EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Comparative information

18 items found
  • 2014
    Young people in Europe have been particularly affected by the recession: by mid-2013, the unemployment rate among people aged 24 and under was over 23%. A large proportion of workers in this age group are employed on temporary rather than permanent contracts (42% compared to just 10% of workers aged 25–64). While temporary or fixed-term contracts can be a stepping stone in the transition from education into work, they can also trap young people in insecure jobs. This report from the European Restructuring Monitor is based on data from correspondents in 28 EU Member States and Norway. It examines the reasons for the growth in temporary employment contracts across the EU and explores the situation regarding access to social protection for young people on such contracts. It reviews the measures put in place in various countries to regulate the use of these contracts – often with a view to encouraging the transition to standard contracts – and finally presents the opinions of the social partners on the issue.
    EMCC
  • 2013
    Across Europe, restructuring in SMEs receives less public attention than large-scale restructuring. However, the recent economic crisis has sharpened policy focus in this area. The current discussion centres around the anticipation of change and individual forms of restructuring – particularly business expansion and internal restructuring – with the accent on business rather than labour market issues. A wide range of supports for SMEs and their employees in restructuring is available – either as part of the support provided for all restructurings, or specifically targeted at SMEs and their employees. However, there is potential for improvement in terms of technical aspects (for example, the reduction of bureaucracy, greater involvement of social partners and increasing transparency of available support) and content-related features (such as provision of diagnostic tools, financial instruments and networking possibilities).
    EMCC
  • 2012
    Increasing the participation of young people in the labour market has become an urgent policy goal and in recent times the focus has been directed at the ‘NEET’ group – young people ‘not in employment, education and training’. This report summarises the findings from 28 national reports by experts from the ‘European Restructuring Monitor’ (ERM) network on the topic of public and social partner based measures aimed at re-engaging young NEETs (aged 15–29 years). The aim of the report is to explore the most recent NEET-specific policy interventions in the EU Member States and Norway, as well as other policy measures aimed at promoting the general employment participation of young people, which potentially impact on NEETs. The findings show that given the diversity of the NEET population, Member States have adopted policy measures addressing various NEET sub-groups in order to provide more tailored and personalised support.
    EMCC
  • 2012
    Self-employment and job creation is a key policy area in Europe and is considered to be an important element in fostering economic growth and employment. The financial and economic crisis has had a negative impact on self-employment andconsequently policy focus has been directed at fostering job creation in this area. The aim of this study, based on research carried out by national correspondents across the European Union, is to identify what measures of support are available for those who want to create one-person and micro enterprises. The study finds that policies to aid entrepreneurship and thus help create jobsalready existed before the economic and financial crisis and have received only slightly more focus due to the crisis. In general, instruments to aid self-employment are not new, but have been given higher priority because of the crisis.
    EMCC
  • 2011
    Employers are at the heart of the restructuring process since they have to make the ultimate decisions about the location of their businesses. However, they do not operate alone. This study looks at the role of the different actors in each EU member state. It lists the information in a set of interactive tables allowing the reader to choose what information is displayed.
    EMCC
  • 2011
    The current policy and public debate on the overall topic of ‘entrepreneurship’ pays little attention to more specific or emerging forms of entrepreneurship such as one-person enterprises and self-employment, part-time entrepreneurs, parallel and serial entrepreneurs, and business transfer and successions. This study examines the appearance of these distinct catgeories in public and policy discussions across Europe and gives an overview of the availability of quantitative and qualitative statistical information and of research on emerging forms of entrepreneurship.This study notes that the category of one-person enterprises and self-employment is the one most often included in the debate, whereas the other forms of emerging entrepreneurship receive less attention. However, across Europe growing attention is paid to all these forms as drivers for growth and employment, and they are being recognised as flexible forms that offer a transitional state between employment and business development.
    EMCC
  • 2011
    Local employment initiatives involving the cooperation of various public and private stakeholders are the focus of this study. The report examines how such local partnerships have been and are being used across the EU and Norway to prevent or counteract the effects of the economic crisis on labour markets. Examples vary of local public-private partnerships delivering employment initiatives. Some examples of local partnerships put in place in response to the crisis can be found, typically in countries where there is a long-standing tradition of such initiatives. The findings indicate that local employment initiatives have played a limited role in dealing with the adverse employment effects of the crisis across reviewed countries, as a number of ad-hoc measures and programmes have generally been designed and introduced by national authorities.
    EMCC
  • 2010
    There have been a number of legal changes since 2006. Such changes may be designed to ensure full coherence with the objectives of EU legislation, or in some cases, to respond to the specific challenges of the recession. Most of the changes relate to the Member States that have entered the EU since 2004, although there have been some changes in other Member States.  Some examples include:
    EMCC
  • 2010
    Many public authorities try to foster the creation of new jobs in areas where restructuring and redundancies have occurred. This study looks at regional and local job creation measures. It lists the initiatives country by country in a set of interactive tables, allowing readers to choose what information is displayed.
    EMCC
  • 2010
    This study provides a comparative overview of the extent of support available for workers directly affected by restructuring. It lists the financial and other supports available for workers who lose their jobs as a result of restructuring plus an indication of how important collective agreements are.
    EMCC

Pages