EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Simplified Employment Act, Hungary

02 June 2013
  • Hungary
  In 2010, the Hungarian government introduced the Simplified Employment Act (2010/LXXV) to facilitate seasonal and casual employment notifications, reports and payments. The regulations of the Act can be viewed, and are viewed at political level, to be an anticipatory measure to tackle undeclared work. Official data shows that those employers who normally notify the authorities anyway are the most likely to use the new system. However, it is still unclear whether it will regularise the Hungarian labour market.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Simplifying start-up business procedures, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

02 June 2013
  • Macedonia
  By reducing the time, procedural steps and financial costs required to start a business, the government of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia aims to make entry to the formal sector easier. A ‘one-stop shop’ system was initiated and implemented, including an online application system for registering companies, an electronic system for the classification of companies under court procedures for insolvency, and an electronic system for the registration of collateral and leasing.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Identity card for construction sector, Luxembourg

02 June 2013
  • Luxembourg
  The social partners of construction in a tripartite meeting in 2012 decided to introduce an ID card for every worker on a construction site. This will make control by the Labour inspection easier in a sector that is experiencing competition on the basis of low prices that could contribute to the non-respect of Luxembourg legislation.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Awareness campaign for students, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

02 June 2013
  • Macedonia
  The government of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has initiated a campaign to raise awareness among students of the negative aspects of working informally. The focus targeted vocational school students in the first instance, as they were seen as the most likely group to engage in undeclared work.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention

Mandatory cash registers for entrepreneurs, Poland

02 June 2013
  • Poland
  In 2010, the Polish Ministry of Finance introduced new regulations, to decrease the number of entrepreneurs exempt from registering sales electronically and hence widen the general use of electronic cash registers. While the instant response by taxpayers has not been overwhelming, the initiative is still considered a step in the right direction, as it increases the level of equality before law.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Let’s stop undeclared work campaign, Slovenia

02 June 2013
  • Slovenia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Regulating the labour relationship of domestic workers, Spain

02 June 2013
  • Spain
  A new regulation covering the working conditions of domestic staff in Spain came into force on 1 January 2012. It affects approximately 700,000 workers, most of whom are women. The new regulation puts household workers on the same level as normal employees in many respects, such as wages and working time. It also offers workers greater social protection by including them in the social security system. The unions have been positive about these measures.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Compulsory approval for cleaning companies, Norway

02 June 2013
  • Norway
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

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