Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    The reform of the guaranteed minimum income and developments in sector-level bargaining in the bus transport and construction sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Luxembourg in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    ​​​​​​​The European Parliament’s backing of the work–life balance directive, the reaction of social partners to social rights initiatives, an overdue review of CETA and an extension to the joint fight against cancer are the main topics of interest in this article. This update reports on the latest developments in working life in the European Union in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    Inconclusive social partner talks on the minimum wage rise, public sector disputes and the latest major changes to legislation are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Poland in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    New measures regarding equal pay and parliamentary debates on labour law reform are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Portugal in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    Proposed changes to the pensions system, the positive impact of holiday vouchers, compensation for workers affected by the African swine flu outbreak and trade union protests are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Romania in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    The participation of the Association of Industry Unions in national-level tripartite social dialogue, the establishment of a trade union at Amazon’s logistic centre in Sered, and an increase in the subsistence minimum are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovakia in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    4 december 2018

    The priorities of the new government, social partners’ concerns over the new coalition agreement, and the high levels of stress among young people are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovenia in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Policy brief
    30 november 2018

    People with disabilities are among the most disadvantaged groups in the EU. This policy brief examines the social situation of people of working age with disabilities, using data from the 2011 and 2016 rounds of the European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS). The brief looks at changes over this period in employment, education and training, participation in society, social protection and healthcare, all priority areas of the European Disability Strategy. The brief also looks at the subjective well-being of this group of Europeans and examines the factors that influence their well-being.

  • Report
    30 november 2018

    A living wage has been defined as a measure of income that allows an employee a basic but socially acceptable standard of living. In recent decades, living wage initiatives have emerged in a small number of mainly English-speaking countries, including the UK and Ireland. These initiatives have developed in response to the inadequacy of income for many working households reliant on existing statutory minimum wage rates.

  • Report
    29 november 2018

    This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the commerce sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements.

Series

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications