EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Native name English namesort ascending
Ireland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ireland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000
Ireland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ireland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996)
Ireland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ireland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000); Protection of Employment (Exceptional Collective Redundancies and Related Matters) Act, 2007 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000); Protection of Employment (Exceptional Collective Redundancies and Related Matters) Act 2007
Ireland: Definition of collective dismissal Ireland Definition of collective dismissal Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000)
Ireland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ireland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006 Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006
Sweden: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Sweden Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Lag (1974:13) om vissa anställningsfrämjande åtgärder Promotional Measures Act (1974:13)
Greece: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Greece Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals ΠΔ 178/2002: Μέτρα προστασίας των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων ή επιχειρήσεων, σε συμμόρφωση προς την οδηγία 98/50/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου; Ν. 3846/2010: Εγγυήσεις για την εργασιακή ασφάλεια και άλλες διατάξεις. PD 178/2002: Μeasures for safeguarding employees' rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, businesses or parts of businesses, transposing Directive 98/50/EC; Law 3846/2010: Guarantees for job security and other provisions
Finland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Finland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Palkkaturvalaki (866/1998) Pay Security Act (866/1998)
Netherlands: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Netherlands Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loongarantieregeling/Werkloosheidswet – WW Pay guarantee regulation/Unemployment Insurance Act
Belgium: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Belgium Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ordonnance portant organisation et fonctionnement de l'Office régional bruxellois de l'Emploi du 18 janvier 2001/Ordonnantie houdende organisatie en werking van de Brusselse gewestelijke Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling van 18 januari 2001; Décret du 6 mai 1999 relatif à l’Office wallon de la formation professionnelle et de l’emploi (French only); Décret du 7 mai 2004 relatif à la création de l'agence autonomisée externe de droit public 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'/Decreet van 7 mei 2004 tot oprichting van het publiekrechtelijk vormgegeven extern verzelfstandigd agentschap 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Décret du 17 janvier 2000 portant création d’un Office de l’emploi en Communauté germanophone/Decreet van 17 januari 2000 tot oprichting van een dienst voor arbeidsbemiddeling in de Duitstalige Gemeenschap; Accord de coopération du 24 février 2005 conclu entre la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, la Région wallonne, la Région flamande, la Communauté flamande, la Communauté germanophone et la Commission communautaire française concernant la mobilité interrégionale des chercheurs d'emploi/Samenwerkingsakkoord van 24 februari 2005 gesloten tussen het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, het Waals Gewest, het Vlaams Gewest, de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, de Duitstalige Gemeenschap en de Franse Gemeenschapscommissie betreffende de interregionale mobiliteit van de werkzoekenden Ordinance of 18 January 2001 on the organisation and functioning of the Brussels Regional Employment Service; Decree of 6 May 1999 on the Walloon Office for Vocational Training and Employment; Decree of 7 May 2004 on the establishment of the public law external autonomous agency 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Decree of 17 January 2000 on the establishment of an employment office for the German-speaking Community; Cooperation Agreement of 24 February 2005 concluded between the Brussels-Capital Region, the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region, the Flemish Community, the German-speaking Community and the French-speaking Community for inter-regional mobility of job seekers
Latvia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Latvia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Par darbinieku aizsardzību darba devēja maksātnespējas gadījumā On protection of employees in case of insolvency of the employer
Belgium: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Belgium Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Loi du 29 Mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses/Wet of 29 Maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen (Titre 9 - Chapitre 4: Pyramide des âges en cas de licenciement collectif/Titel 9 - Hoofdstuk 4: Leeftijdspiramide bij collectief ontslag) Omnibus Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions (Title 9 - Chapter 4: Population pyramid in case of collective dismissal)
Belgium: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Belgium Staff information and consultation on business transfers Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst n° 9 van 9 maart 1972 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden National and intersectoral Collective Agreement n°9 of 9 March 1972 coordinating national agreements and cross-sectoral collective agreements related to works councils, concluded in the National Work Council
Ireland: Notice period to employees Ireland Notice period to employees Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Italy: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Italy Redundant employees entitlement to public support Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 22, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in caso di disoccupazione involontaria e di ricollocazione dei lavoratori disoccupati; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, n. 22, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in the event of involuntary unemployment and relocation of unemployed workers; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, n. 148, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in constance of employment; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions
Italy: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Italy Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Decreto Legislativo 27 gennaio 1992, n. 80, Attuazione della direttiva 80/2987/CE in materia di tutela dei lavoratori subordinati in caso di insolvenza del datore di lavoro Legislative Decree 27 January 1992, no. 80, Implementation of Directive 80/2987/EC concerning employees’ protection in case of employer’s insolvency
Italy: Employees obligation to undertake training Italy Employees obligation to undertake training Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions
Italy: Working time flexibility Italy Working time flexibility D.Lgs. 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 148, Provisions to recast rules on social safety nets for workers in employment; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies
Spain: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Spain Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Real Decreto Legislativo 1/1995, Ley 22/2003, Real Decreto 20/2012 Legal Decree 1/1995, Law 22/2003, Royal Decree 20/2012
Cyprus: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Cyprus Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ν. 25(I)/2001 - Ο περί της Προστασίας των Δικαιωμάτων των Εργοδοτουμένων σε Περίπτωση Αφερεγγυότητας του Εργοδότη Νόμος του 2001, όπως τροποποιήθηκε από Ν. 14(I)/2006, Ν. 89(I)/2006, Ν. 20(I)/2008, N. 13(I)/2014 Law regulating the protection of the rights of employees in the event of the employer's insolvency law 25(I)2001; amended by law 14 (I)2006, law 89(I)2006 and law 20(I)/2008, law 13(I)/2014

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