EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Tittel Countrysorter i synkende rekkefølge Type Virkelig navn Engelsk navn
Belgium: Definition of collective dismissal Belgium Definition of collective dismissal Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault (M B. du 19/2/1998)/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Belgium: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Belgium Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loi du 28 juin 1966 relative à l'indemnisation des travailleurs licenciés en cas de fermeture d'entreprises Law of 28 June 1966 regarding the indemnification of employees that have been laid off as a consequence of a closing of an undertaking
Belgium: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Belgium Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Belgium: Notice period to employees Belgium Notice period to employees Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault/Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault) Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Belgium: Time off for job search Belgium Time off for job search Loi sur le contrat de travail du 3 juillet 1978/Wet betreffende de arbeidsovereenkomsten (3 Juli 1978) Law on Employment Contracts of 3 July 1978
Belgium: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Belgium Staff information and consultation on business transfers Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst n° 9 van 9 maart 1972 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden National and intersectoral Collective Agreement n°9 of 9 March 1972 coordinating national agreements and cross-sectoral collective agreements related to works councils, concluded in the National Work Council
Belgium: Health monitoring of workers affected by restructuring Belgium Health monitoring of workers affected by restructuring Loi du 27 mai 2007 portant exécution de l'accord interprofessionnel pour la période 2007-2008/Wet van 27 Mei 2007 houdende uitvoering van het interprofessioneel akkoord voor de periode 2007-2008 Law of 27 May 2007 on the execution of cross-sectoral agreement 2007-2008
Belgium: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Belgium Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Loi du 5 mars 2017 loi concernant le travail faisable et maniable/Wet van 5 maart 2017 betreffende wendbaar en werkbaar werk Law of 5 March 2017 regarding workable, flexible work
Belgium: Rescue procedures in insolvency Belgium Rescue procedures in insolvency Wet houdende invoeging van het Boek XX van economisch recht 'Insolventie van ondernemingen' 11 August 2017/Loi portant insertion du Livre XX dans le Code de droit économique 'Insolvabilité des entreprises', 11 August 2017; Loi relative à la continuité des entreprises; Wet van 27 mei 2013 - Wet tot wijziging van verschillende wetgevingen inzake de continuïteit van de ondernemingen/Loi de 27 Mai 2013 - Loi modifiant diverses législations en matière de continuité des entreprises Book XX of the economic code 'Insolvency of Enterprises' of 11 August 2017; Act of 27 May 2013 to modify different laws with regards to the continuity of companies
Belgium: Working time flexibility Belgium Working time flexibility Loi du 29 mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses relatives au travail/Wet 29 maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen; Arrêté-loi du 28 décembre 1944 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs complété par les arrêtés royaux du 26 mars 2003, 29 mars 2006 and 1 septembre 2006/Besluitwet van 28 december 1944 betreffende de maatschappelijke zekerheid der arbeiders aangevuld met Koninklijk besluit van 26 maart 2003, 29 maart 2006 en 1 september 2006; Loi de redressement contenant des dispositions sociales du 22 janvier 1985/Herstelwet houdende sociale bepalingen van 22 januari 1985 Labour Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions relating to work; Law-decree of 28 December 1944 on social security for employees, completed with royal decrees of 26 March 2003, 29 March 2006 and 1 September 2006; Law of 22 January 1985 on social provisions
Belgium: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Belgium Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault /Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault); Convention collective de travail no. 109 du 12 février 2014 concernant la motivation du licenciement/Collectieve arbeitsovereenkomst nr. 109 van 12 februari 2014 betreffende de motivering van het ontslag Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law'); Collective Agreement n°109 of 12 February 2014 on justified dismissal
Belgium: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Belgium Employers obligation to support redundant employees Loi 23 decembre 2005 relative au Pacte de solidarité entre les generations/Wet betreffende het generatiepact; Wet van 23 december 2005 tot de verbetering van de werkgelegenheidsgraad van de werknemers; Convention collective de travail n° 82 du 10 juillet 2002 relative au droit au reclassement professionnel pour les travailleurs de quarante-cinq ans et plus qui sont licenciés/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 82 van 10 juli 2002 betreffende het recht op outplacement voor werknemers van 45 jaar en ouder die worden ontslagen; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkost nr. 82 bis van 17 juli 2007 tot wijziging van CAO 82 Law 23 December 2005 with regard to inter-generational solidarity pact; Collective agreement n°82 of 10 July 2002 on the redeployment of dismissed workers aged 45 and older; Collective agreement nr. 82 bis of 17 July 2007 changing collective agreement 82
Belgium: Employees obligation to undertake training Belgium Employees obligation to undertake training 9 maart 2006 Koninklijk besluit betreffende het activerend beleid bij herstructureringen/Arrêté royal du 9 mars 2006 relatif à la gestion active des restructurations Royal decree of 9 March 2006 regarding the active management of restructuring
Belgium: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Belgium Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Arrêté royal du 27 novembre 1973 portant réglementation des informations économiques et financières à fournir aux conseils d'entreprises/Koninklijk besluit houdende reglementering van de economische en financiële inlichtingen te verstrekken aan de ondernemingsraden van 27 November 1973 Royal decree of 27 November 1973 on employers' obligations to provide economical and financial information within works councils
Belgium: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Belgium Employers obligation to support redundant employees 9 maart 2006 Koninklijk besluit betreffende het activerend beleid bij herstructureringen/9 mars 2006 Arrêté royal relatif à la gestion active des restructurations Royal decree of 9 March 2006 regarding active management of restructuring
Belgium: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Belgium Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault /Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault) Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Belgium: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Belgium Severance pay/redundancy compensation Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi /13 februari 1998 Wet houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Belgium: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Belgium Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ordonnance portant organisation et fonctionnement de l'Office régional bruxellois de l'Emploi du 18 janvier 2001/Ordonnantie houdende organisatie en werking van de Brusselse gewestelijke Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling van 18 januari 2001; Décret du 6 mai 1999 relatif à l’Office wallon de la formation professionnelle et de l’emploi (French only); Décret du 7 mai 2004 relatif à la création de l'agence autonomisée externe de droit public 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'/Decreet van 7 mei 2004 tot oprichting van het publiekrechtelijk vormgegeven extern verzelfstandigd agentschap 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Décret du 17 janvier 2000 portant création d’un Office de l’emploi en Communauté germanophone/Decreet van 17 januari 2000 tot oprichting van een dienst voor arbeidsbemiddeling in de Duitstalige Gemeenschap; Accord de coopération du 24 février 2005 conclu entre la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, la Région wallonne, la Région flamande, la Communauté flamande, la Communauté germanophone et la Commission communautaire française concernant la mobilité interrégionale des chercheurs d'emploi/Samenwerkingsakkoord van 24 februari 2005 gesloten tussen het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, het Waals Gewest, het Vlaams Gewest, de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, de Duitstalige Gemeenschap en de Franse Gemeenschapscommissie betreffende de interregionale mobiliteit van de werkzoekenden Ordinance of 18 January 2001 on the organisation and functioning of the Brussels Regional Employment Service; Decree of 6 May 1999 on the Walloon Office for Vocational Training and Employment; Decree of 7 May 2004 on the establishment of the public law external autonomous agency 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Decree of 17 January 2000 on the establishment of an employment office for the German-speaking Community; Cooperation Agreement of 24 February 2005 concluded between the Brussels-Capital Region, the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region, the Flemish Community, the German-speaking Community and the French-speaking Community for inter-regional mobility of job seekers
Bulgaria: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Bulgaria Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Bulgaria: Employees obligation to undertake training Bulgaria Employees obligation to undertake training Кодекс на труда Labour Code

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