EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Tittel Country Typesorter i synkende rekkefølge Virkelig navn Engelsk navn
Czechia: Working time flexibility Czechia Working time flexibility Zákon o zaměstnanosti, zákon č. 435/2004 Sb., Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Employment Act (Law No. 435/2004 Coll.), Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Netherlands: Working time flexibility Netherlands Working time flexibility Wet op flexibel werken; Law on flexible work;
Belgium: Working time flexibility Belgium Working time flexibility Loi du 29 mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses relatives au travail/Wet 29 maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen; Arrêté-loi du 28 décembre 1944 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs complété par les arrêtés royaux du 26 mars 2003, 29 mars 2006 and 1 septembre 2006/Besluitwet van 28 december 1944 betreffende de maatschappelijke zekerheid der arbeiders aangevuld met Koninklijk besluit van 26 maart 2003, 29 maart 2006 en 1 september 2006; Loi de redressement contenant des dispositions sociales du 22 janvier 1985/Herstelwet houdende sociale bepalingen van 22 januari 1985 Labour Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions relating to work; Law-decree of 28 December 1944 on social security for employees, completed with royal decrees of 26 March 2003, 29 March 2006 and 1 September 2006; Law of 22 January 1985 on social provisions
Slovenia: Working time flexibility Slovenia Working time flexibility Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Spain: Working time flexibility Spain Working time flexibility Estauto de los Trabajadores; Real Decreto 801/2011 por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree 801/2011 that enacts regulation on collective dismissals procedures and administrative actions in case of collective transfers; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Estonia: Working time flexibility Estonia Working time flexibility Töölepingu seadus Employment contracts act
Malta: Working time flexibility Malta Working time flexibility Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.110 - Regolamenti dwar is-Sahra (Avviż Legali 46 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 109 tal-2012 u 81 tal-2015) Chapter 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.110 - Overtime Regulations, 2012 (Legal Notice 46 of 2012 as amended by Legal Notices 109 of 2012 and 81 of 2015)
Finland: Working time flexibility Finland Working time flexibility Työaikalaki (872/2019), Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) Working time act (872/2019), Employment contracts act (55/2001)
Germany: Working time flexibility Germany Working time flexibility Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB) III Social code book III
Portugal: Working time flexibility Portugal Working time flexibility Código do trabalho; Decreto-Lei 220/2006 de 3 Novembro Labour code; Decree-Law 220/2006 of 3 November
Italy: Working time flexibility Italy Working time flexibility D.Lgs. 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze; Decreto Legge 25 maggio 2021, n. 73 Misure urgenti connesse all'emergenza da COVID-19, per le imprese, il lavoro, i giovani, la salute e i servizi territoriali. Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 148, Provisions to recast rules on social safety nets for workers in employment; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies; Decree Law 25 May 2021, n. 73 Urgent measures related to the COVID-19 emergency, for businesses, work, young people, health and local services.
Latvia: Working time flexibility Latvia Working time flexibility Darba likums Labour law
Croatia: Working time flexibility Croatia Working time flexibility Zakon o Radu 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19
Lithuania: Working time flexibility Lithuania Working time flexibility Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603 Labour code No XII-2603
Hungary: Working time flexibility Hungary Working time flexibility 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Luxembourg: Working time flexibility Luxembourg Working time flexibility Chômage partiel Short-time work
Norway: Working time flexibility Norway Working time flexibility Lov om lønnsplikt under permittering (permitteringslønnsloven); Folketrygdloven Act on the obligation to pay wages during temporary redundancies; National Insurance Act
Bulgaria: Working time flexibility Bulgaria Working time flexibility Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Slovakia: Working time flexibility Slovakia Working time flexibility Zákonník práce Labour Code
Greece: Working time flexibility Greece Working time flexibility Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις, (ΦΕΚ Α' 73/17.05.2019 και Α' 75/22-05-2019); Έγγραφο 34186/564/18-8-2015, Υπ. Εργασίας, Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης και Κοινωνικής Αλληλεγγύης, Παροχή πληροφόρησης επί χρονικών ορίων εργασίας; Νόμος 3986/2011Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2012 - 2015; N. 3846/2010 Εγγυήσεις γαι την εργασιακή ασφάλεια και άλλες διατάξεις Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities, pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions' (OJHR A-73/17.05.2019 and A-75/22-05-2019); Circular 34186/564/18-8-2015, Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Social Solidarity, information on working times; Law 3986/2011: Urgent measures for the implementation of the medium-term financial strategy framework 2012 - 2015; Law 3846/2010 Guarantees for employment security and other provisions