Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    On 10-11 September 1999, in the German city of Haltern, more than 60 leading
    representatives of trade unions from Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the
    Netherlands held their third joint annual meeting. They evaluated the 1999
    collective bargaining rounds in the countries involved and discussed future
    trade union bargaining strategies.

  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    In view of the powerful earthquake that struck Athens on 7 September 1999,
    the Athens Labour Centre (EKA) has asked the government to take immediate
    steps to provide relief for victims' families as well as the homeless.

  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    The pay stability which has served to underpin Ireland's various national
    programmes since 1987 could unravel if recent public sector pay disputes
    involving nurses, the police and transport employees are not resolved within
    the confines of the current three-year Partnership 2000 [1] (P2000) national
    agreement (IE9702103F [2]).


  • Article
    27 Септември 1999

    Casual agricultural workers in Spain are covered by a separate system of
    unemployment protection. Trade union calls to include them in the general
    system have so far not borne fruit, and in spring and summer 1999, there have
    been mobilisations of agricultural workers in protest. The debate between
    supporters and detractors of a special protection regime for these workers
    has been reopened.

  • CAR
    27 Септември 1999

    Comparative Study [1]
    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [2] and should be read in conjunction with it.


  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    A report entitled Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment: Sweden
    in the 1990s [1] was presented on 29 June 1999. The study is based on two
    surveys, one conducted in 1991, the other in 1998, aiming to explore among
    managers from 157 companies in the Swedish manufacturing industry how a
    severe macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. The
    research was carried out by two economists, Jonas Agell and Peter Lundborg,
    and funded by the Swedish government's Office of Labour Market Policy
    Evaluation (Institutet för arbetsmarknadspolitisk utvärdering, IFAU). In
    1998, when the second survey was conducted, the unemployment rate was much
    higher and the inflation rate much lower than when the first survey was
    carried out in 1991.


  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    Since 1998, all EU Member States are obliged to draw up annual National
    Action Plans (NAP s) for employment (EU9805107N [1]) based on the EU's
    Employment Guidelines. Member States submitted NAPs for 1999 during summer
    1999, analysing implementation of the 1998 Plans and describing the policy
    adjustments made to incorporate the changes introduced by the 1999 Employment
    Guidelines [2] (EU9810130F [3]). Austria is no exception (AT9802164F [4]) and
    its 1999 NAP [5] was issued in June 1999.


  • Article
    27 Август 1999

    Negotiations between the Swedish Road Transport Employer's Association
    (Biltrafikens Arbetsgivarförbund, BA), and the Swedish Transport Worker's
    Union (Svenska Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) over a new collective
    agreement for taxi drivers and taxi telephone exchange operators finally
    failed on 8 August 1999. On 17 August, Transport gave notice to the taxi-cab
    companies of a blockade of all passenger traffic, including related work at
    the taxi telephone exchanges, to and from the largest Swedish airports -
    Arlanda and Bromma (Stockholm), Landvetter (Gothenburg) and Sturup (Malmö).
    If the subsequent mediation process is not successful, the blockade was due
    to start in the night of 2-3 September 1999. At the time of writing (late
    August) nothing had been reported so far on the work of the two mediators.


  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

Forthcoming publications