09 mai 2006
According to expert evaluations, the scale of the ‘shadow economy’ in Lithuania may be close to 20% of gross domestic product (GDP). A common illegal activity is paying part of employees’ wages in an unofficial manner, thereby evading personal income tax and social insurance contributions. Shortages in the labour force – which are becoming more pronounced due to rapid economic growth in recent years and emigration of labour force – reduce the problem of illegal payment of wages; however, it still remains an issue in many companies. Illegal payment of wages means that national and social insurance budgets do not receive part of the revenues due and employees lose a part of their social guarantees.
22 februar 2006
Currently illegal work in Lithuania is defined in the Labour Code (LC) as work:
07 februar 2006
Trade unions of Lithuanian civil servants have been endeavouring for several years to initiate a bilateral social dialogue with the State as the employer. Such initiatives, however, have been failing so far.
07 februar 2006
Trade unions are traditionally more active and stronger in the public sector than in the private sector in Lithuania (LT0412102F ), and what little strike activity has occurred in recent years has been in the public sector (LT0510102F ). However, in late 2005, the company-level trade union at the country's largest concern, AB Mažeikių Nafta (MN ), announced that it was planning to organise a strike.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-unions-in-focus  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/legal-framework-for-industrial-action-under-debate  http://www.nafta.lt/content.php?pid=5
07 desember 2005
On 29 September 2005, Mr. Artūras Navaitis, the chairman of the national trade union of internal affairs institutions (Vidaus reikalų sistemos respublikinė profesinė sąjunga), Mr. Tomas Vaitkunskas, the chairman of the pre-trial investigation institutions’ trade union of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos ikiteisminio tyrimo įstaigų profesinė sąjunga), Mr. Saulius Džiautas, the chairman of the Lithuanian trade union association of firemen and rescuers (Lietuvos ugniagesių gelbėtojų profesinių sąjungų susivienijimas), Ms. Irena Petraitienė, the chairperson of the Lithuanian trade union of civil servants (Lietuvos valstybės tarnautojų profesinė sąjunga), and Mr. Gemas Durneika, the chairman of the co-ordination council of the Lithuanian trade union association of customs officers (Lietuvos muitinės darbuotojų profesinių sąjungų susivienijimo koordinacinė taryba), signed a joint resolution whereby they raised three key requirements:
06 november 2005
On 24 October 2005, the Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation (Lietuvos profesinių sąjungų konfederacija, LPSK ) filed a petition to Mr. A.Brazauskas, the Prime Minister of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybė, LRV ), where they state that 'the Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation, which unites 26 sectoral trade union organisations and over 100 thousand members, negatively approaches the economic and social policy of governmental authorities. The minimum and real wage rates in Lithuania are among the lowest ones in the European Union. This is one of the reasons for mass emigration of labour force. Given the considerable growth of gross domestic product, wages of most employees are frozen. Average wages in the Republic of Lithuania, as published by the Lithuanian Statistics, keep growing only on the account of growing wages of executive officers of companies. The growth of national budget revenues is used not for social security, but for development of governmental authorities. The tax system renders to poverty Lithuanian individuals with low income and creates no conditions for business development.'  http://www.lpsk.lt/  http://www.lrv.lt/
24 oktober 2005
Since 2000, Lithuanian Statistics (Statistikos departamentas prie Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybės, STD ) has been recording information on: strikes and warning strikes taking place; the distribution of the strikes by economic activities; and the number of employees involved. In its definition of a strike, STD uses the definition given in the current Labour Code: 'a strike means a temporary cessation of work by the employees or a group of employees of one or several enterprises if a collective dispute is not settled or a decision adopted by the conciliation commission, labour arbitration or third-party court, which is acceptable to the employees, is not being executed.' A warning strike is defined by STD as a 'temporary cessation of work by the employees or a group of employees of one or several enterprises organised before the strike and which lasts not longer than two hours'.  http://www.std.lt/
09 oktober 2005
The social partners started deliberation of the Council recommendations concerning the amendment of some provisions of Directive 2003/88/EC on certain aspects of the organisation of working time (EU0506204F ) at the Tripartite Council of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Trišalė Taryba, LRTT ) as early as September 2004. In addition, the issues in question were subject to being agreeing upon with the social partners in writing. The sitting of the LRTT held on June 2005 resolved to delegate the standing Commission for Employment Relations at the LRTT with continuation of discussions concerning the amendments of the mentioned directive and to work out conclusions for the LRTT.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/june-social-council-discusses-working-time-directive  http://www.lrtt.lt/
19 juli 2005
2004 was an extremely active year in Lithuanian politics: the President was removed after the application of impeachment proceedings, following which extraordinary presidential elections were held; European Parliament (EP) members were elected for the first time in Lithuania; and at the end of the year national parliamentary elections were held.
04 juli 2005
May 2005 saw the 10th anniversary of the signing of the first tripartite agreement among the government, employers’ organisations and employees’ organisations in Lithuania and the establishment of the Tripartite Council of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Trišalė taryba, LRTT ) (LT0502104F ). In commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the LRTT and in order to continue with the development of tripartite cooperation in various fields of labour and social security, at a celebratory sitting of the LRTT held on 13 June 2005 the government, both central employers’ organisations (LT0410102F ) and all three trade union organisations (LT0412102F )) signed a 'Tripartite Cooperation Agreement Among the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, Trade Union Organisations and Employers’ Organisations'. The signing of the agreement was attended not only by the members of the LRTT, but also by former and present leaders of the social partners’ organisations as well as the Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania and other members of the cabinet council.  http://www.lrtt.lt/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/achievements-and-problems-of-a-decade-of-tripartite-social-partnership-assessed  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-organisations-agree-cooperation  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-unions-in-focus