EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Tool to measure labour costs in construction, Italy

02 June 2013
  • Italy
  The social partners in the construction sector defined a set of ‘appropriateness’ parameters in October 2010 to be used to assess the regularity of firms in terms of the incidence of labour on total costs. The parameters are designed to promote the regularisation of undeclared work. At present, an experimental phase is still under way.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Measures to curb employing migrants illegally, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
  As a result of the opening of the Slovak labour market in 2004, illegal migration to the country increased. To prevent illegal immigration, including illegal employment, specific measures were adopted in 2011 by amendments to the Act No. 223/2011. The adopted legislation also transposed the EU Directive on illegal migration and improved cooperation between partner institutions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Central monitoring system for tourism, Montenegro

02 June 2013
  • Montenegro
  Tourism is one of Montenegro’s most important economic sectors. However it seems that a large part of its activity is carried out without the knowledge of the authorities, as much of the work is undeclared. Therefore efforts are being made to develop a system that will enable clear monitoring of the tourism sector.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

National campaign on undeclared work, Portugal

02 June 2013
  • Portugal
  An awareness and information campaign is under preparation in Portugal based on the need to increase the public's awareness about the risks of undeclared work, particularly as far as sanctions are concerned. The campaign targets the following groups having different types of responsibilities and interventions: citizens in general, children and young people, employers and those at decision-making level; and workers.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Changes to standard contract in public procurement, Cyprus

02 June 2013
  • Cyprus
  The Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance has introduced several measures to combat undeclared and illegal employment in Cyprus. Among these is the tightening of obligations and penalties in public work contracts in order to support the enforcement of labour legislation.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Improved protection for migrant workers, France

02 June 2013
  • France
  This measure aims to strengthen the financial sanctions used against employers who hire undocumented migrant workers by making the employer either pay the worker or, if they have left the country, pay a public body damages. It is also a way of increasing the social rights and improving the finances of migrant workers.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Strengthening non-financial sanctions, France

02 June 2013
  • France
  This measure aims to prevent employers from using undeclared workers by increasing the use of non-financial penalties. The aim is to reduce the prevalence of undeclared work and to encourage employers to comply with the law. Penalties can include being barred from tendering for public works for a period, being excluded from receiving financial support from the state or being forced to close down the establishment for three months.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Mandatory employment contract for undeclared workers, Slovenia

02 June 2013
  • Slovenia
  In December 2006 the Prevention of Illegal Work and Employment Act was amended with a new provision to protect workers. It imposes a duty to conclude an employment contract for an indefinite period to any employer who is caught employing unemployed or inactive persons on an undeclared basis. The authority that ensures the implementation of this measure is the Labour Inspectorate (Inšpektorat Republike Slovenije za delo, IRSD). Although the measure was first adopted in 2006, its effects were not seen until 2007 and beyond.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

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