EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Tittel Country Typesorter i synkende rekkefølge Virkelig navn Engelsk navn
Czechia: Working time flexibility Czechia Working time flexibility Zákon o zaměstnanosti, zákon č. 435/2004 Sb., Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Employment Act (Law No. 435/2004 Coll.), Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Netherlands: Working time flexibility Netherlands Working time flexibility Wet op flexibel werken; Law on flexible work;
Belgium: Working time flexibility Belgium Working time flexibility Loi du 29 mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses relatives au travail/Wet 29 maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen; Arrêté-loi du 28 décembre 1944 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs complété par les arrêtés royaux du 26 mars 2003, 29 mars 2006 and 1 septembre 2006/Besluitwet van 28 december 1944 betreffende de maatschappelijke zekerheid der arbeiders aangevuld met Koninklijk besluit van 26 maart 2003, 29 maart 2006 en 1 september 2006; Loi de redressement contenant des dispositions sociales du 22 janvier 1985/Herstelwet houdende sociale bepalingen van 22 januari 1985 Labour Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions relating to work; Law-decree of 28 December 1944 on social security for employees, completed with royal decrees of 26 March 2003, 29 March 2006 and 1 September 2006; Law of 22 January 1985 on social provisions
Slovenia: Working time flexibility Slovenia Working time flexibility Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Croatia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Croatia Rescue procedures in insolvency Stecajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o financijskom poslovanju i predstecajnoj nagodbi 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Zakon o parnicnom postupku 53/91, 89/14; Zakon o opcem upravnom postupku 47/09; Ovrsni zakon 112/12, 73/17; Zakon o osiguranju potrazivanja radnika u slucaju stecaja poslodavca 86/08, 82/15; Zakon o trgovackim drustvima 111/93, 40/19; Zakon o obveznim odnosima 35/05, 29/18; Zakon o postupku izvanredne uprave u trgovačkim društvima od sistemskog značaja za Republiku Hrvatsku 32/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on Financial Operations and Pre-Bankruptcy Settlement 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Civil Procedure Act 53/91, 89/14; General Administrative Procedure Act 47/09; Enforcement Act 112/12, 73/17; Act on Ensuring Employees’ Claims in Case of Bankruptcy of the Employer 86/08, 82/15; Companies Act 111/93, 40/19; Civil Obligations Act 35/05, 29/18; Law on the Executive Administration Procedure in Companies of Systemic Importance for the Republic of Croatia 32/17
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies act 2014 Companies act 2014
United Kingdom: Rescue procedures in insolvency United Kingdom Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvency Act 1986 Insolvency Act 1986
France: Rescue procedures in insolvency France Rescue procedures in insolvency Sauvegarde des entreprises , Code Du Commerce Companies' rescues law, Commercial Code
Bulgaria: Rescue procedures in insolvency Bulgaria Rescue procedures in insolvency Търговски закон Commerce act
Spain: Rescue procedures in insolvency Spain Rescue procedures in insolvency Ley Concursal (Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2020) Insolvency Law (Legislative Royal Decree Law 1/2020)
Czechia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Czechia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon) ve znění pozdějších předpisů Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (insolvency act)
Estonia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Estonia Rescue procedures in insolvency Saneerimisseadus Reorganisation act
Greece: Rescue procedures in insolvency Greece Rescue procedures in insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Νόμος 3588/2007 Πτωχευτικός Κώδικας; Νόμος 4013/2011 Σύσταση ενιαίας Ανεξάρτητης Αρχής Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων και Κεντρικού Ηλεκτρονικού Μητρώου Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων - Αντικατάσταση του έκτου κεφαλαίου του ν. 3588/2007 (πτωχευτικός κώδικας) - Προπτωχευτική διαδικασία εξυγίανσης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular 1027/2018: Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 - OJHR A-153) by Law 4446/2016 (OJHR A-240), Law 4472/2017 (OJHR A-74), Law 4491/2017 (OJHR A-152), and Law 4512/2018 (OJHR A-5): Indication of critical changes in bankruptcy proceedings and provision of instructions; Law 3588/2007 Bankruptcy cde; Law 4013/2011 Establishment of a single idependent public procurement authority and central electronic public procurement registry - Substitution of the sixth chapter of Law 3588/2007 (bankruptcy code) - Procuring process of consolidation and other provisions
Hungary: Rescue procedures in insolvency Hungary Rescue procedures in insolvency 1991. évi XLIX. törvény a Csődeljárásról és a Felszámolási eljárásról Act XLIX of 1991 on bankruptcy and liquidation proceedings
Lithuania: Rescue procedures in insolvency Lithuania Rescue procedures in insolvency LR juridinių asmenų nemokumo įstatymas Nr. XIII-2221 Law on insolvency of legal entities of the Republic of Lithuania No XIII-2221
Netherlands: Rescue procedures in insolvency Netherlands Rescue procedures in insolvency Faillissementswet; Wet Continuiteit Ondernemingen I; Wet modernisering faillissementsprocedure Bankruptcy act; Continuity of enterprises act I; Bankruptcy procedure modernisation act
Latvia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Latvia Rescue procedures in insolvency Maksātnespējas likums Insolvency law
Germany: Rescue procedures in insolvency Germany Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvenzordnung (InsO); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung der Sanierung von Unternehmen (ESUG); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung von Konzerninsolvenzen; Gesetz zur Fortentwicklung des Sanierungs- und Insolvenzrechts (SanInsFoG) Insolvency statute; Act to further facilitate the restructuring of companies; Act to facilitate the insolvency procedure of large companies (holdings); Act on the advancement of restructuring and insolvency law
Finland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Finland Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkurssilaki (120/2004); Laki yrityksen saneerauksesta (47/1993); Laki yksityishenkilön velkajärjestelystä (57/1993) Bankruptcy act (120/2004); Restructuring of enterprises act (47/1993); Act on the adjustment of the debts of a private individual (57/1993)
Malta: Rescue procedures in insolvency Malta Rescue procedures in insolvency Att dwar il-Kumpanniji Companies act