Working conditions

Casual work: Characteristics and implications

Report
Published
20 Декември 2019
pdf
Formats
Executive summary in 22 languages

PDF

Abstract

Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment. While it offers soRead more

Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment. While it offers some advantages for both employers and workers, it is often discussed by policymakers at EU and national levels due to the observed negative consequences it has for some workers. Impacts include economic insecurity and unpredictability of working time, which in turn affect workers’ health, well-being and social security. From a labour market perspective, casual work raises concerns about decent social inclusion of vulnerable groups, labour market segmentation and more general trends towards fragmentation of work and brain drain. Some policy responses have already been implemented to tackle these issues; further policy pointers are flagged in the report.

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Formats

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    48
    Reference No: 
    EF18044
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1992-6
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-04-19-676-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/63115
    Catalogue info

    Casual work: Characteristics and implications

    Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment.

    Available formats

    Cite this publication as: 

    Eurofound (2019), Casual work: Characteristics and implications, New forms of employment series, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF18044EN1
    Catalogue info

    Casual work: Characteristics and implications - Executive summary

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Casual work is characterised by the absence of a stable and continuous employment relationship; according to the European Parliament it can be defined as ‘irregular or intermittent, with no expectation of continuous employment’, with the potential for irregular and unpredictable working hours or schedules. Eurofound proposed in 2015 a definition of casual work that distinguishes two forms: ‘intermittent’ and ‘on-call’ work. Intermittent work is more prevalent in Czechia, France and Romania, while on-call work is more prevalent in the Netherlands and the UK. Both forms are present in Germany and Italy. In some countries (Italy, the Netherlands and Poland), casual work includes other types of contracts and self-employment relationships. 

    Available in 22 languages for download

    PDF

Part of the series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

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