Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Disputes over the chronically low wages of nurses and midwives have become
common in Poland over the past decade (*PL0707019I* ). Opposition to
government policy has been further fuelled since 2008 by the healthcare
restructuring initiatives implemented by the Civic Platform (PO )
government. These measures paved the way for the introduction of ‘lean
management’ in public hospitals by only allowing local authorities to apply
for government money to repay the debts of public hospitals if they drew up
restructuring plans and put them into effect. The result of this was that
outsourcing and subcontracting of some hospital services became commonplace
and the transformation of hospitals into businesses was encouraged
While the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis appears to have entered a less acute phase, the economic outlook for the coming months remains poor, with weak growth predicted and unemployment continuing to increase. The fourth issue for 2012 includes: macroeconomic trends and prospects; job creation and job losses at a glance (1/10/-31/12/2012); sectoral distribution of job losses/job gains, and top five cases; Country in focus – Sweden; Irish restructuring support measures in focus; Sector in focus – the newspaper industry.
Young people with disabilities or health problems face particular difficulties in accessing employment. Active inclusion policy is seen as the most appropriate policy instrument for combating the exclusion of these young people from the labour market. This study examines the implementation of active inclusion policy at national level in 11 EU Member States. The study reviews policy in these countries and compiles information from 44 case studies of good practice among diverse and innovative service providers. The study concludes that policy and practice need to focus more keenly on these young people, to learn from available evidence, and to take a more joined-up approach to service delivery.
In 2013, Eurofound will focus on developing its capacity in the area of policy evaluation. The aim is to improve support to policymakers in identifying and understanding which policies in the employment and social area have been more effective than others. Eurofound’s core activity of monitoring developments across Member States is of particular relevance in 2013 as increasing divergence between Member States is a key concern.
A report, Development and protection of well-being and organisational health
in healthcare (in Italian, 3.88Mb PDF) , is being promoted by the Italian
Federation of Hospital and Local Health Agencies (FIASO ) with the aim of
establishing a shared protocol for assessing the risks of work-related
stress. This is in response to the implementation of the 2004 framework
agreement on work-related stress (77.4Kb PDF)  drawn up by the European
Trade Union Confederation (ETUC ) in collaboration with various European
employers’ organisations. The framework was included in Italy’s
legislative decree 81/2008 .
Traditional theory about international business suggests that companies first establish a solid home market and go global only in later stages of their life cycle. However, this view is challenged by research that shows that some firms internationalise quickly after start-up – so-called ‘born globals’. These firms are assumed to be strongly innovative and growth-oriented, and hence could well contribute to the economic and labour market recovery Europe is seeking after the global financial crisis. So far, little is known about the full economic potential of these companies and how best to support them. This study aims to close this knowledge gap by providing a summary of literature and secondary data to characterise born globals and pinpoint their main strengths and weaknesses as well as economic and labour market potential.
The Spanish government has approved the national budget for 2013. The aim of
the budget is to meet the deficit reduction goals agreed with the Eurogroup
, targeted at 6.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) for 2012, 4.5% of GDP
for 2013, and 2.8% of GDP for 2014.
The Dutch coalition government formed by the liberal People’s Party for
Freedom and Democracy (VVD ) and the social democratic Dutch Labour Party
(PvdA ) is seeking support from social partners for its coalition
The Belgian government headed by Elio Di Rupa agreed in December 2011,
shortly after taking office, on a structural reform of pension regulations in
the country. The age at which workers are able to retire on a state pension,
and the minimum age for early retirement were increased. Pension calculations
were also changed, while the conditions governing the early retirement with
an enterprise bonus scheme (RCC ) – used in cases where business
restructuring is taking place – were tightened.