Sanz de Miguel, Pablo
02 August 2012
On 10 February 2012, Spain’s new government, led by the Popular Party, enacted labour legislation reforms that modified collective bargaining rules (*ES1202021I* ). The new law decentralised collective bargaining to a greater degree than the previous reforms brought in by the Socialist Party in 2011 (*ES1107011I* ).  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/unions-oppose-new-law-sanctioning-greater-flexibility  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-to-reform-collective-bargaining-rules
04 March 2012
The Popular Party (PP ) gained an absolute majority in the general elections held on 20 November, 2011, returning to government after eight years. The new government’s stated priorities are deficit reduction and encouraging an increase in employment. This combination has meant that their first move to reduce unemployment has been to enact new legislation designed to give more external and internal flexibility to the labour market.  http://www.pp.es/
26 February 2012
A new regulation to protect workers employed in private households was established by Royal Decree 1620/2011 (in Spanish, 228Kb PDF) , signed in November 2011. The Decree establishes that there are two issues peculiar to the sector of household workers which have historically justified specific and separate regulation.  http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2011/11/17/pdfs/BOE-A-2011-17975.pdf
20 February 2012
Collective bargaining in the commerce sector has traditionally been fragmented, with multiple agreements concluded for different subsectors and at different levels (regional, interprovincial, provincial). The last national agreement was signed in 1996 and it reformed the collective bargaining regulation of 1994 which transferred certain matters, previously regulated by the Workers’ Statute, to collective bargaining.
19 January 2012
In 2011, the Spanish government agreed in its Fiscal and Financial Policy Council to set new goals to try to reduce the average public deficit of all the autonomous communities (regions) from 3.9% to 1.3%. The ultimate goal is to fix the deficit of all the public administrations at 6% of GDP by the end of 2011.
15 December 2011
Telefónica de España SAU  held the public telecommunications monopoly in Spain until thesectorwas liberalised in the 1990s. In May 2011 the multinational company, seeking to make itself more competitive in its home market, applied for a Redundancy Procedure (ERE) which would initially have made 8,500 workers redundant. This was despite reportingprofitsof€10,000 million in 2010.  http://www.telefonica.com/en/home/jsp/home.jsp
06 October 2011
The national debt crisis, which has been affecting the Spanish economy since 2009, worsened in August last. On 5 August, the Spanish risk premium (the spread between the interest offered on 10-year Spanish bonds and 10-year German bonds over the same period) reached its highest level in history, at 421 points. That is, the annual interest on the country’s 10-year bond was 6.47%, 4.21% higher than German bonds. The European Central Bank bought Spanish sovereign bonds in an attempt to lower the risk premium. Furthermore, on 19 August, the government enacted a Royal Decree, containing more measures to decrease the public deficit. These included greater use of cheaper generic drugs by the health service, and arranging for advance taxation of enterprises with a turnover of more than €20 million. The Spanish Prime Minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, fearing a new national debt crisis in the autumn has also proposed that a constitutional limit should be set on the public deficit. His view is that this would be the least painful measure in order to ease the tension in the financial markets.
04 August 2011
The problem of undeclared work in Spain – where employers and workers pay no social security contributions – has been the subject of media discussion and political debate for the last few years. Several initiatives have been launched to combat undeclared work but they have led to little improvement.
18 July 2011
In 2010, the Spanish government implemented drastic and unpopular measures to reduce the public deficit due to pressure exerted by the financial markets and the debt crisis that was affecting several European countries (ES1006011I ). These measures began to work and the deficit dropped to 9.4% of gross domestic product (GDP) at the end of 2010. The government then agreed in its Fiscal and Financial Policy Council to set new goals, aiming to reduce the public deficit of the autonomous communities from 3.9%, the average across all of them, to 1.3%.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-endorses-plan-to-cut-public-deficit
26 May 2011
Public-capital enterprise Aena Aeropuertos S.A. was created by Royal-Decree 13/2010 of 3 December (ES1012021I ). It replaces the public Spanish Airport Company, AENA, and will be in charge of the management and exploitation of the public airport network, previously managed by AENA. However, the area of competences of air navigation will continue to be held by AENA, which will keep a 51% share at least of the business.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/government-endorses-new-measures-to-encourage-growth-and-reduce-deficit