The Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) announced the hiring of 25,596 teachers, according to Law no. 13 July 2015, no.107. These include 10,849 teachers and 14,747 support teachers. The access to the selection is restricted to candidates enlisted in two different ranks, one including precarious teachers on the basis of their previous working experience, and the other including people who have passed the open competition (public examination) held in 2012 but have not been assigned a permanent position yet.
The recruitment plan also includes the replacement of 21,880 teachers who are to retire, and the hiring of 55,258 teachers to implement complementary activities planned by schools or substitute teaching. However, the latter will be recruited on a temporary basis despite the initial intention to offer permanent contracts.
Unions have expressed concerns as most of the positions are available only in Northern Italy, thus forcing the new hires to move far away from home or lose the chance to get a teaching job. The union representatives commented that about 30% of precarious teachers in the position to get the job have not applied. Unions also criticised the extensive recourse to temporary contracts in the plan.