726 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

  • Portugal: Young people’s transition from school to working life

    Youth unemployment is an increasingly critical issue in Portugal despite improving levels of educational attainment. A survey of 15–34 year-olds by Statistics Portugal in the second quarter of 2009 found that the average age of leaving formal education was 19 years-old. Over 90% of respondents who were not still studying were in a job lasting more than three months. The average time taken to find the first job was 20.4 months (excluding those who did work while at school).
  • Parenting support in Europe

    The influence of parenting on the well-being and future opportunities of children is widely acknowledged, but it is only recently that parenting support and education have come to be viewed as a social investment that contributes towards reducing parental stress and helping parents to manage their work–life balance. European Member States provide support for parenting in many different ways, from very practical medical-based interventions such as support with breastfeeding, to programmes that aim to increase the confidence and self-esteem of parents and thus improve their relationship with their children. This report gives an up-to-date overview of the main elements of parenting support services and the structure of services across Europe. It includes more detailed information about parenting support in seven Member States: Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Hungary, Ireland, Portugal and Sweden. The report summarises common challenges faced by all providers of parenting support, and concludes with policy recommendations based on what has been observed to work in different countries.
  • Strife-free agreements signed in transport sector

    The biggest employer in air transport, Czech Airlines (ČSA [1]), had a workforce of around 1,000 in 2011. Czech Railways (ČD [2]), the largest employer in the railway transport sector, had 26,400 workers in 2012. The two companies successfully concluded collective agreements with union organisations in December 2012. [1] [2]
  • Extensive use of compulsory arbitration to settle conflicts

    The annual Norwegian wage settlement negotiations came to an end in December when the National Wages Board (Rikslønnsnemnda [1]) ruled on the final two industrial conflicts in the 2012 bargaining round. Rulings were made on collective agreements for security personnel and for private nursing homes. Strikes among employees in the North Sea oil industry also ended in compulsory arbitration. [1]
  • Government launches accreditation scheme for cleaning firms

    In May 2012, the Norwegian Government [1] approved a new regulation (in Norwegian) [2] for the accreditation of cleaning companies. The accreditation scheme came into force in September 2012, and requires all companies providing cleaning services to Norwegian companies to be approved by the Labour Inspectorate (Arbeidstilsynet [3]). [1] [2] [3]
  • Tense industrial relations at steelworks group

    Struggling steelmaking giant ArcelorMittal [1], which operates in 60 countries and employs around 260,000 people worldwide, had a difficult 2012 in Luxembourg where it employs 3,000 workers. Despite uncertainties surrounding the future of ArcelorMittal’s sites in Luxembourg, and after several months of negotiations, early in the year there had been some progress with social partners in the steelmaking sector and the government. On 28 March 2012, a newspaper article (in French) [2] said that a tripartite memorandum of understanding had been signed setting out a plan to tackle growing economic problems. [1] [2]
  • Committee to look into wage formation process

    In December 2012, the Norwegian Government [1] set up a public committee to review wage formation in Norwegian working life. The tripartite committee was chaired by Professor of Economics at the University of Oslo [2], Steinar Holden. All the major employer and employee organisations were represented on the committee by their economics experts. The committee said in a press release (in Norwegian) [3] it planned to have its recommendations ready by December 15, 2013, well in advance of the wage settlements of spring 2014. [1] [2] [3]
  • Protests and social unrest over wage arrears

    The irregular and delayed payment of wages is a problem that has dogged periods of transition and economic reform in Bulgaria, but it is especially acute in times of crisis. The Bulgarian Government seems to have had a significant impact on the worsening of the situation. Wages have not been paid regularly in state-owned companies such as Irrigation Systems EAD and military engineering plant Sopot EAD. The Government also owes money to companies in the private sector.
  • Study points to alarming rise in youth unemployment

    In March 2012, new research claimed youth unemployment in Bulgaria was much higher than figures from the National Statistical Institute (NSI [1]) suggested. The findings came from a report by research agency Mediana [2], which specialises in political, marketing and social surveys. It presented the main results in its study Unemployment in Bulgaria – factors, type of unemployment, state policy, programmes, effectiveness of measures, and problem identification (in Bulgarian, 665Kb PDF) [3]. [1] [2] [3]
  • Wage pressure and employment strategy in economic crisis

    A National Bank of Poland report (in Polish, 1.2Mb PDF) [1] examined wage pressure on Polish companies using studies conducted among the unemployed and employers, based on two representative samples. The first involved 4,752 respondents, and the second 4,971. They included a random sample of 1,152 firms and a purposive sample of 1,145 firms. The study is inspired by a job search and matching perspective. [1]