EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Native namesort descending English name
Netherlands: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Netherlands Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Loongarantieregeling/Werkloosheidswet – WW Pay guarantee regulation/Unemployment Insurance Act
Norway: Working time flexibility Norway Working time flexibility Lov om lønnsplikt under permittering (permitteringslønnsloven); Folketrygdloven Act on the obligation to pay wages during temporary redundancies; National Insurance Act
Norway: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Norway Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Lov om statsgaranti for lønnskrav ved konkurs m.v. (lønnsgarantiloven) Act on state guarantee for wages in case of insolvency
Lithuania: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Lithuania Redundant employees entitlement to public support LR nedarbo socialinio draudimo įstatymas Nr. IX-1904, LR užimtumo įstatymas Nr. XII-2470 Law on unemployment social insurance No IX-1904, Law on employment No XII-2470
Latvia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Latvia Rescue procedures in insolvency Maksātnespējas likums Insolvency law
Ireland: Notice period to employees Ireland Notice period to employees Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Minimum Notice and Terms of Employment Acts, 1973 - 2015; Protection of Employment Act, 1977; Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Greece: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Greece Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals N. 1387/1983: Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις; N. 3863/2010: Νέο Ασφαλιστικό Σύστημα και συναφείς διατάξεις. Ρυθμίσεις στις Eργασιακές Σχέσεις Law 1387/83 on collective dismissals; Law 3863/2010 on the New Social Security System and relevant provisions. Regulations on Labour Relations
Czechia: Time off for job search Czechia Time off for job search Nařízení vlády č. 590/2006 Sb., kterým se stanoví okruh a rozsah jiných důležitých osobních překážek v práci Government Regulation No. 590/2006 Coll., on the range and extent of other important personal obstacles to work
Netherlands: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Netherlands Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ontslagregeling van 1 juli 2016, Burgerlijk Wetboek Royal decree on dismissal, 1 July 2016, Civil Code
Belgium: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Belgium Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ordonnance portant organisation et fonctionnement de l'Office régional bruxellois de l'Emploi du 18 janvier 2001/Ordonnantie houdende organisatie en werking van de Brusselse gewestelijke Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling van 18 januari 2001; Décret du 6 mai 1999 relatif à l’Office wallon de la formation professionnelle et de l’emploi (French only); Décret du 7 mai 2004 relatif à la création de l'agence autonomisée externe de droit public 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'/Decreet van 7 mei 2004 tot oprichting van het publiekrechtelijk vormgegeven extern verzelfstandigd agentschap 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Décret du 17 janvier 2000 portant création d’un Office de l’emploi en Communauté germanophone/Decreet van 17 januari 2000 tot oprichting van een dienst voor arbeidsbemiddeling in de Duitstalige Gemeenschap; Accord de coopération du 24 février 2005 conclu entre la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, la Région wallonne, la Région flamande, la Communauté flamande, la Communauté germanophone et la Commission communautaire française concernant la mobilité interrégionale des chercheurs d'emploi/Samenwerkingsakkoord van 24 februari 2005 gesloten tussen het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, het Waals Gewest, het Vlaams Gewest, de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, de Duitstalige Gemeenschap en de Franse Gemeenschapscommissie betreffende de interregionale mobiliteit van de werkzoekenden Ordinance of 18 January 2001 on the organisation and functioning of the Brussels Regional Employment Service; Decree of 6 May 1999 on the Walloon Office for Vocational Training and Employment; Decree of 7 May 2004 on the establishment of the public law external autonomous agency 'Vlaamse Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding'; Decree of 17 January 2000 on the establishment of an employment office for the German-speaking Community; Cooperation Agreement of 24 February 2005 concluded between the Brussels-Capital Region, the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region, the Flemish Community, the German-speaking Community and the French-speaking Community for inter-regional mobility of job seekers
Finland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Finland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Palkkaturvalaki (866/1998) Pay Security Act (866/1998)
Latvia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Latvia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Par darbinieku aizsardzību darba devēja maksātnespējas gadījumā On protection of employees in case of insolvency of the employer
Ireland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ireland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006 Protection of Employees (Employers' Insolvency) Acts 1984 - 2006
Ireland: Definition of collective dismissal Ireland Definition of collective dismissal Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000)
Ireland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ireland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000); Protection of Employment (Exceptional Collective Redundancies and Related Matters) Act, 2007 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000); Protection of Employment (Exceptional Collective Redundancies and Related Matters) Act 2007
Ireland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ireland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996)
Ireland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ireland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000
Spain: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Spain Employers obligation to support redundant employees Real Decreto 801/2011, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral Royal Decree 801/2011 that enacts regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Spain: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Spain Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Real Decreto Legislativo 1/1995, Ley 22/2003, Real Decreto 20/2012 Legal Decree 1/1995, Law 22/2003, Royal Decree 20/2012
Spain: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Spain Redundant employees entitlement to public support Real Decreto-ley 3/2011 de medidas urgentes para la mejora de la empleabilidad y la reforma de las políticas activas de empleo; Real Decreto 801/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Real Decreto 7/2015 por el que se aprueba la Cartera Común de Servicios del Sistema Nacional de Empleo Royal Decree law 3/2011 on urgent measures to improve employability and reform active labour market policies; Royal Decree law 801/2011 of 11 June that enacts regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree 7/2015 which approves Common Services of the National Employment System

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