EMCC dossier on the transport and logistics sector – Additional sources of information
This document lists further sources of information on the European transport and logistics sector that may be of interest to the reader.
- European Commission, DG Energy and Transport, Energy and Transport figures 2006 – Part 3 Transport
Energy and Transport figures 2006 contains key data concerning transport in Europe. It is probably one of the most important quantitative transport data sources currently available. The pocketbook contains statistics on issues such as passenger figures, household expenditure and specific statistics on air, sea, road and rail transport. It also includes statistics on infrastructure – for instance, length of roads, railway density and length of pipelines. Most of the statistics are available either for the EU as a whole, or broken down by country. All the statistics can be downloaded in Excel format.
- European Commission, Keep Europe moving – Sustainable mobility for our continent, 2006
Keep Europe Moving is the mid-term review of the European Commission’s 2001 Transport White Paper. It recaps the main objectives from 2001, which include to ensure a high level of mobility for European citizens, to protect the environment, ensure energy security, promote minimum labour standards for the sector and protect passenger and citizens. The mid-term review discusses a number of recent developments that affect both these aims and their realisation, such as enlargement, which has both made Europe’s bigger and expanded its access to sea ports. It also looks at the impact of consolidation in aviation and maritime transport, ongoing innovation, and the increasing prominence of sustainability as a policy goal. The review lists a number of policy actions for each challenge of the transport sector.
- OECD, Infrastructure to 2030: Telecom, land transport, water and electricity, 2006 and Infrastructure to 2030 (Volume 2): Mapping policy for electricity, water and transport, 2007
These two OECD publications highlight the upcoming issues in securing future infrastructure that is adequate for modern societies. The analyses cover projections for 2010, 2020 and 2030 for the the OECD and Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and a number of developing countries. The first report, Telecom, land transport, water and electricity, addresses the issues of future demand for infrastructure: it concludes that unless government policies remain unchanged the world will consume twice as much energy in 2030 as in 2006. The report also addresses how trends such as globalisation, economic growth, urbanisation, an ageing society and climate change will affect the development and financing of infrastructure. The second report, Mapping policy for electricity, water and transport, addresses the issue of policies in the field of infrastructure and a proposes a number of policy recommendations. The publications can be purchased through the reports’ publications page; however, a table of contents, and a sample chapter of the first report is available.
- Department for Education and Employment, United Kingdom, An assessment of skill needs in transport, 2001
This report aims to bring together different sources and opinion’s on the UK’s future skills needs. It concludes that adequate information is lacking, regarding skills requirements in the sector; the transport sector is facing labour shortages in a number of areas; in the logistics sector, issues have arisen regarding employment regulation, labour flexibility and education and training, while technological development, expanding markets, and higher overall skills levels in society all affect the sector. It concludes that the government must show the same commitment to vocational training as it has to higher education.
- European Environment Agency, Transport and environment: On the way to a new common understanding of transport policy, 2007
This publication addresses the issue of how the environmental performance of the European transport sector may be improved. It concludes that the overall demand for transport in modern Europe has to be addressed if the growth of transport, its harmful emissions and externalities are to be changed. The report also addresses the need for political action to change the balance between the various modes of transport so that the sector as a whole may become more sustainable. More information can be obtained at the European Environment Agency website.
- European Commission, DG Energy and Transport, Sevrail study – Assessment of present and future likely conditions of providing rail-related services, 2006
This report assesses the current and future conditions for providing such services as maintenance, traction, shunting and terminal services. It analyses the legislative framework surrounding the railways, as well as the and demand and supply patterns of the sector. On the basis of this analysis, and a number of interviews with stakeholders, the report concludes that most of the problems in the railway sector are due to its being to an immature market, and that further liberalisation would be beneficial.
- The Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in the Social Sciences, Foresight for transport: A foresight exercise to help forward thinking in transport and sectoral integration, 2004
This aimed to identify factors outside the transport sector that could have an impact on transport and mobility. The report contains short-, medium- and long-term scenarios for the EU transport sector. It identifies a number of trends and challenges, including ageing, labour market and leisure patterns, expanding information and communication technologies, environmental concerns and increasing demand for transport as a result of increasing economic growth. The report develops a number of alternative scenarios on the basis of these trends, and others.
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport, 2006
This review brings together data and analysis of the current situation in global maritime transport. A number of themes are analysed, the association between the development of global trade and maritime transport, the condition of the world fleet, and regional developments, including public–private partnerships in Europe. It includes substantial data in a number of annexes.
- European Commission DG Energy and Transport, European Energy and Transport: Trends to 2030 – Update 2005, 2006
This publication contains projections of the EU’s energy and transport needs. It develops a baseline scenario taking the following factors into account: high energy prices, demographic developments, economic growth, and new national and EU-level policies. The report concludes that by 2030 total energy consumption will increase by 25% over the levels in 2000, and that the energy consumption of the transport sector is rising relative to other sectors. However, it sees transport activity rising more than transport energy demand, thanks to improved fuel efficiency. Country- and EU-specific statistics for energy consumption and transport are also provided.
European Commission DG Energy and Transport, ASSESS – Assessment of the contribution of the TEN and other transport policy measures to the mid-term Implementation of the White Paper on European Transport Policy for 2010, 2005
The ASSESS project has collected information on existing transport achievements in relation to the EU Transport White Paper from 2001 and possibly policy implementation scenarios for 2010 and 2020. The report assesses the success in implementing the policy measures outlined in the 2001 White Paper. At the European level, 50% of the measures have adopted by the European Parliament and the European Council and another 15% have been proposed as legislation. In particular, financing mechanisms have been renewed for the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T). However, Community policy on effective transport charging has done little to improve the environmental consequences of rising air traffic. The level of implementation in the Member States has been more limited; however, this is not unusual for EU legislation. The report goes on to recommend more liberalisation, independent national regulation authorities and better infrastructure regulation.