EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

EurWORK content

  • Job retention law leads to unwanted side-effects

    The Law of 25 July 2002 on work incapacity and returning to work sought to increase job retention in Luxembourg, an issue which mainly concerns older workers. However, recent research has found that the first few years of its application have not contributed to the achievement of European and...
  • Municipal employees are postponing retirement

    The proportion of municipal employees in Finland who have postponed their exit from work has increased since the pension reform in 2005. Almost a quarter of those who retired on an old-age pension in 2007 had delayed their exit from the labour market, and each year some 3,000 public sector workers...
  • Working conditions of an ageing workforce

    The report highlights four factors which are key to shaping the age structure of Europe’s workforce: ensuring career and employment security; maintaining and promoting the health and well-being of workers; developing skills and competencies; and reconciling working and non-working life. The...
  • Older workers show highest levels of company loyalty

    In 2007, as part of an international project, the RAIT market research and analysis group examined employee loyalty in Lithuanian companies. The research found that 61% of respondents were committed neither to their employer nor to their work, while only 19% were committed to both. Job satisfaction...
  • Factors determining early exit from employment

    A qualitative research study carried out by the Employment and Training Corporation in 2007 evaluated the factors influencing individuals’ decisions to exit employment before reaching the statutory retirement age. The study was conducted among 30 men aged 55–60 years who were neither working nor...
  • Labour market participation of older people

    A recent study by the Empeiria Development Partnership examines the participation of people aged 55–64 years in the Greek labour market in the period between 1993 and 2004. Despite an increase in the labour force as a whole over the period under examinatione, the share of workers in the 55–64 age...
  • Increase in generational wage gap since early 1990s

    According to a recent study carried out by the Bank of Italy, entry wage levels of young male employees show a significant decline since the early 1990s. Despite a noticeable increase in educational levels, no changes emerge in the ‘age-earnings profile’ over the past three decades. These findings...
  • Managing the transition from work to retirement

    In 2007, the Central Statistical Office published an analysis of the module survey on ‘Transition from work into retirement’, which is based on Labour Force Survey data from the second quarter of 2006. The analysis focuses on the characteristics of people receiving pensions, including their...
  • Report signals employment challenges in the EU despite continuing economic growth

    The ‘Employment in Europe 2007’ report identifies strong economic growth within Member States, accompanied by significant challenges in raising employment rates. It addresses topics high on the European Union’s employment policy agenda, including issues of age, flexicurity, vocational training and...
  • ‘Inclusive working life’ programme reduces sick leave in companies

    ‘Inclusive working life’ (IWL) is a Norwegian intervention programme aimed at reducing sick leave and increasing the average retirement age. In 2005, the National Institute of Occupational Health evaluated the programme by examining 86 company cases, with a view to identifying possible success...

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