Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    Since 1998, all EU Member States are obliged to draw up annual National
    Action Plans (NAP s) for employment (EU9805107N [1]) based on the EU's
    Employment Guidelines. Member States submitted NAPs for 1999 during summer
    1999, analysing implementation of the 1998 Plans and describing the policy
    adjustments made to incorporate the changes introduced by the 1999 Employment
    Guidelines [2] (EU9810130F [3]). Austria is no exception (AT9802164F [4]) and
    its 1999 NAP [5] was issued in June 1999.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-action-plans-for-employment-reviewed
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/draft-employment-guidelines-for-1999-emphasise-continuity
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/austria-draws-up-national-action-plan-on-employment
    [5] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps99/napau_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    A report entitled Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment: Sweden
    in the 1990s [1] was presented on 29 June 1999. The study is based on two
    surveys, one conducted in 1991, the other in 1998, aiming to explore among
    managers from 157 companies in the Swedish manufacturing industry how a
    severe macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. The
    research was carried out by two economists, Jonas Agell and Peter Lundborg,
    and funded by the Swedish government's Office of Labour Market Policy
    Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering, IFAU). In
    1998, when the second survey was conducted, the unemployment rate was much
    higher and the inflation rate much lower than when the first survey was
    carried out in 1991.

    [1] http://www.ifau.se/swe/pdf/agellwp.pdf

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    In July 1999, the Finnish social partners reached an agreement on some major
    reforms to early retirement and pensions. These reforms, together with the
    programme for older workers and the third stage of a scheme to fund adult
    training out of unemployment insurance, aim to increase the average
    retirement age step by step.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    Negotiations between the Swedish Road Transport Employer's Association
    (Biltrafikens Arbetsgivarförbund, BA), and the Swedish Transport Worker's
    Union (Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) over a new collective
    agreement for taxi drivers and taxi telephone exchange operators finally
    failed on 8 August 1999. On 17 August, Transport gave notice to the taxi-cab
    companies of a blockade of all passenger traffic, including related work at
    the taxi telephone exchanges, to and from the largest Swedish airports -
    Arlanda and Bromma (Stockholm), Landvetter (Gothenburg) and Sturup (Malmö).
    If the subsequent mediation process is not successful, the blockade was due
    to start in the night of 2-3 September 1999. At the time of writing (late
    August) nothing had been reported so far on the work of the two mediators.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    The president of the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) set out three medium-term policy goals in an
    interview with the /Der Standard/ daily newspaper at the end of July 1999:
    more full-time employment; a reduction in spurious self-employment; and
    income-based accession criteria for countries seeking to join the EU. An
    overhaul of the social security system, particularly its financing, and a
    re-evaluation of male and female occupations in terms of pay, were added to
    the list of priorities at the end of August. In the newspaper interview,
    theÖGB president stated that in the short run - the autumn of 1999 - the
    harmonisation of the legal treatment of wage earners and salary earners would
    take top priority (AT9906153N [1]). He did not rule out major demonstrations
    over this issue, estimated to affect 1.2 million people directly, with action
    scheduled for the second week of September, after the school holidays. The
    national general elections to be held on 3 October would not influence the
    ÖGB's determination to push the issue. Other short-term goals are:

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/wage-and-salary-earners-remain-unequal

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    In August 1999, the Finnish government decided that in future unemployed
    people in many districts will have to accept work from a wider geographical
    area than earlier, or lose their benefits. One aim of this change is to
    reduce recruitment bottlenecks. Employers have long been pushing for such
    measures to "activate" unemployed people and alleviate bottlenecks, while
    trade unions wanted to retain the present situation.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    In July 1999, the FEB/VBO employers' organisation responded to the coalition
    agreement of Belgium's new government. It welcomes the new coalition's
    intention to reduce employers' social charges, but firmly rejects any
    measures to encourage reductions in working time or any negotiations on this
    subject. The employers also demand structural reforms of social security.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    in late July 1999, the French cabinet approved the second bill on the 35-hour
    week, which follows up the first law on the subject adopted in June 1998. The
    new bill establishes a two-year "adjustment period", in particular for the
    question of overtime payments.

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

Forthcoming publications