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  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    The new decree, issued on 14 January, brings Italian pensions legislation
    more into line with the rest of the EU. Presenting the decision to the press,
    the Minister of Labour, Tiziano Treu said that "1997 will be the year in
    which a real supplementary social security system will begin to be set up in
    Italy.".

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    On 19 February, Arbio, the employers' association for the forestry industry,
    sued the Swedish Paper Workers' Union before the Labour Court. Formally, the
    parties are arguing over a sum of less than SEK 50, though in practice the
    case concerns an unlimited amount of money. This is a test case, and the
    question that the Court has to address is: how is the collective agreement on
    sick pay for employees in the paper industry to be interpreted?

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    On 6 February 1997, the Bundesverband Druck employers' association and the
    Industriegewerkschaft Medien trade union signed two new nationwide collective
    agreements for the 130,000 manual workers in the German printing industry.
    The first agreement covers the general developments of wages, and the second
    agreement is a renewal of the sector's general framework agreement on
    employment conditions [1] (Manteltarifvertrag).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/framework-agreement-on-employment-conditions

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    On 29 January 1997, Tele Danmark informed its employees of its decision to
    reduce staff by 2,500 and take on 500 new employees. The decision, which was
    due to come into effect by mid-1998, is part of an efficiency plan, which
    will cut annual costs by DKK 600 million and implement major organisational
    changes.

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    Three independent pay review bodies were created more than 25 years ago in
    what has been described as an attempt "to remove a range of highly sensitive
    settlements from the political arena" (P Bassett, /The Times,/ 7 February
    1997). They recommended pay increases for doctors and dentists, the most
    senior grades in the armed forces, the civil service and the judiciary, and
    for the rest of the armed forces. The pay review system assumed greater
    importance when it was extended to cover nearly 500,000 nurses, midwives and
    other health service professionals in 1983 and a similar number of
    schoolteachers in England and Wales in 1992. In both cases, the creation of
    pay review bodies followed lengthy disputes and a history of repeated failure
    of the negotiating machinery to produce agreement on pay settlements without
    frequent arbitration or periodic special enquiries.

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    At a special Social Dialogue Committee meeting held on 29 November 1996, the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and
    Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), and the European Centre of
    Enterprises with Public Participation (CEEP) adopted a joint contribution to
    the /Confidence Pact for Action on Employment in Europe,/ in preparation for
    the Dublin European Council summit held in December. In their statement, the
    social partners express their deepest concern at the high level of
    unemployment which continues to prevail across the EU, and criticise what
    they perceive as a lack of coordination and implementation of a Europe-wide
    strategy to combat the problem effectively. They pronounce themselves in
    favour of Commission President Santer's proposal for a Confidence Pact, and
    see their declaration as "a committed response to his proposals on the themes
    of youth unemployment, lifelong learning, and better use of Structural Funds
    for job creation, in a macroeconomic environment conducive to growth and
    employment".

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    The second part of the two-year National General Collective Agreement 1996-7
    (EGSSE) came into force at the beginning of 1997. The principal purpose of
    the EGSSE is to set minimum pay levels, which have a two-fold significance:
    providing a framework for the social protection of unskilled workers and
    acting as a guideline for negotiations at more specific levels - enterprise,
    industry-wide or occupational. Whatever is agreed at the level of the EGSEE
    covers, without exception, the whole of the private sector, as well as the
    broader public sector (public administration is excluded). The wages of
    public servants have until now been determined by the Government, but this
    will have to change following Greece's ratification of International Labour
    Organisation Conventions Nos. 151 and 154, which consolidate the right of
    public servants to collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    Nurses had threatened industrial action on 10 February 1997 in pursuit of a
    claim for a major overhaul in their pay structures and an improved early
    retirement scheme. However, the action was called off when the nurses
    accepted an IEP 85 million formula drawn up by the Labour Court, which
    includes the creation of a commission which will examine a range of issues
    related to the nursing profession. Four trade unions representing over 26,000
    nurses were involved in the dispute, the largest being the 16,000-strong
    Irish Nurses Organisation (INO).

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    Judging from a recent exchange of letters between a Dutch trade unions and
    the Department of Justice, it would appear that cross-border cooperation
    between unions, let alone their international merger, is beset with legal
    difficulties.

Series

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications

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