EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Native namesort descending English name
Spain: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Spain Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Real-Decreto ley 10/2010, de 16 de junio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree law 10/2010 of 16 June on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Spain: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Spain Employment protection in relation to business transfers Estatuto de los Trabajadores / Law 12/2001 de medidas urgentes de reforma del mercado de trabajo para el incremento del empleo y la mejora de su calidad The Spanish 'Workers Statute' / Law 12/2001 on urgent measures to reform the labour market for increasing employment levels and the improvement of the quality of work
Spain: Working time flexibility Spain Working time flexibility Estauto de los Trabajadores; Real Decreto 801/2011 por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree 801/2011 that enacts regulation on collective dismissals procedures and administrative actions in case of collective transfers; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ireland Staff information and consultation on business transfers European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Netherlands: Rescue procedures in insolvency Netherlands Rescue procedures in insolvency Faillissementswet; Wet Continuiteit Ondernemingen I Bankruptcy act; Continuity of enterprises act I
Austria: Employees obligation to undertake training Austria Employees obligation to undertake training Grundqualifikations- und Weiterbildungsverordnung – Berufskraftfahrer (GWB) Initial Qualification and Training Decree - Professional drivers (GWB)
United Kingdom: Rescue procedures in insolvency United Kingdom Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvency Act 1986 Insolvency Act 1986
Austria: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Austria Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Insolvenz-Entgeltsicherungsgesetz (IESG) Act on wage guarantee in case of insolvency (IESG)
Germany: Rescue procedures in insolvency Germany Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvenzordnung (InsO); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung der Sanierung von Unternehmen (ESUG); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung von Konzerninsolvenzen Insolvency statute; Act to further facilitate the restructuring of companies; Act to facilitate the insolvency procedure of large companies (holdings)
Austria: Rescue procedures in insolvency Austria Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvenzordnung (IO) Insolvency Act
Malta: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Malta Redundant employees entitlement to public support Kap 343 - Att dwar is-servizzi ta' impieg u tahrig Cap. 343 - Employment and training services act
Malta: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Malta Severance pay/redundancy compensation Kap 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Malta: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Malta Reemployment obligation after restructuring Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Malta: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Malta Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002 kif emendat bl- Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002 as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Notice period to employees Malta Notice period to employees Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Malta Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.96 - Regolamenti dwar Dritt għal Informazzjoni u Konsultazzjoni mal-Impjegati (Avviż Legali 10 tal-2006, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 tal-2007); Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary legislation 452.96 - Employee (Information and Consultation) Regulations (Legal Notice 10 of 2006, as amended by Legal Notice 427 of 2007); Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Malta Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Regolamenti dwar Fond ta' Garanzija (Avviż Legali 432 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 444 tal-2004 u 413 tal-2005 u Avviz Legali 283 of 2017) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Guarantee Funds Regulations (Legal Notice 432 of 2002, amended by Legal Notices 444 of 2004 and 413 of 2005 and L.N. 283 of 2017​)
Malta: Working time flexibility Malta Working time flexibility Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.110 - Regolamenti dwar is-Sahra (Avviż Legali 46 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 109 tal-2012 u 81 tal-2015) Chapter 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.110 - Overtime Regulations, 2012 (Legal Notice 46 of 2012 as amended by Legal Notices 109 of 2012 and 81 of 2015)
Sweden: Rescue procedures in insolvency Sweden Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkurslag (1987:672); Lag (1996:764) om företagsrekonstruktion Bankruptcy Act (1987:672); Company Reorganisation Act (1996:764)
Denmark: Rescue procedures in insolvency Denmark Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkursloven LBK nr 11 af 06/01/2014 Bankruptcy Act (Consolidation Act no. 11 of 06/01/2014)

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