EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

New tax rules against undeclared work, Denmark

02 June 2013
  • Denmark
 
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Rules for Business Centre, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention

New law on foreign workers, Turkey

02 June 2013
  • Turkey
  On 1 February 2012, a new law on the residence and travel of foreigners in Turkey came into force. This law brings to an end the so-called ‘visa runs’ by foreigners living in Turkey without a residency. For foreigners working in the undeclared economy in Turkey, this new law represents a significant obstacle to continuing their activities.   Background
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Amnesty for illegal migrants, Poland

02 June 2013
  • Poland
  Following long-standing pressure from civil society organisations supported by economic experts, the Polish parliament adopted a law legalising the situation of foreign citizens illegally residing in Poland and give them social rights. The amnesty was launched for the third time this century. The take-up by the target group (almost 10,000 applications) was higher than expected.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Services vouchers, Belgium

02 June 2013
  • Belgium
  On 1 January 2004, the Belgian federal government launched a system of services vouchers in a new attempt to boost job creation by promoting the demand for domestic services and proximity services and to offer an alternative to the local employment agencies’ scheme.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Tax reforms to create new jobs, Turkey

02 June 2013
  • Turkey
  To take away barriers to formalisation and to reduce the costs of labour, the Turkish government introduced a series of tax reforms aimed mainly at reducing the tax burden for companies and employees. Since 2006, these reforms have resulted in the creation of many additional formal jobs.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Social information and investigation service, Belgium

02 June 2013
  • Belgium
  The federal government of Belgium has set up the Social Information and Investigation Service to intensify and streamline the fight against social welfare benefit fraud. This new organisation is specifically designed to improve coordination between the various parties involved in fraud prevention. As part of this initiative, the competencies of social welfare inspectors have also been extended.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

National strategy to reduce illegal work, Romania

02 June 2013
  • Romania
  In view of the high level of informal work in the country, in June 2009 the Romanian Government (Guvernul României) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the European Commission for the purpose of creating a ‘Mechanism to monitor, control, and reduce the rate of illegal work in Romania’. The national strategy and action plan form an integral part of an inter-institutional approach to tackle the problem of undeclared work, which includes stiffer penalties for employers found to be in breach of the regulations.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

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