Resources: Key Eurofound reports and other resources on mobility and migration

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Regulation of labour market intermediaries and the role of social partners in preventing trafficking of labour reports on how public authorities are currently regulating labour market intermediaries across EU Member States and Norway, highlighting the effectiveness or otherwise of different registration or licensing schemes. It also examines activities by social partners aimed at preventing the trafficking of labour.

Foundation Focus 18 – Workers in Europe: Mobility and migration This issue of Foundation Focus draws on Eurofound’s extensive research findings to explore the issues around mobility and migration in the EU, focusing on efforts to reach a balanced approach. It examines the scale of mobility between EU Member States and whether this mobility has had a disproportionate impact on public services in the destination countries. It also looks at the necessary conditions for the successful integration of third-country nationals, local integration policies for migrants, and challenges for EU labour markets.

Social dimension of intra-EU mobility: Impact on public services examines the extent to which mobile citizens from the central and eastern European Member States (the EU10) take up benefits and services in nine host countries. It also provides a demographic and socioeconomic profile of mobile EU10 citizens and identifies initiatives aimed at integrating them in the host countries and helping them with access to benefits and services.

Challenges of policy coordination for third-country nationals This report focuses on third-country nationals and looks at how policies related to migration, the labour market and integration are coordinated. It reviews the operation of policy coordination, with a focus on the social partners and local-level initiatives.

Labour mobility in the EU: Recent trends and policies provides an overview of migration patterns and trends in the EU, both between and within countries, during the economic downturn. It also reviews recent policy initiatives and measures promoted by national, regional and local governments and social partners that directly or indirectly facilitate interregional and cross-border mobility of EU nationals.

Mobility and migration of healthcare workers in central and eastern Europe highlights the key challenges facing the central and eastern European Member States as a result of the high number of health professionals leaving to work abroad. It also outlines the policy responses of these Member States aimed at stemming this outflow and encouraging the return of emigrant healthcare workers.

Labour mobility within the EU: The impact of return migration explores to what extent a return migration of mobile workers from the central and eastern European Member States occurred in the wake of the economic and financial crisis. The report is based on existing statistical data and literature, as well as interviews with returnees, policymakers and experts on migration.

Posted workers in the European Union examines the extent of the posting of workers. It also looks at the roles played by European and national-level legislation and collective bargaining in determining the employment and working conditions of posted workers.

CLIP project outputs

The CLIP project brought together 30 European cities to share knowledge and experiences of local integration policies for migrants. The project comprised four research modules outlined below.

  • Intercultural policies in European cities looks at the major needs in intergroup relations, the responses taken to meet these needs, and cities’ efforts to improve attitudes and relations between majority and minority groups. The web page includes a summary of recommendations and links to the overview report and case studies.
  • Ethnic entrepreneurship looks at the contribution of ethnic entrepreneurs to the economic growth of their local areas and examines what city authorities are doing to attract ethnic entrepreneurs into their established business communities. The web page includes a summary of recommendations and links to the overview report and case studies.

The CLIP info sheet provides an overview of the project and the wrap-up report Building intercultural bridges in European cities summarises the policy-relevant experiences of the CLIP network.  

Other resources

Free movement of EU citizens and their families: Five actions to make a difference The 2013 European Commission Communication clarifying EU citizens’ rights and obligations under the free movement provision and addressing the concerns raised by some Member States.

International migration outlook 2015 The latest edition of the OECD’s annual reports on recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and some non-member countries.

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