In cases where an employer outlines, in a written agreement with employees' representatives, substantive operational reasons that prevent them from designating work to an employee, that employee is entitled to wage compensation. The amount of this compensation is stipulated in the agreement and must be, at minimum, 60% of their average earnings.
Another option allowing flexibility in case of substantive operational reasons that prevent the employer from designating work to an employee is the implementation of a working time account. It must be agreed in written with employees' representatives (also in the collective agreement) and cannot exceed 30 months. An employer is obliged to pay an employee the basic wage component corresponding to the employee's determined weekly working time. The employee is obliged to complete any working hours owed to the employer without undue delay, when the employer is in a position to provide them with work again.
Based on a collective agreement or an agreement with employee representatives, an employer may distribute working time unevenly to individual weeks over a period of 4-12 months. Working time may, however, not exceed 12 hours within 24 hours. An employee may be requested to work overtime for up to 150 hours per calendar year.
According to Informačný systém o pracovných podmienkach (ISPP) 2016, by Trexima s.r.o. and the MPSVR SR, agreements on the implementation of a working time account were concluded in 6.0%, of short-time working in 8.3% and of flexible working time in 24.2% of the surveyed companies in the business sector (3,380 companies with 678,922 employees). However, according to agreements concluded by OZ Kovo (Metal union), mainly in mechanical engineering, automotive and electric sectors, working time account was agreed in 19.8%, flexible working time in 49.3% and short-time working in 29.5% of surveyed companies in the sample. Figures indicate increasing working time flexibility in comparison with 2013 data.
Cost covered by
Involved actors other than national government
- Trade union
- Works council