EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Native namesort descending English name
Portugal: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Portugal Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Código do Trabalho; Lei n.º 105/2009, de 14 Setembro Labour code; Law 105/2009 of 14 September
Romania: Employees obligation to undertake training Romania Employees obligation to undertake training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Romania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Romania Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Working time flexibility Romania Working time flexibility Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Romania Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Romania Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Notice period to employees Romania Notice period to employees Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Definition of collective dismissal Romania Definition of collective dismissal Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Romania Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Romania Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării forţei de muncă, cu modificările şi completările ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania No. 345 of 18 May 2011; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Romania: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Romania Reemployment obligation after restructuring Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Romania Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345/18 mai 2011; Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 129/31 august 2000 privind formarea profesională a adulţilor; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării fortei de munca, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011; Governmental Ordinance no. 129 dated 31 August 2000 regarding adult professional training; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment benefits and labour force employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Belgium: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Belgium Employment protection in relation to business transfers Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 32 bis gesloten op 7 juni 1985 in de Nationale Arbeidsraad, betreffende het behoud van de rechten van de werknemers bij wijziging van werkgever ingevolge de overgang van ondernemingen krachtens overeenkomst en tot regeling van de rechten van de werknemers die overgenomen worden bij overname van activa na faillissement / Convention collective de travail No 32 BIS conclue le 7 juin 1985 au sein du Conseil national du travail, concernant le maintien des droits des travailleurs en cas de changement d'employeur du fait d'un transfert conventionnel d'entreprise et réglant les droits des travailleurs repris en cas de reprise de l'actif après faillit; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 9 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden / Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 6 van 30 juni 1971 Betreffende de faciliteiten welke moeten verleend worden aan leden die de werknemers in de comités voor veiligheid, gezondheid en verfraaiing der werkplaatsen vertegenwoordigen / Convention collective de travail n° 6 du 30 juin 1971 concernant les facilités à consentir aux membres représentant les travailleurs aux comités de sécurité, d'hygiène et d'embellissement des lieux de travail ; Wet van 4 augustus 1996 betreffende het welzijn van de werknemers bij de uitvoering van hun werk / Loi du 4 Aout 1996 relative au bien-être des travailleurs lors de l'exécution de leur travail ; Wet van 5 december 1968 betreffende de collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten en de paritaire comités / Loi du 5 decembre 1968 sur les conventions collectives de travail et les commissions paritaires; "Collective labour agreement nr. 32 bis agreed upon 7th of June 1985 in the National Labour Council, concerning the retention of employee rights in case of a change of employer due to a transfer of enterprises by force of agreement, and the establisment of employee rights for those retained in case of a take-over of assets after closure"; Collective labour agreement nr. 9 with relation to the ordering of the national agreements and collective labour argreements made by the National Labour Councils concerning the Workcouncils; Collective labour agreement nr. 6 of 30th of June 1971 concerning the facilities which have to be provided to members wih represent employees in the comités for saftey, health and beautification of places of work.; Law of 4th of August 1996 concerning the well-being of employees during the exectuion of their work; Law of 5th December 1968 concerning the collective labour agreements and the joint commitees.
United Kingdom: Definition of collective dismissal United Kingdom Definition of collective dismissal Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014; Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014; Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies Act 2014 Companies Act 2014
Belgium: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Belgium Staff information and consultation on business transfers Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst n° 9 van 9 maart 1972 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden National and intersectoral Collective Agreement n°9 of 9 March 1972 coordinating national agreements and cross-sectoral collective agreements related to works councils, concluded in the National Work Council
Italy: Working time flexibility Italy Working time flexibility D.Lgs. 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 148, Provisions to recast rules on social safety nets for workers in employment; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies
Latvia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Latvia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Latvia: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Latvia Staff information and consultation on business transfers Darba likums Labour law

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