EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Tittelsorter i synkende rekkefølge Country Type Virkelig navn Engelsk navn
Hungary: Time off for job search Hungary Time off for job search 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Hungary: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Hungary Wage guarantee in case of insolvency 1994. évi LXVI. törvény a Bérgarancia Alapról; 1991. évi XLIX. törvény a csődeljárásról és a felszámolási eljárásról Act LXVI of 1994 on Wage guarantee fund; Act XLIX of 1991 on bankruptcy proceedings and liquidation proceedings
Hungary: Working time flexibility Hungary Working time flexibility 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Ireland: Definition of collective dismissal Ireland Definition of collective dismissal Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000)
Ireland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ireland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007
Ireland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ireland Employment protection in relation to business transfers The European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 The European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Ireland: Notice period to employees Ireland Notice period to employees Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Ireland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ireland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000
Ireland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ireland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021
Ireland: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ireland Redundant employees entitlement to public support Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018 Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies act 2014 Companies act 2014
Ireland: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ireland Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Unfair dismissals acts 1977 to 2007; Employment equality acts 1998 to 2015 Unfair dismissals acts 1977 to 2007; Employment equality acts 1998 to 2015
Ireland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ireland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007 Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ireland Staff information and consultation on business transfers European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ireland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Ireland: Time off for job search Ireland Time off for job search Redundancy Payments Act 1979 Redundancy Payments Act 1979
Ireland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ireland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Protection of employees (employers' insolvency) acts 1984 - 2006 Protection of employees (employers' insolvency) acts 1984 - 2006
Italy: Definition of collective dismissal Italy Definition of collective dismissal Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 8 aprile 1004, n. 110, Modifiche ed integrazioni alla legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, in materia di licenziamenti collettivi; Decreto legislativo n. 149 14/09/2015 Disposizioni per la razionalizzazione e la semplificazione dell'attività ispettiva in materia di lavoro e legislazione sociale, in attuazione della legge 10 dicembre 2014, n. 183; Decreto Legislativo n. 61 del 18 maggio 2018 (Marittimi) Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative Decree 8 April 2004, no. 110, Modification and integrations to Law 23 July 1993, no. 223, concerning collective dismissals; Legislative Decree n. 149 14/09/2015 Provisions for the rationalisation and simplification of inspection work and social legislation, in implementation of the law of 10 December 2014, n. 183; Legislative Decree no.61 of 18 May 2018 (seafarers)
Italy: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Italy Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita; Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 23. Disposizioni in materia di contratto di lavoro a tempo indeterminato a tutele crescenti; Decreto legge 12 luglio 2018, n. 87, Disposizioni urgenti per la dignita' dei lavoratori e delle imprese Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth; Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, no. 23. Provisions on the open-ended employment contract with growing protections; Decree Law 12 July 2018, n. 87, Urgent provisions for the dignity of workers and businesses
Italy: Employees obligation to undertake training Italy Employees obligation to undertake training Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions

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