Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    Wage bargaining in the private sector commenced on 10 March 1997 with
    negotiations between the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and
    theConfederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO). So far the
    question of voluntary early retirement has been the most difficult issue and,
    after around one week, LO broke off the negotiations. Mediation was due to
    commence the first week after the Easter holidays.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    On 20 February 1997, Parliament adopted a law establishing retirement savings
    funds. This legislation has a dual objective. Firstly, to provide private
    sector employees with a new retirement cover financed by capitalisation, and
    secondly, to strengthen the Paris financial market and balance the growing
    power of foreign institutional investors.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The Portuguese Government is planning to extend its "base-line" minimum
    income system to the whole country, and there are calls for greater
    involvement by the social partners in its operation.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    In November 1996, the UK Government failed in its attempt to have the 1993
    Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of working time (93/104/EC)
    - which lays down specific requirements concerning weekly hours, holidays,
    shifts and other patterns of work - annulled by the ECJ. The DTI launched
    consultations with business organisations on implementation of the Directive
    in December 1996, and the process was completed in March 1997. The DTI is now
    analysing the responses, but is unlikely to produce the results until some
    time after the 1 May general election.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the European Commission launched the second stage of
    consultations with the social partners under the Maastricht Agreement on
    social policy on the proposal for an EU policy to counter sexual harassment
    at work. At this second stage, the social partners will be able to choose
    whether to go down the route of negotiation - leading to a framework
    agreement which can be given legal validity at the EU level. The alternative
    would be to submit their views in anticipation of a policy initiative
    emanating from the Commission.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    Following a strike call issued by French public service trade unions, a
    national day of action comprising strikes and demonstrations took place on 6
    March.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    Under the terms of the Works Constitution Act [1] (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz,
    §§ 111f), a procedure known as "reconcilement of interests [2]"
    (Interessenausgleich) aims at reconciling the positions of the employer and
    the workforce in case of a proposed substantial alteration of the
    establishment, or of bankruptcy. This involves weighing the respective
    interests against one another, as well as reaching an agreement on the
    procedure of change and the necessary human resource planning. Detailed
    arrangements for the subsequent implementation of the changes are then
    subject to the co-determination rights of the works council [3]. In cases
    where the employer makes no attempt to arrive at an agreed reconcilement of
    interests, or without compelling reasons fails to abide by one, employees who
    are dismissed or suffer economic disadvantage as a result may claim
    compensation for the loss of their job. A social plan [4] (Sozialplan) is a
    programme drawn up in the form of a special works agreement [5]
    (Betriebsvereinbarung) between the employer and the works council, and
    resembles a special form of redundancy programme. It contains the
    compensation packages and the human resource policies available to the
    employees affected by the changes. There is no obligation to draw up a social
    plan, provided that: the proposed alteration to the establishment consists
    solely of dismissals; certain maximum limits in terms of a percentage of the
    total workforce are not exceeded; or the case involves a newly formed
    enterprise.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/reconcilement-of-interests
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-rights-of-the-works-council
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/social-plan
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    A working group set up by the Standing Committee of the European Central
    Banks' Trade Unions met in Ferreira do Zêzere in March, and issued a
    declaration relating to the rights of workers involved in the production and
    circulation of the Euro.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    At the beginning of March the first steps were taken towards the creation of
    the first "European super union". One of Britain's biggest trade unions, the
    General, Municipal and Boilermakers' Union (GMB), signed a joint membership
    agreement with the German chemical workers' union. The deal between the GMB
    and IG Chemie-Papier-Keramik means that 1.8 million workers will be entitled
    to joint membership. Although the two unions may not provide the same
    services, UK workers in Germany can expect legal advice, support from
    representatives, and training facilities, while German workers in the UK can
    expect legal advice, health and safety information and financial benefits
    (Record DE9703206N [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/joint-union-membership-for-german-and-uk-workers

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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