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  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    In September 1999, the Dutch petroleum company, NAM, announced a sweeping
    reorganisation that could cut 450 jobs from its 2,500-strong workforce. The
    trade unions expressed their intention to fight the plan vigorously. NAM,
    which is based in the Netherlands' northern provinces, provides a significant
    portion of employment in the region and also generates employment outside the
    company. Provincial authorities responded to the plan with disappointment.

  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    Before Portugal's general election on 10 October 1999, the main political
    parties set out their policies on social, employment and labour issues.
    Themes such as employment creation, training and equal opportunities were
    highlighted in nearly all party programmes.

  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    Given an increasing amount of contracting out of public services and the
    privatisation of state-owned corporations, and after a freeze on the new
    employment of public servants which has so far lasted two years, it seems
    there is no future for trade unions in solely organising public servants and
    other employees in the public sector. The large public sector trade unions
    have drawn this lesson and have, so to speak, moved with their old members
    into the private sector, representing more and more private sector workers.
    This has caused discord within the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) (DK9709129F [1]).


  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    At its annual conference held in September 1999 (UK9909128N [1]), the Trades
    Union Congress (TUC) gave strong backing to a motion [2] urging the
    government to prepare for early UK entry into the single European currency,
    despite misgivings on the part of some major unions. Delegates voted for a
    motion which supported the UK having "the option of actively pursuing [euro]
    entry early in the new decade through action to bring the UK economic cycle
    more closely into line with that of our EU partners".


  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    At the beginning of September 1999, Italy's Radicals political party
    announced that it had collected enough signatures to hold 20 referenda in
    spring 2000, with the aim of repealing various legislative provisions. Many
    of the issues covered by the referenda concern trade union or labour issues,
    like the collection of trade union membership dues, or individual dismissal
    procedures. The trade union confederations are firmly opposed to the
    Radicals' initiative, which they regard as "anti-union".

  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    The European Commission decided at the end of July 1999 to launch or pursue
    proceedings against a number of Member States in relation to poor
    implementation of Community Directives in the social field. This relates
    particularly to the pregnant workers' Directive (92/85/EEC) [1], the
    Directive on minimum health and safety requirements applicable to the use of
    equipment by workers (89/655/EEC) [2], the transfer of undertakings Directive
    (77/187/EEC [3], amended by 98/59/EC [4]) and Directives on collective
    redundancies (now consolidated in 98/59/EC [5]).


  • CAR
    27 Септември 1999

    Comparative Study [1]
    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [2] and should be read in conjunction with it.


  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    In September 1999, after 20 months of bargaining, trade unions and employers
    in Spain's savings banks sector have still been unable to reach a new
    collective agreement.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    In July 1999, the Finnish social partners reached an agreement on some major
    reforms to early retirement and pensions. These reforms, together with the
    programme for older workers and the third stage of a scheme to fund adult
    training out of unemployment insurance, aim to increase the average
    retirement age step by step.

  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    Negotiations between the Swedish Road Transport Employer's Association
    (Biltrafikens Arbetsgivarförbund, BA), and the Swedish Transport Worker's
    Union (Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) over a new collective
    agreement for taxi drivers and taxi telephone exchange operators finally
    failed on 8 August 1999. On 17 August, Transport gave notice to the taxi-cab
    companies of a blockade of all passenger traffic, including related work at
    the taxi telephone exchanges, to and from the largest Swedish airports -
    Arlanda and Bromma (Stockholm), Landvetter (Gothenburg) and Sturup (Malmö).
    If the subsequent mediation process is not successful, the blockade was due
    to start in the night of 2-3 September 1999. At the time of writing (late
    August) nothing had been reported so far on the work of the two mediators.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications