Publications

17061 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Government strategic plan to support company restructuring and upgrade human resources

    The recession affecting Portuguese companies from 1991 to 1994 showed that the difficulties faced by the country stemmed not just from economic circumstances. Rather, the roots were far more complex and called for structural changes to competitive factors involving the very fabric of business and a general remodelling of managerial capacity, vocational qualifications and financial structure.
  • New Career Breaks Bill promotes care and study leave

    Under the terms of a new bill, announced in April 1997, employees in the Netherlands will be entitled to benefits if they interrupt their careers for care or study leave, on condition that the employer hires an unemployed person for the same period
  • Trends in temporary work in Greece

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts, constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the public sector.
  • Two reports published on the industrial relations implications of EMU in Finland

    Two separate committees - a group of professors appointed by the Government and a committee of economists from the Finnish social partners - published reports in early May 1997 on the industrial relations implications of EU Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) for Finland The social partners themselves have adopted a joint declaration on EMU membership.
  • Tripartite agreement on Employment Alliance for eastern Germany

    On 22 May 1997, a new employment alliance for eastern Germany was concluded between the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union Federation (DGB), the German Salaried Employees' Union (DAG), the Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA), the Confederation of German Industries (BDI), the German Association of Chambers of Commerce (DIHT), the Central Association of German Crafts (ZDH) and the Associations of the Credit Institutions (Kreditgewerbe). Its primary objectives are to: speed up the transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth; reduce unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996; and create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.
  • UNICE urges IGC to prioritise competitiveness

    In its recently published opinion on the conclusion of the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) underlines the need for the negotiating parties to "place a strengthening of Europe's competitiveness at the heart of the (new) Treaty, since promotion of competitiveness is the sine qua non to increase employment". The promotion of employment can, according to UNICE, never be treated in isolation. While European employers have repeatedly pronounced themselves in favour of the Essen employment strategy, they are keen to underline that responsibility for employment policy must continue to lie primarily with the member states.
  • First agreement for social welfare institutions

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were previously governed by state regulations.
  • Bank moves on performance-related pay

    One of Ireland's smallest banks, the Ulster Bank, is seeking to replace its incremental-based pay system with a new performance-related reward scheme for most of its 1,000 staff in the Republic of Ireland. The bank's proposals have been resisted by members of the banking union, the Irish Bank Officials Association (IBOA). They have, however, been accepted by its staff in Northern Ireland who are part of the British industrial relations system.
  • German law contravenes the EU equal treatment Directive

    On 22 April 1997 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment stating that some provisions of the German Civil Law (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch,BGB) as well as the German Labour Court Law (Arbeitsgerichtsgesetz, ArbGG) offend against the "Council Directive on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion and working conditions" (76/207/EEC). The Directive which was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 9 February 1976 proclaimed that the Member States shall put into effect the "principle of equal treatment" (§ 1) which means "that there shall be no discrimination whatsoever on grounds of sex either directly or indirectly" (§ 2).
  • Social partners reach draft agreement on part-time work

    The negotiating teams representing the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) reached a draft framework agreement on part-time work in the evening of 14 May 1997.

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