Eurofound News November-December 2013
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Exploring gender and working conditions
Gender equality has progressed considerably over the past 40 years; however, gender gaps persist in many aspects of the labour market. Women and men are employed in different occupations and industries, and under different contracts; men are paid more than women; and, while men spend more time on paid work than women, women work longer when domestic and care duties are factored in.
A new report from Eurofound continues the series of in-depth analyses of data from the Agency’s fifth European Working Conditions Survey. Its rich set of data – encompassing some 44,000 workers across 34 European countries – was used to explore gender differences across several dimensions of working conditions, and to look at relevant country differences. Strikingly, just five of the 20 occupational groups that employ the most workers have a balanced gender mix. And, while men enjoy greater well-being at work than women, women who remain in employment still have greater well-being than those who leave the labour market.