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  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    Two separate strikes have been hitting the French hospital sector over
    February and March 1997. On the one hand, certain unions are campaigning
    against cuts in hospital budgets while, on the other hand, numerous trainee
    doctors and senior consultants are on strike, demanding the revision of the
    medical agreement co-signed by the health insurance office (CNAM) and the
    medical profession, which in their opinion hinders the practicing of
    professional medicine.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the general meeting of the Fachgemeinschaft Bau Berlin und
    Brandenburg, the regional industry and employers' association for the
    building industry in the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg, decided to
    quit the Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (Central Association of the
    German Building Trade, ZDB) and the Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie
    (Federal Association of the German Building Industry, HDB). In future, the
    regional association will no longer participate in the highly centralised
    collective bargaining system of the building industry, which includes central
    framework agreements (Manteltarifverträge) and national wage agreements

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    A protest march on the Dail by rank-and-file members of the Irish police
    force, the Garda Siochana, was due to take place on 16 April to highlight
    their demand for the first independent review of police pay since 1981.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    Over the past decade there has been increasing concern among the institutions
    of the European Union about the rising tide of racism across the member
    states. In a recent address to a conference on combating racism organised by
    the ETUC, social affairs commissioner Padraig Flynn highlighted the
    importance of the fight against racism in "achieving improved working
    conditions, creating jobs, improved industrial relations, the use of human
    resources to the best possible effect, social justice, equal opportunities,
    wealth and tolerance".

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    On Thursday 27 February 1997 Renault announced - completely unexpectedly -
    the closure of its Belgian production plant in Vilvoorde by July of this
    year. As a result, more than 3,000 Renault employees and an estimated 1,500
    employees in direct supply companies will lose their jobs. There is a general
    consensus that the decision ignored all legal rules and procedures concerning
    factory closures. This includes ILO and OECD procedures as well as national
    codes of conduct, and European Union and national legislation on collective
    redundancies and works council rights. These regulations lay down that
    employees have to be notified before a decision about a factory closure is
    made and informed about the ways in which the company plans to deal with the
    consequences for the employees.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    In an ongoing industrial dispute, trade unions have accused the public sector
    corporation, EPI (the Italian Postal Organisation), of not respecting
    collective agreements and commitments on employment.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    According to the study/, Analysis of the prevalence of home-based telework in
    Denmark,/ carried out by Andersen Management International for the Ministry
    of Research and Information Technology, it is estimated that the potential
    number of people carrying out home-based telework will increase over the next
    decade, from 9,000 at present to 250,000. The study defines home-based
    telework as situations where 20% or more of work is carried out from a
    home-based workplace using information technology. Home-based telework is
    expected to be more efficient if it is limited to two to three working days a

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    On 13 March 1997, the readers of Sweden's leading morning paper /Dagens
    Nyheter/ learnt about an unusual appeal, drawn up jointly by the pugnacious
    chair of Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union), the
    leaders of the two employers' organisations in commerce and the managing
    directors of three leading retail chains.

  • Article
    27 Март 1997

    On 13 March, after long debate between ministries, trade unions, and
    provincial governments, the national Government submitted a reform package
    covering the Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz(Unemployment Insurance Act), the
    Fremdengesetz(Aliens Act), the Aufenthaltsgesetz(Residence Act), the
    Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz(Aliens Employment Act), and the
    Asylgesetz(Asylum Act). The aim is to homogenise the laws, to reduce
    immigration to an absolute minimum compatible with human rights and the
    Geneva Convention on the Rights of Refugees, and to improve the integration
    of the resident foreign population. The reform package is now open to public
    debate, and will be submitted to Parliament before the summer. Changes are
    intended to take effect as of 1 January 1998.


  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications