-operation of Trade Unions

IE

ICTU

Irish Congress of Trade Unions

Irish Congress of Trade Unions

IT

Cgil

Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro

The General Confederation of Italian Workers

IT

Cida

Manager e Alte Professionalità per l’Italia

Italian Confederation of Managers and High Professionals

IT

Cisal

Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Autonomi Lavoratori

Italian Confederation of Workers’ Autonomous Trade Unions

IT

Cisl

Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori

Italian Confederation of Workers’ Union

IT

CIU Unionquadri

Confederazione Italiana Unionquadri

Italian Confederation UNIONQUADRI

IT

Confedir

Confederazione dei sindacati dei funzionari direttivi, dirigenti e delle elevate professionalità della funzione pubblica

Confederation of Trade Unions of Directors, Managers and High Professionals in Public Service

IT

Confsal

Confederazione Generale dei Sindacati Autonomi dei Lavoratori

General Confederation of the Autonomous Trade Unions of the Workers

IT

Cuq

Confederazione Unitaria Quadri

Unitary Confederation of Professional and Managerial Staff

IT

Ugl

Unione Generale del Lavoro

General Union of Workers

IT

Uil

Unione Italiana del Lavoro

Union of Italian Workers

IT

Usae

Unione sindacati autonomi europei

Union of Autonomous European Trade Unions

IT

Usb

Unione sindacale di base

USB trade union confederation

LT

LDF

Lietuvos darbo federacija

Lithuanian Labour Federation

LT

LPS 'Solidarumas'

Lietuvos profesinė sąjunga ‘Solidarumas’

Lithuanian Trade Union ‘Solidarumas’

LT

LPSK

Lietuvos profesinių sąjungų konfederacija

Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation

LU

LCGB

Lëtzebuerger Chrëschtleche Gewerkschafts-Bond

Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Unions in Luxembourg

LU

OGB-L

Onofhängege Gewerkschaftsbond Lëtzebuerg

Independent Trade Union Confederation of Luxembourg

LU

CGFP

Confédération Générale de la Fonction Publique-Perspectives Lëtzebuerger Chrëschtleche Gewerkschafts-Bond

General Confederation of Public Service

LV

LBAS

Latvijas Brīvo Arodbiedrību savienība

Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia

MT

CMTU

Konfederazzjoni Maltija tat-Trade Unions

Confederation of Malta Trade Unions

MT

ForUM

Forum Unions Maltin

Forum Maltese Unions

MT

GWU

General Workers' Union

General Workers' Union

NL

CNV

Christelijk Nationaal Vakverbond

Christian Trade Union Federation

NL

FNV

Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging

Dutch Trade Union Federation

NL

MHP-De Unie

Middelbaar en Hoger personeel/De Unie

Union for Middle and Higher Personnel

PL

FZZ

Forum Związków Zawodowych

Trade Unions Forum

PL

NSZZ Solidarność

Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność

Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity

PL

OPZZ

Ogólnopolskie Porozumienie Związków Zawodowych

All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions

PT

CGTP-IN

Confederação Geral dos Trabalhadores Portugueses-Intersindical Nacional

General Confederation of Portuguese Workers

PT

UGT

União Geral de Trabalhadores

General Union of Workers

PT

USI

União de Sindicatos Independentes

Confederation of Independent Trade Unions

RO

BNS

Blocul Naţional Sindical

National Trade Union Bloc

RO

CNS 'Cartel Alfa'

Confederaţia Naţională Sindicală 'Cartel Alfa'

National Trade Unions Confederation 'Cartel Alfa'

RO

CNSLR Frăţia

Confederaţia Naţională a Sindicatelor Libere din România Frăţia

National Confederation of Free Trade Unions from Romania Frăţia

RO

CSDR

Confederaţia Sindicatelor Democratice din România

Confederation of Democratic Trade Unions in Romania

RO

CSN Meridian

Confederaţia Sindicală Naţională Meridian

National Trade Union Confederation Meridian

SE

Ledarna

Ledarna

Sweden’s organization for managers

SE

LO

Landsorganisationen i Sverige

Swedish Trade Union Confederation

SE

SACO

Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation

Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations

SE

TCO

Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation

Swedish Confederation for Professional Employee

SI

KNSS

Konfederacija novih sindikatov Slovenije

Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia

SI

Konfederacija '90

Konfederacija sindikatov '90 Slovenije

Confederation of Trade Unions ΄90 of Slovenia

SI

KSJS

Konfederacija sindikatov javnega sektorja Slovenije

Confederation of Public Sector Trade Unions

SI

PERGAM

Konfederacija sindikatov Pergam Slovenije

Confederation of Trade Unions of Slovenia Pergam

SI

Solidarnost

Zveza delavskih sindikatov Slovenije–Solidarnost

Association of Workers Trade Unions of Slovenia–Solidarity

SI

Združenje Manager

Združenje Manager

Managers' Association of Slovenia

SI

ZSSS

Zveza svobodnih sindikatov Slovenije

Union of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia

SK

KOZ SR

Konfederácia odborových zväzov Slovenskej republiky

Confederation of Trade Unions of the Slovak Republic

SK

NKOS

Nezávislé kresťanské odbory Slovenska

Independent Christian Trade Unions of Slovakia

SK

VSOZ

Všeobecný slobodný odborový zväz

Independent Free Trade Union Association

UK

MPA

Managerial and Professional Staff Association

Managerial and Professional Staff Association

UK

NIC ICTU

Northern Ireland Committee Irish Congress of Trade Unions Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Committee Irish Congress of Trade Unions Northern Ireland

UK

STUC

Scottish Trades Union Congress

Scottish Trades Union Congress

UK

TUC

Trades Union Congress

Trades Union Congress

Table A2: List of employers’ associations

Country

Organisation

Full name

Full name (English)

AT

WKÖ

Wirtschaftskammer Österreich

Federal Economic Chamber

AT

IV

Industriellenvereinigung

Austrian Federation of Industry

AT

VÖWG

Verband der Őffentlichen Wirtschaft und Gemeinwirschaft Österreichs

The Austrian Association for Public and Social Economy

BE

FEB/VBO

Fédération des Entreprises de Belgique / Verbond van Belgische Ondernemingen

Federation of Enterprises in Belgium

BE

UCM

Union des Classes Moyennes

Union of the Self- Employed (French language)

BE

UNIZO

Unie van Zelfstandige Ondernemers

Flemish Organisation of the Self-Employed

BE

UNISOC

Union des ntreprises à profit social

Confederation of Social Profit Enterprises 

BE

UNIPSO

Union des Entreprises à Profit Social

Union of For-Profit Social Enterprises

BG

BIA

Българска стопанска камара

Bulgarian Industrial Association

BG

BICA

Асоциацията на индустриалния капитал в България

Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association

BG

CEIBG

Кжонфедерация на работодателите и индустриалците в България

Confederation of Employers and Industrialists in Bulgaria

BG

BCCI

Българска търговско промишлена палата

Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

BG

UPEE

Съюз за стопанска инициатива

Union for Economic Initiative

CY

CCCI

Εμπορικό και Βιομηχανικό Επιμελητήριο Κύπρου

Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry

CY

OEB

Ομοσπονδία Εργοδοτών και Βιομηχάνων Κύπρου

Cyprus Employers and Industrialists Federation

CZ

SP ČR

Svaz průmyslu a dopravy ČR

Confederation of Industry of the Czech Republic

CZ

KZPS ČR

Konfederace zaměstnavatelských a podnikatelských svazů ČR

Confederation of Employer and Entrepreneur Associations of the Czech Republic

CZ

AMSP-ČR

Asociace malých a středních podniků a živnostníků České republiky

Association of Small and Medium sized Entreprises and Crafts of the Czech Republic

CZ

HK ČR

Hospodářská komora České republiky

Czech Chamber of Commerce

DE

BDA

Bundesvereinigung der Deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände

German Confederation of Employers’ Associations

DE

ZDH and UDH

Zentralverband des Deutschen Handwerks

German Confederation of Skilled Crafts

DE

bvöd

Bundesverband Öffentliche Dienstleistungen

Federal Association of Public Services

DE

TdL

Tarifgemeinschaft deutscher Länder

Employers' Association of German Länder

DE

VKA

Vereinigung der kommunalen Arbeitgeberverbände

Municipal Employers' Association

DK

DA

Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening

Confederation of Danish Employers

DK

Moderniseringsstyrelsen

Moderniseringsstyrelsen

Agency for the Modernisation of Public Administration

DK

KL

Kommunernes Landsforening

Local Government Denmark

DK

Danske Regioner

Danske Regioner

Danish Regions

DK

HVR

Håndværksrådet

The Danish Federation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

EE

ETTK

Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit

Estonian Employers’ Confederation

EE

ESIA

Eesti Teenusmajanduse Koda

Estoniana Service Industry Association

EE

EVEA

Eesti Väike- ja Keskmiste Ettevõtjate Assotsiatsioon

Estonian Association of SMEs

EE

ECCI

Eesti Kaubandus- Tööstuskoda

Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

EE

ESEA

Eesti Suurettevõtjate Assotsiatsioon

Estonian Business Association

ES

CEOE

Confederación Española de Organizaciones Empresariales

Spanish Confederation of Employers’ Organisations

ES

CEPYME

Confederación Española de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa

Spanish Confederation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

ES

CEAT

Federación Española de Autónomos

Spanish Federation of Self-employed

ES

PIMEC

Micro, petita i mitjana empresa de Catalunya

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises of Catalonia

ES

PIMEB

Confederació de la Petita i Mitjana Empresa de Balears

Confederation of Small and Medium Enterprises of Balearic Islands

FI

EK

Elinkeinoelämän keskusliitto

Confederation of Finnish Industries

FI

KT

Kuntatyönantajat

Local Government Employers’ Association

FI

VTML

Valtion työmarkkinalaitos

State Employer’s Office

FI

SY/FFE

Suomen Yrittäjät

Federation of Finnish Enterprises

FI

KiT

Kirkon työmarkkinalaitos

Church Employers

FR

MEDEF

Mouvement des Entreprises de France

Movement of French Enterprises

FR

CGPME

Confédération Générale des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises

General Confederation of Small and Medium sized Enterprises

FR

UPA

Union Professionnelle Artisanale

Craft Employers’ Union

FR

UNAPL

Union Nationale des professions Libérales

National Union of Self-employed Workers

FR

APCMA

Assemblée Permanente des Chambres de Métiers et de l’Artisanat

Permanent Assembly of Chambers of Trade and Craft

FR

CEEP France

Centre Européen des Entreprises à Participation Publique et des Entreprises d’Intérêt Economique Général-France

European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and Enterprises of General Economic Interest-France

EL

SEV

Σύνδεσμος Επιχειρήσεων και Βιομηχανιών

Hellenic Federation of Enterprises

EL

GSEVEE

Γενική Συνομοσπονδία Επαγγελματιών, Βιοτεχνών, Εμπόρων Ελλάδος

Greek General Confederation of Professionals, Craftsmen and Merchants

EL

KEDEO

Κέντρο Ελληνικών Δημόσιων Επιχειρήσεων και Οργανισμών Δημόσιου Συμφέροντος

Centre of Enterprises of Public Interest

HR

HUP

Hrvatska udruga poslodavaca

Croatian Employers Association

HR

HOK

Hrvatska obrtnička komora

Croatian Chamber of Trades and Crafts

HU

ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ

Általános Fogyasztási Szövetkezetek és Kereskedelmi Társaságok Országos Szövetsége

Hungarian National Federation of Consumer Co-operative Societies and Trade Associations

HU

KISZOSZ

Kereskedők és Vendéglátók Országos Érdekképviseleti Szövetsége

National Federation of Traders and Caterers

HU

OKISZ

Magyar Iparszövetség

Hungarian Industrial Association

HU

IPOSZ

Ipartestületek Országos Szövetsége

National Federation of Craftsmen Boards

HU

MGYOSZ

Munkaadók és Gyáriparosok Országos Szövetsége

Confederation of Hungarian Employers and Industrialists, Business Hungary

HU

STRATOSZ

Stratégiai és Közszolgáltató Társaságok Országos Szövetsége

National Association of Strategic and Public Utility Companies

HU

VOSZ

Vállalkozók és Munkáltatók Országos Szövetsége

National Association of Entrepreneurs and Employers

IE

IBEC

Irish Business and Employers Confederation

Irish Business and Employers Confederation

IE

SFA

Small Firms Association

Small Firms Association

IE

ISME

Irish Small and Medium Enterprises Association

Irish Small and Medium Enterprises Association

IT

Aran

Agenzia per la Rappresentanza Negoziale delle Pubbliche Amministrazioni

State Bargaining Agency

IT

Confindustria

Confederazione Generale dell’Industria Italiana

General Confederation of Italian Industry

IT

Confapi

Confederazione Italiana della Piccola e media Industria

Italian Confederation of Small and Medium-sized Industry

IT

Confesercenti

Confederazione Italiana Esercenti Attività Commerciali, Turistiche e dei Servizi

Italian Confederation of Commerce, Tourism and Service Activities

IT

Confcommercio

Confederazione Generale Italiana del Commercio e del Turismo

General Italian Confederation of Commerce and Tourism

IT

Confartigianato

Confederazione Generale Italiana dell’Artigianato

General Italian Confederation of Artisans

IT

Cna

Confederazione Nazionale dell’Artigianato e della Piccola e Media Impresa

National Confederation for the Craft Sector and Small and Medium Enterprise

IT

Claai

Confederazione delle Libere Associazioni Artigiane Italiane

Confederation of Italian Free Crafts Associations

IT

Casartigiani

Confederazione Autonoma Sindacati Artigiani

Autonomous Confederation of Artisan Unions

IT

Agci

Associazione Generale Cooperative Italiane

General Association of Italian Co-operatives

IT

Legacoop

Lega Nazionale delle Cooperative

National League of Cooperatives

IT

Confcooperative

Confederazione Cooperative Italiane

Confederation of Italian Cooperatives

IT

Unci

Unione Nazionale Cooperative Italiane

National Union of Italian Cooperatives

IT

Federterziario

Confederazione Italiana del Terziario, dei Servizi, del Lavoro autonomo, della Piccola Impresa Industriale, Commerciale e Artigiana

Italian Confederation of Tertiary, Services, Autonomous Work, Small Industrial, Commercial and Artisan Enterprises

IT

Confservizi

Confederazione dei Servizi Pubblici Locali

Confederation of the Local Public Services

LT

LPK

Lietuvos pramoninkų konfederacija

Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists

LT

LVDK

Lietuvos verslo darbdavių konfederacija

Lithuanian Business Employers’ Confederation

LT

LPPARA

Lietuvos pramonės, prekybos ir amatų rūmų asociacija

Association of Lithuanian Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Crafts

LU

UEL

Union des Entreprises Luxembourgeoises

Union of Luxembourg Enterprises

LU

Fedil

Fedil

Business Federation Luxembourg

LU

FDA

Fédération des Artisans

Union of Craftsmen

LU

CDM

Chambres des Métiers du Grand Duché de Luxembourg

Chamber of Crafts

LU

clc

Confédération Luxembourgeoise du Commerce

Luxembourg Confederation of Trade

LV

LDDK

Latvijas Darba devēju konfederācija

Employers' Confederation of Latvia

LV

LAK

Latvijas Amatniecības kamera

Latvian Chamber of Crafts

MT

MEA

Malta Employers Association

Malta Employers Association

MT

MCCEI

Kamra Maltija tal-Kummerċ, l-Intrapriża u l-Industrija

Malta Chamber of Commerce, Enterprise and Industry

MT

ELTU

Kamra Maltija tan-Negozji Zghar u Medji

General Retailers and Traders Union

NL

VNO-NCW

Verbond Nederlandse Ondernemingen–Nederlands Christelijk Werkgeversverbond

Association Dutch Employers–Dutch Christian Employers

NL

MKB-Nederland

Midden en Kleinbedrijf Nederland

The Dutch Federation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

NL

VNG

Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten

Union of Dutch Municipalities

PL

PKPP-Lewiatan

Polska Konfederacja Pracodawców Prywatnych Lewiatan

Polish Confederation of Private Employers Lewiatan

PL

Pracodawcy RP

Pracodawcy Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

Employers of Poland

PL

ZP BCC

Związek Pracodawców Business Centre Club

Employer’s Association Business Centre Club

PL

ZRP

Związek Rzemiosła Polskiego

Polish Craft Association

PT

CIP

Confederação Empresarial de Portugal

Confederation of Portuguese Business

PT

CCP

Confederação do Comércio e Serviços de Portugal

Portuguese Commerce and Services Confederation

PT

CEEP-Portugal

Associação CEEP Portugal–Serviços de Interesse Geral

Association CEEP Portugal–Services of General Interest

PT

AIP-CCI

Associação Industrial Portuguesa-Câmara de Comércio e Indústria

Portuguese Industrial Association–Chamber of Commerce and Industry

RO

PR

Patronatul Român

Romanian Employers Organisation

RO

UGIR 1903

Uniunea Generală a Industriaşilor din România 1903

General Union of Romanian Industrialists 1903

RO

CONPIROM

Confederaţia Patronală din Industria României

Employer Confederation of Romanian Industry

RO

UNPR

Uniunea Naţională a Patronatului Român

National Union of Romanian Employers

RO

CNPR

Confederaţia Naţională a Patronatului Român

National Confederation of Romanian Employers

RO

ACPR

Alianţa Confederaţiilor Patronale din România

Alliance of Romanian Employers’ Confederations

RO

CNIPMMR

Consiliul Naţional al Întreprinderilor Private Mici şi Mijlocii din România

National Council of Private Small and Medium Enterprises

RO

UGIR

Uniunea Generală a Industriaşilor din România

General Union of Romanian Industrialists

RO

CoNPR

Consiliul Naţional al Patronilor din România

National Council of Romanian Employers

RO

PNR

Patronatul Naţional Român

Romanian National Employers

RO

CPISC

Confederaţia Patronala a Industriei, Serviciilor şi a Comerţului

Employers Confederation for Industry, Services and Commerce

RO

UNPCPR

Uniunea Naţională a Patronatelor cu Capital Privat din România

National Union of Employers with Private Capital in Romania

RO

CP CONCORDIA

Confederaţia Patronală CONCORDIA

CONCORDIA Employers Confederation

RO

FNPSPR

Federaţia Naţională a Patronatelor Serviciilor Publice din România

National Employers' Federation of the Public Services Operators of Romania

SE

Svenskt Näringsliv

Svenskt Näringsliv

Confederation of Swedish Enterprise

SE

Företagarna

Företagarna

Federation of Business Owners

SE

SALAR

Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting

Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions

SE

KFS

Kommunala Företagens Samorganisation

Swedish Organisation for Local Enterprises

SE

SAGE

Arbetsgivarverket

Swedish Agency for Government Employers

SE

Pacta

Arbetsgivarförbundet Pacta

Employers´Association for Local Federations of Local Authorities and Enterprises

SI

GZS

Gospodarska Zbornica Slovenije

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia

SI

OZS

Obrtno-podjetniska zbornica Slovenije

Chamber of Craft and Small Business of Slovenia

SI

ZDOPS

Združenje delodajalcev obrti in podjetnikov Slovenije

Association of Employers in Craft and Small Business of Slovenia

SI

ZDS

Združenje delodajalcev Slovenije

Association of Employers of Slovenia

SK

AZZZ SR

Asociácia zamestnávateľských zväzov a združení Slovenskej republiky

Federation of Employers Associations of the Slovak republic

SK

RÚZ SR

Republiková únia zamestnávateľov

National Union of Employers

UK

CBI

Confederation of British Industry

Confederation of British Industry

UK

CEEP UK

CEEP UK

CEEP UK

UK

FSB

Federation of Small Business

Federation of Small Business

UK

FPB

Forum of Private Business

Forum of Private Business

Table B1: Trade unions involved in cross-sector industrial relations – representational domains, EU28 (2013)
 

Organisation

Sectors

Employers

Occupations

Territory

Domain*

AT

ÖGB

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

AT

WdF

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

BE

CGSLB- ACLVB

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

BE

CNC-NCK

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

BE

CSC/ACV

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

BE

FGTB-ABVV

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

BG

CITUB

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

BG

Podkrepa CL

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

CY

DEOK

Private and semi-public sectors

Private and semi-public firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

CY

PEO

Private and semi-public sectors

Private and semi-public firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

CY

SEK

Private and semi-public sectors

Private and semi-public firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

CZ

ASO ČR

Economy, except manufacturing

All employers

All occupations

National

Sectional

CZ

ČMKOS

Economy, except agriculture

All employers

All occupations

National

Sectional

DE

dbb Tarifunion

Public sector

Public employers

Public employees

National

Sectional

DE

DGB

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

DE

ULA

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

DK

AC

Economy

All employers

University graduates

National

Sectional

DK

FTF

Economy

All employers

White-collar, except university graduates

National

Sectional

DK

LH

Private sector

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

DK

LO

Economy, except the financial sector

All employers

All occupations, except university graduates

National

Sectional

EE

EAKL

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

EE

TALO

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

ES

CCOO

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

ES

CCP

Private sector

Private firms

Managers

National

Sectional

ES

CIG

Economy

All employers

All occupations

Galicia

Sectional

ES

CSI-F

Public sector

Public firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

ES

ELA-STV

Economy

All employers

All occupations

Paìs Vasco

Sectional

ES

UGT

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

ES

USO

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

FI

AKAVA

Economy

All employers

University graduates

National

Sectional

FI

SAK

Economy

All employers

Blue-collar workers

National

Sectional

FI

STTK

Economy

All employers

White-collar workers

National

Sectional

FR

CFDT

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

FR

CFE-CGC

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

FR

CFTC

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

FR

CGT

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

FR

CGT-FO

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

FR

UNSA

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

EL

ADEDY

Public sector

Public employers

Civil servants

National

Sectional

EL

EASE

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

EL

EEDE

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

EL

GSEE

Private and semi-public sectors

Private and semi-public firms

Private employees, including in public-owned companies

National

Sectional

HR

HUS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HR

MATICA

Public sector (mainly)

All employers

All occupations

National

Sectional

HR

NHS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HR

SSSH

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HR

URSH

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HU

ASZSZ

Private sector

Private firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

HU

ÉSZT

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HU

Liga

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

HU

MSZOSZ

Private sector

Private firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

HU

Munkástanácsok

Private sector

Private firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

HU

SZEF

Public sector

Public firms

All occupations

National

Sectional

IE

ICTU

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Cgil

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Cida

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

IT

Cisal

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Cisl

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

CIU Unionquadri

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

IT

Confedir

Public sector

Public employers

Managers

National

Sectional

IT

Confsal

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Cuq

Private sector

Medium and large firms

Managers

National

Sectional

IT

Ugl

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Uil

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Usae

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

IT

Usb

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LT

LDF

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LT

LPS ‘Solidarumas’

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LT

LPSK

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LU

LCGB

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LU

OGB-L

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

LU

CGFP

Public sector

Central and local administrations

Civil servants and public employees

National

Sectional

LV

LBAS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

MT

CMTU

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

MT

ForUM

Service sectors

All employers

Certain occupations

National

Sectional

MT

GWU

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

NL

CNV

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

NL

FNV

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

NL

MHP-De Unie

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PL

FZZ

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PL

NSZZ Solidarność

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PL

OPZZ

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PT

CGTP-IN

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PT

UGT

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

PT

USI

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

RO

BNS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

RO

CNS ‘Cartel Alfa’

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

RO

CNSLR Frăţia

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

RO

CSDR

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

RO

CSN Meridian

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SE

Ledarna

Economy

All employers

White-collar workers

National

Sectional

SE

LO

Economy

All employers

Blue-collar workers

National

Sectional

SE

SACO

Economy

All employers

Graduate workers

National

Sectional

SE

TCO

Economy

All employers

White-collar workers

National

Sectional

SI

KNSS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SI

Konfederacija ’90

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SI

KSJS

Public sector

Public employers

All occupations

National

Sectional

SI

PERGAM

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SI

Solidarnost

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SI

Združenje Manager

Economy

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

SI

ZSSS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SK

KOZ SR

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SK

NKOS

Economy

All employers

All occupations

National

Economy-wide

SK

VSOZ

Public sector

Public employers

All occupations

National

Sectional

UK

MPA

Various sectors

All employers

Managers

National

Sectional

UK

NIC ICTU

Economy

All employers

All occupations

Regional

Sectional

UK

STUC

Economy

All employers

All occupations

Regional

Sectional

UK

TUC

Economy

All employers

All occupations

Regional

Sectional

* ‘Economy-wide’ refers to all-encompassing representational domains, that is including both the private sector and the public sector

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table B2: Trade unions involved in cross-sector industrial relations – role in national cross-industry industrial relations and members, EU28 (2013)
 

Organisation

CI RD

MS CB

CI CB

Cons.

Tripartite

Bipartite

Members

EU affiliations

AT

ÖGB

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES

AT

WdF

Yes

No

No

No

:

:

3,000

CEC

BE

CGSLB- ACLVB

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

274,000

ETUC, UNI Europa, EUROCADRES

BE

CNC-NCK

No

Yes

No

No

:

:

12,000

CEC

BE

CSC/ACV

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1,182,304

ETUC, EUROCADRES

BE

FGTB-ABVV

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1,517,538

ETUC, EUROCADRES

BG

CITUB

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

275,762

ETUC, EUROCADRES

BG

Podkrepa CL

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

88,329

ETUC, EUROCADRES

CY

DEOK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

9,407

ETUC

CY

PEO

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

83,132

None

CY

SEK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

70,322

ETUC

CZ

ASO ČR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

150,000

None

CZ

ČMKOS

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

407,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

DE

dbb Tarifunion

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

CESI

DE

DGB

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

0

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES

DE

ULA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

54,000

CEC

DK

AC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES, EPSU, UNI Europa

DK

FTF

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

360,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

DK

LH

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

97,000

CEC

DK

LO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

ETUC, NFS (Council of Nordic Trade Unions)

EE

EAKL

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

30,190

ETUC, BASTUN

EE

TALO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

3,143

ETUC, BASTUN, NFS, BTUC

ES

CCOO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

1,150,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

ES

CCP

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

:

20,220

CEC

ES

CIG

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

:

74,000

n.a.

ES

CSI-F

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

n.a.

CESI

ES

ELA-STV

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

:

109,318

ETUC

ES

UGT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

1,200,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

ES

USO

No

Yes

No

No

:

:

n.a.

ETUC

FI

AKAVA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

430,000

ETUC, NFS, EUROCADRES

FI

SAK

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

728,000

ETUC, NFS, EUROCADRES

FI

STTK

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

383,818

ETUC, NFS, EUROCADRES

FR

CFDT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

863,674

ETUC, EUROCADRES

FR

CFE-CGC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

115,000

CEC

FR

CFTC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

142,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

FR

CGT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

685,695

ETUC, EUROCADRES

FR

CGT-FO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

300,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

FR

UNSA

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

360,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

EL

ADEDY

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

450,000

ETUC, EPSU

EL

EASE

No

No

No

No

:

:

471

CEC

EL

EEDE

No

No

No

No

:

:

n.a.

CEC

EL

GSEE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

470,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

HR

HUS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

56,442

None

HR

MATICA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

64,000

None

HR

NHS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

117,000

ETUC

HR

SSSH

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

110,000

ETUC

HR

URSH

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

35,000

None

HU

ASZSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

70,000

ETUC

HU

ÉSZT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

52,300

ETUC, EUROCADRES

HU

Liga

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

112,000

ETUC

HU

MSZOSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

125,000

ETUC

HU

Munkástanácsok

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

50,000

ETUC

HU

SZEF

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

92,000

ETUC

IE

ICTU

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

583,054

ETUC, EUROCADRES

IT

Cgil

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

2,650,528

ETUC, EUROCADRES

IT

Cida

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

117,000

CEC

IT

Cisal

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

n.a.

CESI

IT

Cisl

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1,990,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

IT

CIU Unionquadri

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Confedir

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Confsal

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1,401,545

CESI

IT

Cuq

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

100,000

CEC

IT

Ugl

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Uil

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

1,328,583

ETUC, EUROCADRES

IT

Usae

Yes

Yes

Yes

n.a.

:

:

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Usb

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

250,000

None

LT

LDF

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

ETUC, BASTUN

LT

LPS ‘Solidarumas’

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

10,000

ETUC

LT

LPSK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

56,700

ETUC

LU

LCGB

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

40,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

LU

OGB-L

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

57,500

ETUC, EUROCADRES

LU

CGFP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

28,000

CESI

LV

LBAS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

99,284

ETUC, BTUC, BASTUN

MT

CMTU

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

26,896

ETUC

MT

ForUM

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

ETUC

MT

GWU

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

37,488

ETUC, EUROCADRES

NL

CNV

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES

NL

FNV

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES

NL

MHP-De Unie

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

n.a.

ETUC, EUROCADRES

PL

FZZ

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

300,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

PL

NSZZ Solidarność

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

562,226

ETUC, EUROCADRES

PL

OPZZ

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

792,503

ETUC

PT

CGTP-IN

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

555,500

ETUC, EUROCADRES

PT

UGT

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

520,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

PT

USI

Yes

Yes

No

No

:

:

n.a.

CESI

RO

BNS

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

254,527

ETUC

RO

CNS ‘Cartel Alfa’

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

301,785

ETUC, EUROCADRES

RO

CNSLR Frăţia

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

306,486

ETUC, EUROCADRES

RO

CSDR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

200,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

RO

CSN Meridian

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

320,204

CESI

SE

Ledarna

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

89,700

CEC

SE

LO

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

1,500,000

ETUC, NFS

SE

SACO

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

475,274

ETUC, EUROCADRES

SE

TCO

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

968,866

ETUC, EUROCADRES

SI

KNSS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

None

SI

Konfederacija ’90

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

25,000

None

SI

KSJS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

74,000

None

SI

PERGAM

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

72,000

ETUC: indirectly through UNI Europa, IndusriALL

SI

Solidarnost

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

None

SI

Združenje Manager

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

1,200

CEC

SI

ZSSS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

250,000

ETUC

SK

KOZ SR

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

300,000

ETUC

SK

NKOS

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

:

:

11,000

None

SK

VSOZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

:

:

5,400

Eurofedop

UK

MPA

Yes

Yes

No

No

:

:

n.a.

CEC

UK

NIC ICTU

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

215,000

ETUC: indirectly through ICTU

UK

STUC

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

632,253

None

UK

TUC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

6,000,000

ETUC, EUROCADRES

Notes:

CI RD = Cross-industry representational domain; the union represents workers in at least two sectors or more;

MS CB = multi sector collective bargaining; the union takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two sectors or more

CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining; the union participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining;

Cons. = Consultation.

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table C1: Employer associations involved in cross-sector industrial relations – representational domains, EU28 (2013)
 

Organisation

Sectors

Employers

Territory

Domain*

AT

WKO

Private sector except agriculture, energy supply and liberal professions

Private firms

National

Sectional

AT

IV

Industry

Private firms

National

Sectional

AT

VÖWG

Services of General Interest

Services of General Interest firms

National

Sectional

BE

FEB/VBO

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

BE

UCM

Private sector

SMEs and self-employed

Regional (Bruxelles and Wallonie)

Sectional

BE

UNIZO

Private sector

SMEs

Regional (Brusseles and Flanders)

Sectional

BE

UNISOC

Non-profit sector

Non-profit firms

National

Sectional

BE

UNIPSO

Non-profit sector

Non-profit firms

Regional (Wallonie, French- and German-speaking communities)

Sectional

BG

BIA

Private sector

Private firms and SMEs

National

Encompassing

BG

BICA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

BG

CEIBG

Private sector

Cooperatives and SMEs

National

Sectional

BG

BCCI

Private sector

Private firms and SMEs

National

Encompassing

BG

UPEE

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

CY

CCCI

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

CY

OEB

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

CZ

SP ČR

Private sector excluding culture, education, health services, construction, textile and leather industries

Private firms

National

Sectional

CZ

KZPS ČR

Private and public sectors, weak in industry

Private firms, public administrations, cooperatives

National

Sectional

CZ

AMSP-ČR

Private sector, except retail, tourism (hotels, restaurants, etc.), manufacturing of food and drinks

Private firms

National

Sectional

CZ

HK ČR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

DE

BDA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

DE

ZDH and UDH

Crafts

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

DE

bvöd

Public service sector

Public service employers

National

Sectional

DE

TdL

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

DE

VKA

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

DK

DA

Private non-financial sector

Private firms

National

Sectional

DK

Moderniseringsstyrelsen

State sector

Central administrations

National

Sectional

DK

KL

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

DK

Danske Regioner

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

DK

HVR

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

EE

ETTK

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

EE

ESIA

Private service sector

Private firms

National

Sectional

EE

EVEA

Private sector

Firms employing up to 250 people

National

Sectional

EE

ECCI

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

EE

ESEA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

ES

CEOE

Private sector

Private firms, except SMEs

National

Sectional

ES

CEPYME

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

ES

CEAT

Private sector

Self-employed

National

Sectional

ES

PIMEC

Private sector

SMEs

Catalunya

Sectional

ES

PIMEB

Private sector

SMEs

Balearic Islands

Sectional

FI

EK

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

FI

KT

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

FI

VTML

State sector

Central administrations

National

Sectional

FI

SY/FFE

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

FI

KiT

Religious ONGs

Lutherian Church of Finland

National

Sectional

FR

MEDEF

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

FR

CGPME

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

FR

UPA

Private sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

FR

UNAPL

Private sector

Liberal professions

National

Sectional

FR

APCMA

Private sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

FR

CEEP France

Multi-sector (local public firms, social housing firms, public utilities, services of general interest)

All firms

National

Sectional

EL

SEV

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

EL

GSEVEE

Private sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

EL

KEDEO

Services of General Interest

Services of General Interest firms

National

Sectional

HR

HUP

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

HR

HOK

Crafts sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

HU

ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ

Private services

Private firms

National

Sectional

HU

KISZOSZ

Commerce and HORECA

SMEs and self-employed

National

Sectional

HU

OKISZ

Agriculture and mining

Domestic private firms

National

Sectional

HU

IPOSZ

Crafts and services

SMEs and individual entrepreneurs

National

Sectional

HU

MGYOSZ

Private sector, except agriculture

Private firms

National

Sectional

HU

STRATOSZ

Public utilities

Large firms

National

Sectional

HU

VOSZ

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

IE

IBEC

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

IE

SFA

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IE

ISME

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Aran

Public sector

Public employers

National

Encompassing

IT

Confindustria

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

IT

Confapi

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Confesercenti

Private service sector

Private firms

National

Sectional

IT

Confcommercio

Private service sector

Private firms

National

Sectional

IT

Confartigianato

Crafts sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Cna

Crafts sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Claai

Crafts sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Casartigiani

Crafts sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

IT

Agci

Private sector

Cooperatives

National

Sectional

IT

Legacoop

Private sector

Cooperatives

National

Sectional

IT

Confcooperative

Private sector

Cooperatives

National

Sectional

IT

Unci

Private sector

Cooperatives

National

Sectional

IT

Federterziario

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

IT

Confservizi

Local public services

Local public service firms

National

Sectional

LT

LPK

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LT

LVDK

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LT

LPPARA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LU

UEL

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LU

Fedil

Private manufacturing and service sectors

Private firms

National

Sectional

LU

FDA

Craft and service sectors

Private firms

National

Sectional

LU

CDM

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LU

clc

Commerce and services

Private firms

National

Sectional

LV

LDDK

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

LV

LAK

Crafts sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

MT

MEA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

MT

MCCEI

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

MT

GRTU

Private service sector

SMEs and self-employed

National

Sectional

NL

VNO-NCW

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

NL

MKB-Nederland

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

NL

VNG

Public sector

Municipalities

National

Sectional

PL

PKPP-Lewiatan

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

PL

Pracodawcy RP

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

PL

ZP BCC

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

PL

ZRP

Crafts sector

Crafts firms

National

Sectional

PT

CIP

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

PT

CCP

Private service sector

Private firms

National

Sectional

PT

CEEP-Portugal

Services of General Interest

Services of General Interest firms

National

Sectional

PT

AIP-CCI

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

PR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

UGIR 1903

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CONPIROM

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

UNPR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CNPR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

ACPR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CNIPMMR

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

RO

UGIR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CoNPR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

PNR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CPISC

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

UNPCPR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

CP CONCORDIA

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

RO

FNPSPR

Public service sector

Public service employers

National

Sectional

SE

Svenskt Näringsliv

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

SE

Företagarna

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

SE

SALAR

Local government sector

Local governments

National

Sectional

SE

KFS

Local enterprise sector, except health

Private firms

National

Sectional

SE

SAGE

State sector

Central administrations

National

Sectional

SE

Pacta

Private sector, excluding manufacturing, agri-food, retail, finance, HORECA

Private firms

National

Sectional

SI

GZS

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

SI

OZS

Private sector

SMEs and crafts

National

Sectional

SI

ZDOPS

Private sector

SMEs and crafts

National

Sectional

SI

ZDS

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

SK

AZZZ SR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

SK

RÚZ SR

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

UK

CBI

Private sector

Private firms

National

Encompassing

UK

CEEP UK

Services of General Interest

Services of General Interest firms

National

Sectional

UK

FSB

Private sector

SMEs

National

Sectional

UK

FPB

Private sector

SMEs

Regional

Sectional

*’Encompassing’ refers to representational domains including either the whole private sector or the whole public sector

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table C2: Employer associations involved in cross-sector industrial relations – role in national cross-industry industrial relations, EU28 (2013)
 

Organisation

CI RD

MS CB

CI CB

Consultation

Tripartite

Bipartite

AT

WKO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

AT

IV

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

AT

VÖWG

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

BE

FEB/VBO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

BE

UCM

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

BE

UNIZO

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

BE

UNISOC

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

BE

UNIPSO

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

BG

BIA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

BG

BICA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

BG

CEIBG

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

BG

BCCI

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

BG

UPEE

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

CY

CCCI

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

CY

OEB

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

CZ

SP ČR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

CZ

KZPS ČR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

CZ

AMSP-ČR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

CZ

HK ČR

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

DE

BDA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

DE

ZDH and UDH

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

DE

bvöd

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

DE

TdL

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

:

:

DE

VKA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

DK

DA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

DK

Moderniseringsstyrelsen

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

DK

KL

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

DK

Danske Regioner

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

DK

HVR

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

EE

ETTK

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

EE

ESIA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

EE

EVEA

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

EE

ECCI

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

EE

ESEA

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

ES

CEOE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

ES

CEPYME

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

ES

CEAT

No

Yes

No

n.a.

:

:

ES

PIMEC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

:

ES

PIMEB

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

:

:

FI

EK

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FI

KT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FI

VTML

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FI

SY/FFE

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

FI

KiT

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FR

MEDEF

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FR

CGPME

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FR

UPA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

FR

UNAPL

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

FR

APCMA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

FR

CEEP France

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

EL

SEV

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

EL

GSEVEE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

EL

KEDEO

No

No

No

No

:

:

HR

HUP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

HR

HOK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

HU

ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

HU

KISZOSZ

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

HU

OKISZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

HU

IPOSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

HU

MGYOSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

HU

STRATOSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

HU

VOSZ

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

IE

IBEC

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

IE

SFA

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

IE

ISME

Yes

No

No

No

:

:

IT

Aran

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

:

:

IT

Confindustria

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Confapi

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

IT

Confesercenti

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Confcommercio

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

IT

Confartigianato

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Cna

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Claai

Yes

Yes

Yes

n.a.

:

:

IT

Casartigiani

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Agci

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

IT

Legacoop

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Confcooperative

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

IT

Unci

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

:

:

IT

Federterziario

Yes

Yes

No

n.a.

:

:

IT

Confservizi

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

LT

LPK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LT

LVDK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LT

LPPARA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LU

UEL

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LU

Fedil

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LU

FDA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LU

CDM

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

LV

LDDK

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

LV

LAK

Yes

No

No

No

:

:

LU

clc

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

MT

MEA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

MT

MCCEI

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

MT

GRTU

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

NL

VNO-NCW

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

NL

MKB-Nederland

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

NL

VNG

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

PL

PKPP-Lewiatan

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PL

Pracodawcy RP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PL

ZP BCC

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PL

ZRP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PT

CIP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PT

CCP

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

PT

CEEP-Portugal

Yes

No

No

No

:

:

PT

AIP-CCI

Yes

Yes

No

No

:

:

RO

PR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

UGIR 1903

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CONPIROM

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

UNPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CNPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

ACPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CNIPMMR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

UGIR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CoNPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

PNR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CPISC

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

UNPCPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

CP CONCORDIA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

RO

FNPSPR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

SE

Svenskt Näringsliv

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

SE

Företagarna

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

SE

SALAR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

SE

KFS

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

SE

SAGE

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

SE

Fastigo

No

No

No

No

:

:

SE

Pacta

Yes

Yes

No

No

:

:

SI

GZS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SI

OZS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SI

ZDOPS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SI

ZDS

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

SK

AZZZ SR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

SK

RÚZ SR

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

UK

CBI

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

UK

CEEP UK

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

UK

FSB

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

UK

FPB

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Notes: CI RD = Cross-industry representational domain; the employer association represents firms in at least two sectors or more;

MS CB = multi sector collective bargaining; the employer association takes part directly or through its affiliates in collective bargaining in at least two sectors or more;

CI CB = cross-industry collective bargaining; the employer association participates directly in cross-industry collective bargaining

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table C3: Employer associations involved in cross-sector industrial relations – type of membership and members, EU28 (2013)
 

Organisation

Membership

Member firms

Employees

covered

EU affiliations

AT

WKO

Mandatory

439,477

2,257,417

UEAPME, Eurochambres

AT

IV

Voluntary

4,200

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

AT

VÖWG

Voluntary

110

100,000

CEEP

BE

FEB/VBO

Voluntary

50,000

2,000,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

BE

UCM

Voluntary

70,000

n.a.

UEAPME

BE

UNIZO

Voluntary

87,500

n.a.

UEAPME

BE

UNISOC

Voluntary

27,428

659,454

CEEP

BE

UNIPSO

Voluntary

9,000

190,000

CEEP

BG

BIA

Voluntary

13,082

644,723

BUSINESSEUROPE

BG

BICA

Voluntary

6,616

335,085

CEEP

BG

CEIBG

Voluntary

5,336

504,984

None

BG

BCCI

Voluntary

21,977

665,714

AECCI

BG

UPEE

Voluntary

4,646

152,840

UEAPME

CY

CCCI

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME, Eurochambres, Eurocommerce

CY

OEB

Voluntary

6,000

130,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

CZ

SP ČR

Voluntary

1,550

800,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

CZ

KZPS ČR

Voluntary

23,000

982,000

None

CZ

AMSP-ČR

Voluntary

254,000

240,000

None (formerly UEAPME, affiliation terminated as for 31/12/2012)

CZ

HK ČR

Voluntary

14,000

n.a.

None (formerly UEAPME, affiliation terminated as for 31/12/2012)

DE

BDA

Voluntary

1,000,000

20,000,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

DE

ZDH and UDH

Voluntary

1,150,000

5,100,000

UEAPME

DE

bvöd

Voluntary

6,000

500,000

CEEP

DE

TdL

Voluntary

15

750,000

CEEP

DE

VKA

Voluntary

100,000

2,280,000

CEEP

DK

DA

Voluntary

25,000

771,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

DK

Moderniseringsstyrelsen

Mandatory

1,400

184,000

CEEP

DK

KL

Mandatory

98

524,000

CEEP, CEMR, CLRAE

DK

Danske Regioner

Mandatory

5

139,000

CEEP, CEMR, CLRAE, HOPE, HOSPEEM, Council of Europe (Local and Regional Authorities)

DK

HVR

Voluntary

20,000

n.a.

UEAPME

EE

ETTK

Voluntary

1,500

145,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

EE

ESIA

Voluntary

200

14,000

None

EE

EVEA

Voluntary

1,000

n.a.

UEAPME

EE

ECCI

Voluntary

3,200

n.a.

n.a.

EE

ESEA

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

ES

CEOE

Voluntary

1,200,000

12,000,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

ES

CEPYME

Voluntary

1,200,000

n.a.

UEAPME

ES

CEAT

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

ES

PIMEC

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

ES

PIMEB

Voluntary

8,920

37,353

UEAPME

FI

EK

Voluntary

16,000

950,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

FI

KT

Mandatory

481

441,000

CEEP, CEMR-EP, HOSPEEM, EFEE

FI

VTML

Mandatory

140

83,000

CEEP, Nordic Council

FI

SY/FFE

Voluntary

115,000

450,000

UEAPME

FI

KiT

Mandatory

300

21,000

CEEP

FR

MEDEF

Voluntary

780,000

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

FR

CGPME

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

FR

UPA

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

FR

UNAPL

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

CEPLIS

FR

APCMA

Mandatory

1,069,000

3,100,000

UEAPME

FR

CEEP France

Voluntary

32

n.a.

CEEP

EL

SEV

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

EL

GSEVEE

Voluntary

120,000

250,000

UEAPME

EL

KEDEO

Voluntary

31

n.a.

CEEP

HR

HUP

Voluntary

5,584

394,739

BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME

HR

HOK

Mandatory

83,714

188,871

UEAPME

HU

ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ

Voluntary

8,300

n.a.

Eurocoop

HU

KISZOSZ

Voluntary

40,000

250,000

UEAPME

HU

OKISZ

Voluntary

1,951

27,415

UEAPME

HU

IPOSZ

Voluntary

60,000

200,000

UEAPME

HU

MGYOSZ

Voluntary

6,000

1,200,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

HU

STRATOSZ

Voluntary

10,000

100,000

CEEP

HU

VOSZ

Voluntary

53,000

n.a.

Eurocommerce

IE

IBEC

Voluntary

7,500

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

IE

SFA

Voluntary

8,000

n.a.

UEAPME

IE

ISME

Voluntary

8,750

n.a.

UEAPME

IT

Aran

Mandatory

20,000

2,700,000

CEEP, EFEE, HOSPEEM

IT

Confindustria

Voluntary

149,288

5,516,975

BUSINESSEUROPE

IT

Confapi

Voluntary

120,000

2,300,000

UEAPME

IT

Confesercenti

Voluntary

352,666

600,000

UEAPME

IT

Confcommercio

Voluntary

700,000

2,800,000

Eurocommerce

IT

Confartigianato

Voluntary

700,000

n.a.

UEAPME

IT

Cna

Voluntary

371,000

2,000,000

UEAPME

IT

Claai

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Casartigiani

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Agci

Voluntary

7,832

91,000

Cooperatives Europe, CECOP

IT

Legacoop

Voluntary

15,000

n.a.

Cooperatives Europe, CECOP

IT

Confcooperative

Voluntary

20,358

544,400

Cooperatives Europe, CECOP

IT

Unci

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Federterziario

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

IT

Confservizi

Voluntary

843

189,000

CEEP

LT

LPK

Voluntary

2,105

169,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

LT

LVDK

Voluntary

1,800

n.a.

UEAPME

LT

LPPARA

Voluntary

1,500

132,000

Eurochambres

LU

UEL

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

Not applicable*

LU

Fedil

Voluntary

550

110,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

LU

FDA

Voluntary

2,700

n.a.

UEAPME

LU

CDM

Mandatory

6,000

80,000

UEAPME

LU

clc

Voluntary

11,000

60,000

None

LV

LDDK

Voluntary

5,000

255,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

LV

LAK

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

MT

MEA

Voluntary

400

50,000

CEEP

MT

MCCEI

Voluntary

1,300

35,000

BUSINESSEUROPE, Eurochambres

MT

GRTU

Voluntary

7,973

n.a.

UEAPME

NL

VNO-NCW

Voluntary

115,000

4,300,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

NL

MKB-Nederland

Voluntary

150,000

n.a.

UEAPME

NL

VNG

Voluntary

508

170,000

CEEP, CEMR

PL

PKPP-Lewiatan

Voluntary

3,700

750,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

PL

Pracodawcy RP

Voluntary

7,500

4,000,000

CEEP

PL

ZP BCC

Voluntary

716

353,804

None

PL

ZRP

Voluntary

n.a.

700,000

UEAPME

PT

CIP

Voluntary

80,000

1,000,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

PT

CCP

Voluntary

200,000

1,200,000

Eurocommerce

PT

CEEP-Portugal

Voluntary

30

n.a.

CEEP

PT

AIP-CCI

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME

RO

PR

Voluntary

2,329

303,431

None

RO

UGIR 1903

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

CEEP

RO

CONPIROM

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

UNPR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None (formerly partner of SME Union, now disbanded)

RO

CNPR

Voluntary

6,513

n.a.

None

RO

ACPR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

RO

CNIPMMR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

UEAPME

RO

UGIR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

CoNPR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

PNR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

CPISC

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

UNPCPR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

CP CONCORDIA

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

None

RO

FNPSPR

Voluntary

n.a.

n.a.

CEEP

SE

Svenskt Näringsliv

Voluntary

60,000

1,700,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

SE

Företagarna

Voluntary

70,000

320,000

UEAPME

SE

SALAR

Voluntary

310

1,000,000

CEEP, CEMR-EP, HOSPEEM, EFEE

SE

KFS

Voluntary

578

32,300

CEEP

SE

SAGE

Mandatory

250

250,000

CEEP, EFEE

SE

Pacta

Voluntary

590

52,000

CEEP

SI

GZS

Voluntary

9,600

200,000

Eurochambres

SI

OZS

Voluntary

51,651

96,880

UEAPME

SI

ZDOPS

Voluntary

20,000

97,000

None

SI

ZDS

Voluntary

1,400

n.a.

BUSINESSEUROPE

SK

AZZZ SR

Voluntary

5,000

330,000

None

SK

RÚZ SR

Voluntary

1,300

230,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

UK

CBI

Voluntary

240,000

7,000,000

BUSINESSEUROPE

UK

CEEP UK

Voluntary

22

5,000,000

CEEP

UK

FSB

Voluntary

200,000

1,120,000

European Small Business Alliance

UK

FPB

Voluntary

18,000

150,000

None (formerly part of UEAPME)

Note: *Since June 2000, UEL has included a number of employer associations covering the private sector including clc, Fedil, FDA and CDM. The other members of UEL are sectoral organisations (Association des Banques et Banquiers Luxembourg, ABBL; Association des Compagnies d’Assurances, A.C.A; Fédération Nationale des Hôteliers, Restaurateurs et Cafetiers du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (Horesca) and the Chamber of Commerce. UEL is involved in cross-industry social dialogue and can sign agreements at cross-industry level, including transposition of European Directives and European framework agreements signed by the EU-level social partners. For instance, UEL signed cross-industry agreements on harassment and violence at work (2009), on telework (2011) and on inclusive labour markets (2012)

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table D1: Cross-industry collective bargaining, EU28 (2013)

 

Private sector

Public sector

Economy-wide

Notes

AT

Rare. Signatories: WKO and OGB. Framework agreements. Signatories: sectoral sections of WKO and union federations

 

 

National general agreements (Generalkollektivverträge) can be concluded on very specific issues between the WKO and the OGB. They are extremely rare and they concern very important issues, for instance, the reduction of the working week to 40 hours in 1969 or the calculation of vacation pay upon the implementation of the Holiday Act in 1978). They cover in practice all of the private sector. In addition, framework agreements (Rahmenkollektivverträge) can be signed at intersectoral level for sectors with large similarities, for instance for the whole manufacturing sector, and they set basic terms of employment which can then be supplemented and specified by industry level deals (Zusatzkollektivverträge). However, they are signed by the sectoral union federations and the WKO subsections, rather than by the peak organisations directly

BE

Biennial negotiations on wage issues. Signatories: FEB/VBO, Boerenbond, and CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC/ACV

No

No

Every two years, social partners negotiate the cross-sectoral agreements in which, wage issues are discussed. The Government implements it within the Belgian law. The latest cross-sectoral negotiations for 2011-2012 failed and no agreement was reached between the parties. As a consequence, the government proceeded unilaterally, by taking into considerations the Social Partners' positions emerged during the negotiations

BG

Minimum wages are negotiate annually within the NTC, but the final decision pertains to the government

No

No

Minimum wages are negotiate annually within the NTC, but the final decision pertains to the government

DE

No

Yes, in the public sector. Signatories: VKA and ver.di and Dbb Tarifunion; TdL and ver.di, GEW, GdP, Dbb Tarifiunion (federal states except Hesse covered by a separate agreement)

No

 

DK

No

Yes, in the public sector. KTO is a bargaining association made prevalently of unions affiliated to FTF and some independent organisations, including LH. Signatories: Moderniseringsstyrelsen and CFU (State); KL and KTO, KL and Sundhedskartellet (Local administrations); Danish Regions and KTO, AC, SHK, and FOA (Regions); Moderniseringsstyrelsen, KL, Danish Regions and AC (Academic graduates)

No

 

EE

Yes, on minimum wage. Signatories: ETTK and EAKL

Yes, on minimum wage. Signatories: TALO and The Ministry of Culture (for culture workers)

 

The National minimum wage agreement is signed annually since 1992. Culture workers are covered by an additional agreement since 2011

ES

Yes. Signatories: CEOE, CEPYME, CCOO and UGT

Yes, in the public sector. Signatories: The government, CCOO, UGT and CSI-F

 

General framework agreements signed since 2010 for the whole private sector which include wage guidelines. Both national and territorial (comunidades). Territorial agreements are on qualitative elements and must respect national ones. Public sector agreements are inter-sectoral as they cover multiple NACE sectors

FI

Yes. Signatories: EK, KT, VTML, KiT and SAK, STTK, AKAVA

 

 

The central framework agreement (FA) covers almost the whole Finnish economy (some 94% of employees). Construction is excluded

FR

Yes. Signatories include: CGT, FO, CFDT, CFTC, CFE-CGC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

 

 

National agreements on different issues: sécurisation professionnelle (2011), supplementary pensions (2011), generation contract (2012), partial unemployment (2012). Bargaining parties vary with the different agreement

EL

Yes.National General Collective Agreement (NGCA, or EGSEE). Since 2013, the wage conditions set in the NGCA cover only the signatory parties, whereas the non-wage elements cover all workers. SEV did not sign the 2013 agreement and does not consider it as a National General Collective Agreement. SEV was party to the former NGCAs.Signatories: GSEE, GSEVEE, ESEE, SETE

 

 

Since 2013, a new law introduced legal minimum wages which apply to workers not covered by the NGCA The legal minimum wage is set by the government after consultation with the social partners.

HR

 

Yes. Signatories: Government and trade unions

 

General Collective Agreement for Employees in the Public Service 2012-2016

HU

Yes. Signatories: AMSZ, ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ, IPOSZ, KISOSZ, OKISZ, MOSZ, MGYOSZ, STRATOSZ, VOSZ, ASZSZ, ÉSZT, LIGA, MSZOSZ, Munkástanácsok, SZEF

 

 

Agreement on minimum wages

IE

 

Public service agreement 2010-2014. Parties: ICTU, the Government, Public sector management

 

 

IT

Yes. Signatories: Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Ugl, Cisal, Confsal, Sin.Pa, Confindustria, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Confapi, Confservizi, Confetra, Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Claai, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, Cia, Confcooperative, Agci, CIU Unionquadri, Confail, Confprofessioni

Yes. Signatories: Aran, Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Cida, Cisal, Confsal, Rdb Cub (Usb), Confedir, Usae

Yes. Signatories include for the private sector: Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Confindustria, Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Claai, Confapi, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Legacoop, Confcooperative, Unci, Agci, CIU Unionquadri, Confedir; for the public sector: Aran, Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Cida, Cisal, Confsal, Rdb Cub (Usb), Confedir, Usae

An economy-wide agreement was signed in January 2009 experimental reform of the bargaining structure. Different intersectoral deals were signed on various issues, such as the application of the collective bargaining reform, representativeness (2011 and 2013), and productivity (2012). Signatories vary according to the sectors involved (See Table D2 for details)

LU

Yes. Signatories: UEL, LCGB, OGBL

No

No

The agreements can concern the definition of specific rules on employment relations or the transposition of European directives as well as the implementation of European voluntary agreements: framework agreement on inclusive labour markets (2012), Agreement on telework (2011), Agreement on harassment and violence at work (2009), Agreement on individual access to continuing vocational training (2003)

LV

Yes. Signatories: LDDK, LBAS, the Government (social partnership); LDDK, LBAS (competitiveness and social peace)

 

Yes. Signatories: LDDK, LBAS, the Government

Agreements on socio-economic partnership (2004), on cooperation in creating favourable economic environment and social peace (2011), on minimum wages (but in this case the final decision is in the hands of the Government)

MT

 

Yes. Signatories: Government, GWU, MUMN, MAM, MUPP, MUT, UHM, UPISP

 

Agreement for the public sector (2011-2016)

SI

Yes. Signatories for minimum wages: Government; Trade unions: ZSSS, KSJS, Pergam, Konfederacija90, KNSS, Solidarnost, SZS Alternativa; Employers: GZS, OZS, ZDS, TZS and ZDOPS. Signatories for SMEs: ZSSS and ZDOPS, SODS-ZSSS and PTZ-GZS

Yes. Signatories: Government and 21 trade unions

 

Agreement on minimum wage; Intersectoral agreement for civil service; Intersectoral agreements for SMEs

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table D2: Cross-industry collective bargaining – list of agreements, EU28 (2013)
 

Type

Name and years covered)

National/Territorial

Covered sectors, occupations, undertakings

Bargaining parties

Number of employees covered

BE

Economy-wide

Cross-sectoral framework agreements

National

All sectors

FEB /VBO, Boerenbond, CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC/ACV

All employees

DE

Inter-sectoral

TVöD

National

Municipalities. Public administration; air ports, waste disposal care facilities, hospitals, social and educational services, savings banks are covered by TVöD supplements

VKA, ver.di, German Teachers’ Union, Dbb Tarifunion

2,017,000 employees at municipal level

DE

Inter-sectoral

TV-L

Federal states (Bundeslaender) apart from Hesse and Berlin, which are covered by special agreements (TV-B, TV-H)

Public employees; teachers and employees in care services are covered by special agreements

TdL, ver.di, GEW, GdP, Dbb Tarifunion

700,000

DK

Inter-sector

CFU forling 2011-2013 (State Agreement)

National

State sector: central administration, police, defence, judicial system, Labour Court, universities, etc.

Moderniseringsstyrelsen i.e. the state employer’s authority under the Ministry of Finance and the Danish Central Federation of State Employees’ Organisations, CFU

184,000

DK

Inter-sector

KTO forling 2011-2013 (Local government agreement)

National

Local government sector: municipal primary and lower secondary school, health care, social services, administration, local railways etc.

Local Government Denmark, KL, and the Association of Local Government Employees' Organisations, KTO (including LH), and KL and the Health Cartel (Sundhedskartellet) – consisting of 11 unions in the health care sector, not members of KTO

524,000

DK

Inter-sector

Generelt forling 2011-2013 (Regional agreement)

National

Regional sector: hospitals, special education, environment, etc.

Danish Regions and KTO, AC, SHK and FOA

139,000

DK

Inter-sector

AC-fællesoverenskomst i staten, i kommunerne og i regionerne 2011-2013 (Three joint, but individual, academic agreements in the state, local government and the regions respectively negotiated by AC on behalf of the member organisations)

National

State sector, Local government, Regions

Moderniseringsstyrelsen and AC, KL and AC, Danish Regions and AC

86,000

EE

Economy wide

National minimum wage agreement (annually set since 1992)

national

All sectors

ETTK and EAKL

557,700 employees

EE

Inter-sectoral

National minimum wage agreement for culture workers (since 2001)

national

All sectors

TALO and The Ministry of Culture

n.a

ES

Economy-wide

National agreement for employment and collective bargaining 2012-2014

National

All employees covered by a collective agreement should be covered

CEOE, CEPYME, CCOO and UGT

9,005,222

ES

Inter-sector within public administration

Agreement for the public workers

National

All public workers

The government, CCOO, UGT and CSI-F

 

FI

Centralised national agreement, 25-month

Framework Agreement (FA)

National

FA is covering almost all sectors (the construction sector is outside the FA); it is economy-wide agreement

The Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK); KT Local government employers; State Employer’s Office, (VTML) and Church Employers (Kirkon työmarkkinalaitos, KiT; the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK); the Finnish Confederation of Professionals (STTK) and the Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland (AKAVA)

FA is covering about 94% of Finnish employees

FR

Economy wide

For a new economic and social model for the competitiveness of business and securing employment and career paths of employees – January, 2013

National

Private sector

CFDT, CFTC, CFE-CGC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

All employees, but this agreement shall be implemented by law to be generally binding

FR

Economy wide

National agreement of 31 May 2011 relating to the contract for securing careers (‘contrat de sécurisation professionnelle’)

National

Private sector

CGT, FO, CFDT, CFTC, CFE-CGC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

All employees

FR

Economy wide

National agreement on partial unemployment of January 13, 2012

National

Private sector

FO, CFDT, CFTC, CFE-CGC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

All employees

FR

Economy wide

National agreement on supplementary pensions of March 18, 2011

National

Private sector

CFDT, CFTC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

All employees

FR

Economy wide

National agreement on the ‘contract of generation’ of October 19, 2012

National

Private sector

CGT, FO, CFDT, CFTC, CFE-CGC, MEDEF, CGPME, UPA

All employees

EL

Economy wide

NGCA (National General Collective Agreement) for 2010-2012

National

All sectors, undertakings

GSEE, SEV, GSEVEE, ESEE

All employees

EL

Economy wide

NGCA (National General Collective Agreement) of May 14, 2013

National

All sectors, undertakings

GSEE, GSEVEE, ESEE, SETE

For wages, only the signatory parties; for non-wage conditions, all employees of affiliated signatory parties

HR

Inter-sectoral

General Collective Agreement for Employees in Public Services, 2012-2016

The collective agreement is being implemented on the whole territory of Croatia

Public service – health service, culture, social welfare, primary /secondary /higher education and science, state and local officials and employees

Croatian Government and trade unions (Autonomous Trade Union in Health Service and Social Protection Service of Croatia, Croatian Union of Employees in Culture, Union of Employees in Social Welfare of Croatia, Croatian Doctor's Union, Independent Union of Employees in Croatian Health Insurance, Trade Union of State and Local Government Employees of Croatia

185,000

HU

Economy wide

Agreement on minimum wages, 2011

National

All sectors, undertakings

AMSZ, ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ, IPOSZ, KISOSZ, OKISZ, MOSZ, MGYOSZ, STRATOSZ, VOSZ, ASZSZ, ÉSZT, LIGA, MSZOSZ, Munkástanácsok, SZEF

All employees

HU

Economy wide

Wage increase agreed in VKF, but government has not decided it yet

National

All sectors, undertakings

MGYOSZ, ÁFÉOSZ, VOSZ, LIGA, MSZOSZ, Munkástanácsok

All employees

IE

Inter-sectoral

Public Service Agreement 2010-2014

National

Public sector

Irish Congress of Trade Unions (Public Services Committee), Government, Public sector management

Circa 380,000

IT

Inter-sector

Programmatic guidelines for the growth of competitiveness and productivity in Italy, 16 November 2012

National

Private sector

Cisl, Uil, Ugl, Confindustria, Abi, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Claai

All private employees

IT

Inter-sector

National framework agreements for public administration (2007-2008)

National

Public sector

Aran, Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Cida, Cisal, Confsal, Rdb Cub (Usb), Confedir, Usae

3,400,000

IT

Inter-sector

Cross-sector on representativeness, 28 June 2011 and 31 May 2013

National

Private sector

Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Confindustria

5,000,000

IT

Economy wide

Agreement on collective bargaining reform, 22 January 2009.

Implemented in the public sector through the agreement of 30 April 2009)

National

All sectors

Cisl, Uil, Ugl, Cisal, Confsal, Sin.Pa, Confindustria, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Confapi, Confservizi, Confetra, Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Claai, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, Cia, Confcooperative, Agci, CIU Unionquadri, Confail, Confprofessioni

For the implementation in the public sector: Cisl, Uil, Cida, Cisal, Confedir, Confsal, Ugl, Usae

All employees

IT

Inter-sector

New bargaining system for artisans, 21 November 2008

National

Artisan sector

Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Claai, Cisl, Uil

1,600,000

IT

Inter-sector

Protocol regarding wage and employment policy, the bargaining system, labour policies and support of the production system, 23 July 1993

National

Private sector

Confindustria, Confapi, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Legacoop, Confcooperative, Cna, Casa, Claai, Confartigianato, Unci, Agci, Cgil, Cisl Uil, Cida, Unionquadri (ora CIU Unionquadri), Confedir

All private employees

LU

Inter-sector

Agreement on inclusive labour markets (Accord-cadre sur les marchés de travail inclusifs), 15 February 2012

National

Private sector

UEL, LCGB, OGBL

All private employees

LU

Inter-sector

Agreement on telework (Convention relative au régime juridique du télétravail), 15 July 2011

National

Private sector

UEL, LCGB, OGBL

All private employees

LU

Inter-sector

Agreement on harassment and violence at the workplace (Convention-cadre relative au harcèlement et à la violence au travail), 25 June 2009

National

Private sector

UEL, LCGB, OGBL

All private employees

LU

Inter-sector

Agreement on the access to professional training, Convention relative à l’accès individuel à la formation professionnelle continue, 2 May 2003

National

Private sector

UEL, LCGB, OGBL

All private employees

LV

Economy wide

Tripartite agreement on socio-economic partnership, (concluded on 1 October 2004)

National

All sectors, occupations and undertakings

LDDK, LBAS, Government

All employees

LV

Economy wide

Agreement on cooperation in creation of favourable economic environment and social peace (general approach), August 2011

National

All sectors, occupations and undertakings

LDDK, LBAS

All employees

LV

Economy wide

Agreement on minimum wage in frameworks of national level social dialogue at NTSP (annual)

National

All sectors, occupations and undertakings

LDDK, LBAS, Government

All employees

MT

Inter -sector

Collective Agreement for the Public sector, 2011-2016

National

Public Service

Government, General Workers Union (GWU), Malta Union of Midwives and Nurses (MUMN),Medical Association of Malta (MAM), Malta Union of Professional Psychologists (MUPP), Malta Union of Teachers (MUT), Malta Workers' Union (UHM),Union of Public Services Architects and Engineers (UPISP)

38,948

SI

Economy wide

Law on minimum wage 2010

National

All

Government; Trade unions: ZSSS, KSJS, Pergam, Konfederacija90, KNSS, Solidarnost, SZS Alternativa; Employers: GZS, OZS, ZDS, TZS and ZDOPS

About 800,000

SI

Inter-sectoral

Civil service in Slovenia is covered by the intersectoral Collective Agreement for the Public Sector, concluded in June 2008.

National

All civil services in Slovenia are covered by the intersectoral Collective Agreement for the Public Sector and 7 sectoral collective agreements

Government (Minister of Public Administration, MJU, and Minister of Finance, MF).and 21 trade unions: Police Trade Union of Slovenia (PSS),Trade Union of Customs Officials of Slovenia (SCS), Trade Union of the Government Agency of Slovenia (SVAS),Trade Union of State and Societal Bodies of Slovenia (SDDO), Trade Union of Health and Social Services of Slovenia (SZSVS), Trade Union of Health and Social Welfare (SZSSS), Social Insurance Trade Union (SSZS), Nursing Workers’ Trade Union of Slovenia (SDZNS), Trade Union of Justice Workers (SDP), Trade Union of Doctors and Dentists of Slovenia (FIDES), Trade Union of Culture of Slovenia (GLOSA), Association of Trade Unions in Health-Pergam, Trade Union of Professional Fireman of Slovenia (SPGS), Union of Pharmacists of Slovenia (SIFARM), Slovenian Union of Journalists (SNS), Union of Cultural and Artistic Creators of RTV Slovenia (SKUU RTVS), The Trade Union of Laboratory Medicine of Slovenia (SILMES), Trade Union of Veterinaries of Slovenia- KNSS, Trade Union of Social Work Centres-Pergam, Trade Union Confederation KS 90 and Union of Emitters of Slovenia (SSS)

All employees

SI

SME

The Collective Agreement for Craft and Business

National

Different activities, services, production, craft and business

ZDOPS, ZSSS

About 97,000

SI

SME

The Collective Agreement between Workers and Small Companies

National

80 different activities commerce, production, services and other activities

PTZ-GZS, SODS-ZSSS

About 40,000

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table E1: Cross-industry social dialogue at national level, EU28 (2013)
 

Name of body and scope of activity

Bipartite/Tripartite

Trade unions

Employer association

BE

Labour National Council (Conseil National du Travail - CNT/ Nationale Aarbeidsraad - NAR)

Bipartite

CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC /ACV

FEB /VBO),UNIZO (Flanders) and UCM (Wallonia), Boerenbond

BE

Central Economic Council ( Conseil Central de l’Economie - CCE / Centrale Raad voor het Bedrijfsleven - CRB)

Bipartite

CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC /ACV , FEBECOOP + ARCOFIN

FEB /VBO,UNIZO (Flanders) and UCM (Wallonia), Boerenbond, National Federation of Board of Trade and Industry in Belgium, Walloon Federation of Agriculture, Fédération Wallonne de l’agriculture, Het Boerenfront, UNISOC, Belgian Regal Company of Forest

BE

Group of Ten (Groupe des dix / Groep van Tien)

Bipartite

CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC /ACV

FEB /VBO,UNIZO (Flanders) and UCM (Wallonia), Boerenbond and the Walloon Federation of Agriculture

BE

High Health and Safety Committee (Conseil Supérieur pour la Prévention et la Protection au Travail – CSPPT/ Hoge Raad voor Preventie en Bescherming op het Werk – HRPBW)

Bipartite

CGSLB/ACLVB, FGTB/ABVV, CSC /ACV

FEB /VBO,UNIZO (Flanders) and UCM (Wallonia), Boerenbond and the UNISOC

BG

National Council for Tripartite Cooperation – labour and social security legislation, industrial relation regulation, wages and incomes and living standards, budget policy

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

BG

National Council for Employment – discuses National Plans for Employment and measures for increasing employment

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

BG

National Council for Vocational Education - discuss legislation and issues on vocational educations

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

BG

National Council for Lifelong Learning - discuss legislation and issues on lifelong learning

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

BG

National Council for Health and Safety in Work - discuss legislation on health and safety

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

BG

National Council for Gender Equality - discuss issues on gender equality

Tripartite

CITUB, Podkrepa CL

BIA, CEIBG, BICA, BCCI

CY

Labour Advisory Board (LAB)

Tripartite

DEOK, PEO, SEK

CCCI, OEB

CY

Social Insurance Council

Tripartite

DEOK, PEO, SEK, PASYDY

CCCI, OEB

CY

Occupational Pension Council

Tripartite

DEOK, PEO, SEK

CCCI, OEB

CY

National Council on Health and Safety

Tripartite

DEOK, PEO, SEK

CCCI, OEB

CY

National Council for Disabilities

Tripartite

DEOK, PEO, SEK

CCCI, OEB

CZ

Council of Economic and Social Agreement of the Czech Republic (Rada hospodářské a sociální dohody ČR, RHSD ČR)

Tripartite

ČMKOS, ASO ČR

SP ČR, KZPS ČR

CZ

The Government Council for Safety, Hygiene and Health at Work (Rada vlády pro ochranu zdraví při práci)

Tripartite

ČMKOS, ASO ČR

SP ČR, KZPS ČR

CZ

Government Council for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men (Rada vlády pro rovné příležitosti žen a mužů)

Tripartite

ČMKOS, ASO ČR

SP ČR, KZPS ČR

CZ

Government Council for Seniors and Population Ageing (Rada vlády pro seniory a stárnutí populace)

Tripartite

ČMKOS, ASO ČR

SP ČR, KZPS ČR

DE

Committee on recommending the introduction of minimum wages at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (para. 2 of the Act on Minimum Working Standards)

Tripartite

n.a.

n.a.

DE

Committee on the extension on collective agreements at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Tripartite

n.a.

n.a.

DK

Beskæftigelsesrådet (BER), The National Employment Council

Tripartite

LO, FTF, AC, LH, Disabled Peoples Organisations Denmark (an NGO)

DA, KL

DK

Arbejdsmiljørådet, The Danish Working Environment Council

Tripartite

LO, FTF, AC, LH

DA, The Employers’ Association for the Financial Sector (FA), KL, Danske Regioner, Moderniseringsstyrelsen (Ministry of Finance)

DK

Rådet for Voksen- og Efteruddannelse (VEU-rådet), Council for continuing vocational training)

Tripartite

LO, FTF

DA, KL, Danske Regioner, Moderniseringsstyrelsen (Ministry of Finance)

DK

Det Økonomiske Råd, The Economic Council

Tripartite

LO, FTF, AC

DA, the Federation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, HVR

ES

Social and Economic Council

Tripartite

CCOO, UGT, ELA-STV and CIG

CEOE and CEPYME

ES

Council of the National Employment System

Tripartite

CCOO, UGT, ELA-STV and CIG

CEOE

ES

General Council of Vocational Training

Tripartite

CCOO and UGT

CEOE

ES

National Commission on Collective Bargaining

Tripartite

CCOO, UGT, ELA-STV and CIG

CEOE, CEPYME

FI

The Economic Council of Finland

Tripartite

SAK, STTK, AKAVA

EK, KT, VTML, KiT,

FI

Joint Round Table of Productivity

Tripartite

SAK, STTK, AKAVA

EK, KT, VTML, KiT, FFE, MTK

FI

Information Committee on Cost and Income Developments

Tripartite

SAK, STTK, AKAVA

EK, KT, VTML, KiT

FI

Joint Round Table of Equality

Tripartite

SAK, STTK, AKAVA

EK, KT, VTML, KiT

FR

National Collective Bargaining Commission (Commission nationale de la négociation collective, CNNC) for reforms concerning industrial relations

Tripartite

CGT, CFDT, FO, CFE-CGC, CFTC

MEDEF, CGPME, UPA, FNSEA, CNMCA, UNAPL

FR

National Employment Committee (Comité national de l’emploi, CNE) for reforms in relation to employment

Tripartite

CGT, CFDT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC

MEDEF, CGPME, UPA, UNAPL, FNSEA

FR

National Council for Lifelong Vocational Training (Conseil national de la formation professionnelle tout au long de la vie, CNFPTLV) for reforms with regard to training

Tripartite

CGT, CFDT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC

MEDEF, CGPME, UPA, UNAPL, FNSEA

FR

High Council of Social dialogue (Haut conseil du dialogue social). Its mission is to adopt every four years the list of the representative trade unions at national and cross-sector level. It is also responsible for submitting to the Minister of Labour the lessons it draws from the application of the Act to amending the trade union representativeness

Tripartite

CGT, CFDT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC

MEDEF, CGPME, UPA, UNAPL, FNSEA

FR

Comité de Dialogue Social pour les questions Européennes et Internationales (CDSEI)

Tripartite

CGT, CFDT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC

MEDEF, CGPME, UPA, UNAPL, FNSEA, CEEP FR

EL

National Committee of Social Dialogue

Tripartite

GSEE

SEV, ESEE, GSEVEE, SETE

EL

National Committee of Social Security

Tripartite

GSEE

SEV, ESEE, GSEVEE, SETE

EL

National Committee of Employment

Tripartite

GSEE

SEV, ESEE, GSEVEE, SETE

EL

Economic and Social Council of Greece (OKE)

Bipartite (consultative social representation)

GSEE, ADEDY

SEV, ESEE, GSEVEE, SETE

HR

Economic and Social Council. Advisory body on economic policy, prices and salaries, employment, pension and health insurance, education, safety at work, collective bargaining, labour law, labour disputes and all other issues of interest of social partners

Tripartite

NHS, SSSH, MATICA, HUS, URSH

CEA

HR

National Council for Protection at Work (advises Government on protection at work)

tripartite

NHS, SSSH

CEA

HR

National Competitiveness Council (advises Government on competitiveness)

tripartite

NHS, SSSH, MATICA, HUS, URSH

CEA

HU

VKF. Strengthening co-operation between interest representatives and government, promoting economic development, improving competitiveness, developing business environment, and strengthening social dialogue within the industry

Tripartite

Liga, Munkástanácsok, MSZOSZ

VOSZ, MGYOSZ, ÁFEOSZ-KÉSZ

HU

National Interest Reconciliation Council of the Public Sector (Országos Közszolgálati Érdekegyeztető Tanács, OKÉT)

Tripartite

The national trade union confederations representing mainly public servants in several areas and professions of the public sector working related to legal relations and uniting several sectoral or professional unions (trade union federation) having the right to participate in the national reconciliation (SZEF, ÉSZT, FRDÉSz are regular members ; MSZOSZ, Liga have the status of regular guest)

The national interest representatives of local governments

IE

Labour Relations Commission (LRC). The mission of the LRC is: ‘To promote the development and improvement of Irish industrial relations policies, procedures and practices through the provision of appropriate, timely and effective services to employers, trade unions and employees’

Tripartite

ICTU

IBEC

IT

National Council for Economic Affairs and Labour (Consiglio Nazionale dell'Economia e del Lavoro, CNEL). Constitutional body for social representations which includes other types of organisations (social ONGs, for instance)

Bipartite

Cgil, Cisl, Uil, Cida, Ciu, Confedir, Confsal, Cub (Usb), Ugl

Confindustria, Confartigianato, Cna, Casartigiani, Confcommercio, Confesercenti, Confcooperative, Legacoop

LT

LRTT – the main national tripartite social dialogue institution

Tripartite

LPSK, LDF, LPS 'Solidarumas'

LPK, LVDK, LPPARA, LRŽŪR

LU

Tripartite Co-ordination Committee (Comité de coordination tripartite)

Tripartite

OGBL, LCGB, CGFP

All sectoral employers associations and employers’ chambers

LU

Comité Permanent du Travail et de l’Emploi (CPTE)

Tripartite

OGBL, LCGB, CGFP

Representatives are proposed by UEL within its members: ABBL (Bankers’ Association), AFA (Insurers’ Association), clc, FDA, Fedil, CDM, Horesca

LU

Conseil Economique et Social (CES)

Tripartite

OGBL, LCGB, CGFP, FGFC (Fédération Générale de la Fonction Communale)

ABBL (Bankers’ Association), AFA (Insurers’ Association), clc, FDA, Fedil, CDM, UEL

LV

National Tripartite Cooperation Council (Nacionālās trīspusējās sadarbības padome, NTSP)

Tripartite

LBAS

LDDK

MT

Malta Council for Economic and Social Development (MCESD). An advisory council that issues opinions and recommendations to the Maltese government on matters of economic and social relevance

Tripartite

GWU, CMTU, ForUM,

MEA, MCCEI, GRTU, MHRA

MT

Employment Relations Board (ERB). Makes recommendations to the Minister responsible for labour as to any national minimum standard conditions of employment for eventual inclusion in a national standard order.

Tripartite

GWU, CMTU, ForUM, UHM,

MEA, GRTU, MHRA

NL

Social Economic Council, Sociaal-Economische Raad, SER advises government, supervises community boards; co-governance and promoting businesses

Tripartite

FNV, CNV, MHP, Union ZZPers

VNO-NCW, MKB-Nederland, LTO-Nederland, Platform ZZPers

NL

Central Labour Foundation, Stichting van de Arbeid, STAR consultation between employers and employees on a daily basis; Recommendations to businesses; bi-annual consultation with government

Bipartite

FNV, CNV, MHP

VNO-NCW, MKB-Nederland, LTO-Nederland

PL

Tripartite Commission for Social and Economic Affairs (Trójstronna Komisja ds. Społeczno Gospodarczych, TK)

Tripartite

NSZZ Solidarnoś, OPZZ, FZZ

BCC, PKPP Lewiatan, Pracodawcy RP, ZRP

PT

CPCS: Standing Committee for Social Concertation (Comissão Permanente de Concertação Social)

Tripartite

CGTP-IN, UGT

CIP, CCP, CTP, CAP

RO

Economic and Social Council (Consiliul Economic şi Social, CES)

Tripartite

All national trade union confederations

All employer organisations representative at national level

RO

National Tripartite Council for Social Dialogue (Consiliul Naţional Tripartit pentru Dialog Social, CNTDS)

Tripartite

All national trade union confederations

All employer organisations representative at national level

RO

National Council of Qualifications (Consiliul Naţional al Calificărilor, CNC) under the aegis of National Authority for Qualifications (Autoritatea Naţională pentru Calificări, ANC)

Tripartite

One representative for all national trade union confederations

One representative for all employer organisations representative at national level

SI

Economic and Social Council. All issues related to the labour market, social security, pensions, health and safety. Specific issues are discuss at ad-hoc established working groups

Tripartite

ZSSS, KSJS,Pergam, Konfederacija90, KNSS, Solidarnost, SZS Alternativa

GZS, ZDS, OZS, ZDOPS, TZS

SI

Competitiveness Council of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia

Bipartite

 

GZS, OZS

SI

Sustainable Development Council

Bipartite

 

ZDOPS

SK

Economic and Social Council (HSR)

Tripartite

KOZ SR

RÚZ SR, AZZZ SR

UK

Health and Safety Executive

Tripartite

TUC

CBI

UK

Low Pay Commission

Tripartite

TUC

CBI

UK

Equality and Human Rights Commission

Tripartite

TUC

CBI

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table F1: Collective bargaining coverage* and structure, extension mechanisms and regulation of representativeness, EU28 (2013)

 

CB coverage rate (%)*

Dominant level

CS CB

Extension

Regulation of representativeness

AT

95

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes

BE

95

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes

BG

33

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes

CY

n.a.

Company

No

No

No

CZ

34

Company

No

Yes

No

DE

Sectoral: 54 (W), 37 (E), company: 7 (W), 11 (E)

Sectoral

No

Yes

No

DK

80

Sectoral

No

No

No

EE

Minimum wages 100, collective bargaining 33

Company

Yes

No, except the minimum wage agreement

No

ES

Overall: 60, Provincial sectoral: 50, National sectoral: 25, Company: 10

Provincial sectoral agreements

Yes

Yes

Yes

FI

90

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

No

FR

Almost 100

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes, only for trade unions

EL

n.a.

Sectoral

Yes

No

Yes, only for trade unions

HR

60 (Public 100, Private 44)

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes, only for trade unions. For employers, concerning consultations on public policies

HU

n.a.

Company

Yes

Yes

Yes, only for collective bargaining

IE

n.a. (public sector 100)

Company

Yes

No

No (but employer associations and unions need to obtain a 'bargaining license')

IT

80 (public sector, approximately 100)

Sectoral

Yes

No

Yes, only for trade unions in the public sector

LT

15-20

Company

No

Yes, but not applied

No

LU

40-60

Sectoral

No

Yes

Yes, only for trade unions

LV

12

Company

Yes

Yes

No

MT

48 (public sector 100, private sector 27)

Company

Yes

No

No

NL

80

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes (established jointly by the social partners within SER)

PL

27

Company

No

Yes, but not applied

Yes

PT

9 (public sector 0, private sector 11)

Sectoral

No

Yes, but since 2012 very limited due to the introduction of 50% threshold for employers’ representativeness

No

RO

70

Sectoral

No

No

Yes

SE

91

Sectoral

Yes

No

No

SI

90 (public sector 100, private sector 80)

Sectoral

Yes

Yes

Yes

SK

30

Sectoral and company, depending on the sector

Yes

Yes

Yes

UK

32

Company

No

No

No

Note: * Adjusted collective bargaining coverage rate: ‘the adjusted rate is defined as the number of employees covered by a collective agreement as a proportion of the number of employees equipped with the right to bargain (ie the total number of employees minus the number of employees excluded from the right to bargain) (Traxler and Beherens (2002) Collective bargaining coverage and extension procedures, available at http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/eiro/2002/12/study/tn0212102s.htm)

Source: EIRO (2013)

Table G1: EUROCADRES – national active members and membership among professional and managerial staff (2013 EUROCADRES Congress figures), EU28 (2013)
 

Formal members actively involved in EUROCADRES

Active federations specifically covering P&M staff

P&M staff members (2013 EUROCADRES Congress figures)

AT

OGB

GPA-djp

204,000

BE

ABVV/FGTB

BBTK-SETCa

53,482

BE

ACLVB-CGSLB

 

32,858

BE

ACV-CSC

LBC-NVK/CNE-GNC

127,160

BG

CITUB

KNSB

n.a.

BG

Podkrepa

 

n.a.

CZ

CMKOS

OS ECHO

 

CZ

CMKOS

OS PKOP

20,000

CZ

CMKOS

OS PVV

 

DE

DGB

Verdi

n.a.

DK

AC

 

145,348

DK

FTF

 

352,800

DK

LO-DK

TL

n.a.

ES

CCOO

PTC-CCOO

150,000

ES

UGT

UTC-UGT

124,197

FI

AKAVA

 

402,519

FI

STTK

 

80,000

FR

CFDT

CFDT Cadres

80,000

FR

CFTC

UGICA CFTC

22,000

FR

CGT

UGICT CGT

42,000

FR

FO

FO Cadres

37,500

FR

FSU (ETUCE)

 

34,000

FR

UNSA

 

40,000

EL

GSEE

OTOE

n.a.

HR

NSZ (ETUCE)

 

n.a.

HR

SZH (ETF)

 

232

HU

ESZT

 

70,000

IE

ICTU

Impact

n.a.

IT

CGIL

Agenquadri

175,126

IT

CISL

 

171,282

IT

FABI (UNI Europa)

 

40,000

IT

UIL

 

160,212

LU

LCGB

 

n.a.

LU

OGBL

 

7,500

MT

GWU

 

353

NL

CNV

 

51,150

NL

FNV

 

179,550

NL

MHP

 

130,000

PL

FZZ Forum

ZZIT

2,000

PL

NSZZ Solidarnosc

 

110,000

PT

CGTP-IN

 

65,000

PT

UGT

 

65,000

RO

CARTEL ALFA

FNSA

n.a.

RO

CSDR

FSLCPR-CSDR

3,750

SE

SACO

 

475,300

SE

TCO

 

442,641

UK

TUC

PCS

43,700

UK

TUC

Prospect

n.a.

Note: *If a federation or body specifically covering professional and managerial workers is active within EUROCADRES, the formal member confederation usually delegates such federation or body to participate in EUROCADRES’ activities

Source: EUROCADRES (2013)

Table H1: CEEP – national sections and members, EU28 (2013)

Section

Organisation

AT

Verband der öffentlichen Wirtschaft und Gemeinwirtschaft Österreich (VÖWG)

AT

AG der Wiener Lokalbahnen - www.wlb.at

AT

Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Stadt Linz - www.akh.linz.at

AT

AMS Arbeitsmarkservice Österreich – www.ams.at

AT

ANKÜNDER – Steierm. Ankündigungs-GmbH - www.ankuender.com

AT

ARGE Österreichischer Abfall- Wirtschaftsverbände

AT

ARWAG Holding AG - www.arwag.at

AT

ASFINAG - www.asfinag.at

AT

AUSTRO CONTROL GmbH - www.austrocontrol.at

AT

Bank Austria AG - www.bankaustria.at

AT

BEWAG – Burgenländische Elektrizitätswirtschafts AG - www.bewag.at

AT

ebswien hauptkläranlage GmbH - www.ebs.co.at

AT

ebswien tierservice GmbH - www.tkb-wien.at

AT

Elektrizitätswerk Wels AG - www.eww.at

AT

ENERGIEALLIANZ Austria GmbH

AT

Energiecomfort GmbH - www.energiecomfort.at

AT

Ennskraftwerke AG - www.ennskraft.at

AT

EVN Netz GmbH - www.evn-netz.at

AT

EVN - Wasser GmbH – www.evnwasser.at

AT

Fernwärme Wien GmbH - www.fernwaermewien.at

AT

Flughafen Wien AG - www.viennaairport.com

AT

FORSCHUNG AUSTRIA - www.forschungaustria.ac.at

AT

GESIBA – Gemeinn. Siedlungs- und Bau – AG - www.gesiba.at

AT

GESPAG - OÖ Gesundheits - und Spitals - AG - www.gespag.at

AT

GEWISTA Werbegesellschaft mbH - www.gewista.at

AT

GEWOG – Gemeinn. Wohnungs- und Siedlungs- GesmbH der Wiener Stadtwerke - www.gewog-wohnen.at

AT

Graz-Köflacher Bahn und Busbetrieb GmbH - www.gkb.at

AT

Holding Graz - Kommunale Dienstleistungen GmbH - www.holding-graz.at

AT

Innsbrucker Kommunalbetriebe AG - www.ikb.at

AT

KELAG / Kärtner Elektrizitäts – AG - www.kelag.at

AT

Kommunalkredit Austria AG - www.kommunalkredit.at

AT

Linz AG für Energie, Telekommunikation, Verkehr und kommunale Dienste - www.linzag.at

AT

Linzer Lokalbahn AG

AT

Magistrat der Landeshauptstadt Linz – Wirtschaftsservice - www.linz.at

AT

Magistrat der Stadt Graz - www.graz.at

AT

Mürztaler Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH - www.mvg-kapfenberg.com

AT

ÖBB-Holding AG - www.oebb.at

AT

Österreichische Beamtenversicherung – www.oebv.com

AT

Österreichische Verkehrskreditbank AG - www.verkehrskreditbank.at

AT

Österreichischer Gemeindebund - www.gemeindebund.at

AT

Österreichischer Städtebund - www.staedtebund.at

AT

Österreichischer Städtebund – Landesgruppe Niederösterreich

AT

Österreichischer Städtebund – Landesgruppe Oberösterreich

AT

Österreichischer Verband Gemeinn. Bauvereinigungen – Revisionsverband - www.gbv.at

AT

Österreichisches Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseum – www.wirtschaftsmuseum.at

AT

Österreichisches Rotes Kreuz - www.roteskreuz.at

AT

Raab-Oedenburg-Ebenfurter Eisenbahn AG - www.raaberbahn.com

AT

Salzburg AG für Energie, Verkehr und Telekommunikation - www.salzburg.at

AT

Salzburger Flughafen GmbH

AT

Schloss Laxenburg Betriebs – GmbH - www.schlosslaxenburg.at

AT

Sozialbau Gemeinn. Wohnungs – AG - www.sozialbau.at

AT

Stadtgemeinde Gmünd – Bestattung

AT

Stadtgemeinde Leoben

AT

Stadtgemeinde Mannersdorf

AT

Stadtgemeinde Schwechat – www.schwechat.gv.at

AT

Stadt Villach - www.villach.at

AT

Stadtwerke Amstetten - www.stadtwerke.amstetten.at

AT

Stadtwerke Bregenz GmbH / Gas-Wasser-Bäder-Stadtbus

AT

Stadtwerke Kapfenberg - www.stadtwerke-kapfenberg.at

AT

Stadtwerke Klagenfurt AG - www.stw.at

AT

Stadtwerke St. Pölten - www.st-poelten.gv.at

AT

TIWAG - Tiroler Wasserkraft AG - www.tiwag.at

AT

VBV - Pensionskasse AG - www.vbv.at

AT

VERBUND AG – www.verbund.at

AT

Verbund Hydro Power AG - www.verbund.at/

AT

Verein für Wohnbauförderung - www.vwbf.at

AT

Vereinigte Bühnen Wien GmbH - www.vbw.at

AT

Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region GmbH - www.vor.at

AT

Volkshilfe Wien - www.volkshilfe-wien.at

AT

Volkstheater GmbH - www.volkstheater.at

AT

Wasserleitungsverband Nördliches Burgenland - www.wasserleitungsverband.at

AT

Wasserverband – Mürzverband - www.muerzverband.at

AT

WH Medien GmbH

AT

Wien Holding GmbH - www.wienholding.at

AT

Wiener Hafen - www.wienerhafen.com

AT

Wiener Gewässer Management GmbH

AT

Wiener Krankenanstaltenverbund - www.wienkav.at

AT

Wiener Stadthalle Betriebs- und Veranstaltungsges mbH - www.stadthalle.com

AT

Wiener Städtische Allgemeine Versicherung AG - www.wienerstaedtische.at

AT

Wiener Stadtwerke Holding AG - www.wienerstadtwerke.at

AT

Wien Energie Gasnetz GmbH - www.wiengas.at

AT

Wien Energie Stromnetz GmbH - www.wienenergie-stromnetz.at

AT

Wiener Linien GmbH - www.wienerlinien.at

AT

Bestattung Wien GmbH - www.bestattungwien.at

AT

WOGEM – Gemeinn. Wohn-, Bau- und Siedlungsgesellschaft für Gemeindebedienstete - www.wogem.at

AT

Wohnbauvereinigung für Privatangestellte - www.wbv-gpa.at

AT

Wohnfonds Wien - www.wohnfonds.wien.at

Benelux

AquaFlanders - www.aquaflanders.be

Benelux

De Lijn - Vlaamse Vervoermaatschappij - www.delijn.be

Benelux

Ethias - www.ethias.be

Benelux

Intermixt - www.intermixt.be

Benelux

INTER-REGIES – www.inter-regies.be

Benelux

Nederlandse Centrale Overheidswerkgever

Benelux

NMBS – SNCB - Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Belges - Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen - www.b-rail.be

Benelux

NMP – SNTC - Nationale Maatschappij der Pijpleidingen - Société Nationale de Transport par Canalisations

Benelux

SPGE - Société Publique de Gestion de l’eau - www.spge.be

Benelux

UNIPSO – Union des Entreprises à Profit Social – www.unipso.be

Benelux

UNISOC – www.unisoc.be

Benelux

UVW – Unie van Waterschappen – www.uvw.nl

Benelux

VEWIN - Vereniging van Exploitanten van Waterleidingbedrijven In Nederland - www.vewin.nl

Benelux

VNG - Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten - www.vng.nl

BG

BICA – Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association www.bica-bg.org

CY

EAC – Electricity Authority Cyprus

DE

Bundesverband Öffentliche Dienstleistungen – BVÖD

DE

Abfallwirtschaftsbetrieb München www.awm-muenchen.de

DE

Beratungsgesellschaft für Beteiligungsverwaltung Leipzig GmbH - www.bbvl.de

DE

Berliner Stadtreinigungsbetriebe, AöR www.bsr.de

DE

Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, AöR - www.bvg.de

DE

Berliner Wasserbetriebe, AöR - www.bwb.de

DE

Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG www.bogestra.de

DE

Bremer Straßenbahn AG - www.bsag.de

DE

DB Regio AG, Sparte Bus - www.bahn.de/dbregiobus

DE

Dortmunder Stadtwerke AG www.dsw.de

DE

Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG www.dvbag.de

DE

Emscher Genossenschaft/Lippeverband www.eglv.de

DE

Erftverband Bergheim - www.erftverband.de

DE

Fraport AG www.fraport.de

DE

Gas-Union GmbH www.gas-union.de

DE

Hallesche Verkehrs-AG www.havag.com

DE

Kasseler Verkehrs- und Versorgungs-GmbH www.kvg.de

DE

Kommunale Wasserwerke Leipzig GmbH www.wasser-leipzig.de

DE

KPMG Prüfungs- und Beratungsgesellschaft für den Öffentlichen Sektor AG www.kpmg.de

DE

Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe (LVB) GmbH www.lvb.de

DE

Leipziger Versorgungs- und Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH www.lvv.de

DE

Mainova AG www.mainova.de

DE

Rheinbahn AG www.rheinbahn.de

DE

Rostocker Straßenbahn AG www.rsag-online.de

DE

Ruhrverband www.ruhrverband.de

DE

Senatsverwaltung für Wirtschaft, Technologie und Frauen www.berlin.de/sen/wtf

DE

Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH www.stadtwerke-bochum.de

DE

Stadtwerke Duisburg AG www.dvv.de

DE

Stadtwerke Essen AG www.stadtwerke-essen.de

DE

Stadtwerke Frankfurt am Main Holding GmbH www.swf-holding.de

DE

Stadtwerke Köln GmbH www.stadtwerkekoeln.de

DE

Stadtwerke Leipzig GmbH www.swl.de

DE

Stadtwerke Mainz AG www.stadtwerke-mainz.de

DE

Stadtwerke München GmbH www.swm.de

DE

Stadtwerke Münster GmbH www.stadtwerke-muenster.de

DE

Stadtwerke Nordhausen – Holding für Versorgung und Verkehr GmbH www.stadtwerke-nordhausen-gmbh.de

DE

Stadtwerke Saarbrücken AG www.saarbruecker-stadtwerke.de

DE

SWU Stadtwerke Ulm/Neu Ulm GmbH - www.swu.de

DE

Städtische Werke Nürnberg GmbH www.stwn.de

DE

Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen AG www.ssb-ag.de

DE

SWT-AöR – Stadtwerke Trier, AöR www.stadtwerke-trier.de

DE

Thüga-Aktiengesellschaft www.thuega.de

DE

Trianel GmbH - www.trianel.com

DE

uestra Hannoversche Verkehrsbetriebe AG www.uestra.de

DE

WIBERA Wirtschaftsberatung AG www.wibera.de

DE

Allianz der öffentlichen Wasserwirtschaft (AöW) e.V. - www.aoew.de

DE

AKA Arbeitsgemeinschaft kommunale und kirchliche Altersversorgung e.V. - www.aka.de

DE

BDEW Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft e.V. www.bdew.de

DE

BG Energie Textil Elektro, Medienerzeugnisse, Branchenverwaltung Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft (BG ETEM – B-EW) www.bgetem.de

DE

Deutsche Gesellschaft für das Badewesen e.V. www.baederportal.com

DE

Deutscher Landkreistag www.kreise.de/landkreistag

DE

Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband e.V. www.dsgv.de

DE

Deutscher Städtetag www.staedtetag.de

DE

Deutscher Städte- und Gemeindebund www.dstgb.de

DE

GdW Bundesverband deutscher Wohnungs- und Immobilienunternehmen e.V. www.gdw.de

DE

Tarifgemeinschaft deutscher Länder – www.tdl-online.de

DE

Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen e.V. www.vdv.de

DE

Verband kommunaler Unternehmen e.V. www.vku.de

DE

Vereinigung der kommunalen Arbeitgeberverbände www.vka.de

DK

Danish Regions - www.regioner.dk

DK

Local Government Denmark - www.kl.dk

DK

State Employers’ Authority – www.modst.dk

ES

Administrador de Infrastructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF) - www.adif.es

ES

Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea (AENA) - www.aena.es

ES

Consorcio Regional de Transportes Publicos Regulares de Madrid- www.ctm-madrid.es

ES

Dirección General Patrimonio del Estado

ES

Entidad Pública Empresarial de Suelo (SEPES) - www.sepes.es

ES

Entidad Pública Empresarial Renfe Operadora - www.renfe.es

ES

Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, S.A. (FNMT) - www.fnmt.es

ES

Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha (FEVE) - www.feve.es

ES

Ferrocarriles Vascos S.A. -

ES

Fundacion ONCE, S.A. (FUNDOSA) – www.grupofundosa.es

ES

Instituto de Crédito Oficial (ICO) - www.ico.es

ES

Organismo Público Puertos del Estado - www.puertos.es

ES

Red Eléctrica de España, S.A. (REE) - www.ree.es

ES

Red de Empresas Locales de Interés General (ELIGE) - www.redelige.com

ES

Sociedad Estatal Correos y Telégrafos, S.A. (CORREOS) - www.correos.es

ES

Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (SEPI) - www.sepi.es

FI

KT Local Government Employers - www.kuntatyonantajat.fi

FI

Commission for Church Employers - www.evl.fi

FI

Office for the Government as Employer – www.vm.fi

FR

Agence française de développement (AFD) - www.afd.fr

FR

Air France Groupe - www.airfrance.net

FR

Association nationale des régies de services publics et des organismes constitués par les collectivités locales ou avec leur participation (ANROC) - www.anroc.com

FR

Bureau des recherches géologiques et minières (BRGM) -www.brgm.fr

FR

Caisse des dépôts et consignations (CDC) - www.caissedesdepots.fr

FR

Electricité de France (EDF) - www.edf.fr

FR

Etablissement publique foncier du Nord Pas-de-Calais (EPF NPC) - www.epf-npdc.fr

FR

Fédération nationale des associations gestionnaires au service des personnes handicapées (FEGAPEI) - www.fegapei.fr

FR

Fédération nationale des entreprises sociales pour l’habitat - www.esh-fr.org

FR

Fédération des EPL - www.lesepl.fr

FR

Fédération nationale des collectivités concédantes et des régies (FNCCR) - www.fnccr.asso.fr

FR

Fédération nationale des offices Habitations à Loyer Modéré (FNOHLM) - www.offices-hlm.org

FR

France Télécom - www.francetelecom.com

FR

Groupe Société Nationale Immobilière (SNI-SCET) - www.groupesni.fr

FR

La Cité internationale des Congrès Nantes-Métropole – www.lacite-nantes.fr

FR

Nantes Métropole Aménagement - www.nantes-amenagement.fr

FR

Sem d’aménagement de la ville de Paris (SEMAVIP) - www.semavip.fr

FR

Société d’économie mixte d’aménagement de l’est parisien (SEMAEST) - www.semaest.fr

FR

SEM du TCSP de Brest - www.letram-brest.fr

FR

SEMITAN (SEM des transports en commun de l’agglomération nantaise) - www.tan.fr

FR

SEMIV (SEM immobilière de Vélizy) - www.semiv-velizy.fr

FR

SIDR (Société immobilière du département de la Réunion) - www.sidr.fr

FR

SNCF (Société nationale des chemins de fer français) - www.sncf.fr

FR

Société d’équipement du Rhône et de Lyon (SERL) - www.serl.fr

FR

Société d’exploitation de la Tour Eiffel (SETE) - www.tour-eiffel.fr

FR

Société immobilière de Nouvelle-Calédonie (SIC) - www.sic.nc

FR

SOGARIS - www.sogaris.fr

FR

Union sociale pour l’habitat (USH) - www.union-habitat.org

FR

UPPFP (Union des Professionnels du Pôle Funéraire Public) - http://uppfp.free.fr

FR

La Folle Journée de Nantes  - http://www.follejournee.fr

FR

Sipea (Société anonyme immobilière d’économie mixte de la ville de Poitiers) - http://www.sipea-poitiers.fr

EL

KEDEO

EL

Athens Urban Transport Organisation SA (OASA), www.oasa.gr

EL

Attica Bank, www.atticabank.gr

EL

Stable urban transports STASY SA, www.ametro.gr, www.isap.gr & www.tramsa.gr

EL

ERGOSE SA – railway infrastructure company, www.ergose.gr

EL

ILPAP SA – electric transport company, www.athens-trolley.gr

EL

National Sports’ Centre Aghios Kosmas

EL

Port Authority of Patras SA, www.patrasport.gr

EL

School Building Organisation SA (SBO –OSK), www.osk.gr

EL

International Fair of Thessalonica, www.tif.gr

EL

Hellenic Aerospace Industry, www.haicorp.com

EL

Hellenic Defence Systems, www.eas.gr

EL

Athens Road Transport OSY, www.ethel.gr

EL

Organization of SMEs and Handicraft (EOMMEX), www.eommex.gr

EL

Athens Water Supply and Sewerage Company (EYDAP) www.eydap.gr

EL

Public Material Management Organisation (ODDY), www.oddy.gr

EL

OAED - workforce employment organisation, www.oaed.gr

EL

OPAP SA – betting organization, www.opap.gr

EL

Port of Igoumenitsa, www.olig.gr

EL

Thessaloniki Port Authority SA, www.thpa.gr

EL

Lavrion Port Authority, www.oll.gr

EL

OSE - Greek railway organisation, www.osenet.gr

EL

Thessaloniki's Integrated Transport Authority (SASTH), www.sasth.gr

EL

TEO – national road construction fund, www.teo.org.gr

EL

Fund or securities and loans, www.tpd.gr

EL

Helexpo, www.helexpo.gr

EL

Export Credit Insurance Organisation (ECIO - OAEP), www.oaep.gr

EL

NAFSOLP - naval repairing zone reconstruction, www.nazo.gr

EL

Asprofos SA – engineering company, www.asprofos.gr

HU

National Association of Strategic and Public Utility Companies (STRATOSZ):

HU

Hungarian State Holding Company (MNV Zrt.)

HU

Hungarian Post Office Co. Ltd.

HU

Hungarian Railway Enterprises Union

HU

HUNGRAIL Hungarian Rail Association

HU

MÁV Hungarian State Railways Co. Ltd.

HU

MÁV-START Railway Passenger Transport Co.

HU

CER Hungary Co. (CER Hungary Central European Railway Cargo, Trading and Services Privately Held Company Limited by Shares)

HU

KÖZGÉP Steal Structure-and-Construction Co.

HU

Volan Professional Association

HU

Agria Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Alba Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Bakony Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Balaton Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Borsod Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Gemenc Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Hajdú Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Hatvani Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Jászkun Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Kapos Volán Bus Traffic Ltd.

HU

Kisalföld Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Kőrös Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Kunság Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Mátra Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Nógrád Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Pannon Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Somló Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Szabolcs Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Tisza Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Vasi Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Vértes Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Zala Volán Bus Traffic Co. Ltd.

HU

Volánbusz Transport Company Ltd.

HU

GOMI Ltd.

HU

Raaberlog Ltd

IE

HSE Employers Agency - www.hsea.ie

IT

ARAN - Agenzia per la Rappresentanza Negoziale delle Pubbliche Amministrazioni - www.aranagenzia.it

IT

CONFSERVIZI (Confederazione Italiana dei Servizi Pubblici Locali – Asstra – Federambiente - Federutility) - www.confservizi.net

IT

ENAC (Ente nazionale per l’Aviazione Civile) www.enac.gov.it

MT

Malta’s Employers’ Association (MEA) - www.maltaemployers.com

PL

Pracodawcy RP

PL

Ogólnopolski Związek Pracodawców Transportu Samochodowego

PL

Domik Sp. z o.o.

PL

Centrum Medyczne Mavit            

PL

Polska Agencja Prasowa       

PL

Kompania Węglowa S.A.               

PL

Lubelski Związek Pracodawców         

PL

Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo S.A.

PL

Fabryka Tarcz Ściernych

PL

Polskie Przymierze Gospodarcze

PL

PKP CARGO S.A – www.pkp-cargo.pl

PL

Centrum Szkoleniowo-Konferencyjne Sp. z o.o

PT

AdP – Águas de Portugal, Sgps, SA -        www.adp.pt

PT

APA – Administração do Porto de Aveiro, SA - www.portodeaveiro.pt

PT

APL – Administração do Porto de Lisboa, SA - www.portodelisboa.pt

PT

APS – Administração do Porto de Sines, SA - www.portodesines.pt

PT

Baía do Tejo, SA - www.baiadotejo.pt

PT

Banco BPI, SA - www.bancobpi.pt

PT

Companhia Carris de Ferro de Lisboa, SA - www.carris.pt

PT

EEM – Empresa de Electricidade da Madeira, SA - www.eem.pt

PT

EP – Estradas de Portugal, E.P.E. -          www.estradasdeportugal.pt

PT

EPUL – Empresa Pública de Urbanização de Lisboa, EP - www.epul.pt

PT

GEBALIS – Gestão dos Bairros Municipais de Lisboa, EEM - www.gebalis.pt

PT

IEFP – Instituto do Emprego e Formação Professional, IP - www.iefp.pt

PT

INCI – Instituto da Construção e do Imobiliário, IP - www.inci.pt

PT

INCM – Imprensa Nacional - Casa da Moeda, SA - www.incm.pt

PT

INE – Instituto Nacional de Estatística, IP - www.ine.pt

PT

METROPOLITANO DE LISBOA, EPE -       www.metrolisboa.pt

PT

MONTEPIO GERAL - www.montepiogeral.pt

PT

TAP – AIR PORTUGAL, SA - www.tap.pt

PT

TRANSTEJO – Transportes do Tejo, SA - www.transtejo.pt

RO

Romanian Water Employers Association (ARA)

RO

Romanian District Heating Employers Association (ASER)

RO

Public Services Employers Association (PSP)

RO

National Employers’ Federation of Public Utilities of Romania (FNPSPR)

RO

Liga Citadina (Cities League)

RO

The National Federation of Family Doctors of Romania 

RO

The National Federation of Solid Waste Management Operators of Romania 

RO

The National Association of the Urban Electrical Illumination Operators of Romania

SE

FASTIGO - Employers’Association for the Property Sector - www.fastigo.se

SE

KFS - Swedish Organisation for Local Enterprises - www.kfs.net

SE

PACTA - Employers´ Association of Local Federations of Local Authorities and Enterprises - www.pacta.org.se

SE

SAGE - Swedish Agency for Government Employers - www.arbetsgivarverket.se

SE

SALAR - Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting) - www.skl.se

UK

Local Government Group - www.local.gov.uk

UK

The NHS Confederation – www.nhsconfed.org

UK

The Cabinet Office, c/o Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) – www.bis.gov.uk

UK

National Association of Regional Employers (NARE):

UK

South East Employers www.seemp.co.uk

UK

South West Employers www.southwest-ra.gov.uk

UK

London Councils www.londoncouncils.gov.uk

UK

East Midlands Councils www.emcouncils.gov.uk

UK

East of England Local Government Association – www.eelga.gov.uk

UK

North West Employers Organisation www.nwemployers.org.uk

UK

North East Regional Employers www.nereo.gov.uk

UK

Local Government Yorkshire and Humber www.lgyh.gov.uk

UK

Northern Ireland Local Government Association www.nilga.org

UK

Welsh Local Government Association www.wlga.gov.uk

UK

West Midlands Councils www.wmcouncils.org.uk

UK

Transport for London - www.tfl.gov.uk

UK

Universities and Colleges Employers’ Association - www.ucea.ac.uk

UK

Assocation of Chartered Certified Accountants - www.accaglobal.com

UK

Lindsey Marsh Drainage Board - www.lmdb.co.uk

UK

Scape System Builds Limited - www.scapebuild.co.uk

UK

Eversheds - www.eversheds.com

UK

PPMA - http://www.ppma.org.uk/

Note: See also the CEEP reports Mapping of the public services and Mapping evolutions in public services in Europe, available at http://www.ceep.eu/ and http://www.mappingpublicservices.eu.

Source: CEEP (2013)

EF/13/100

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