EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Native name English name
Sweden: Notice period to employees Sweden Notice period to employees Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment Protection Act (1982:80)
Croatia: Notice period to employees Croatia Notice period to employees Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17; Stečajni zakon 71/2015, 104/17; Pravilnik o sadržaju i obliku obrazaca na kojima se podnose podnesci u predstečajnom i stečajnom postupku 107/2015 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17; Bankruptcy Act 71/2015, 104/17; Regulation on the contents and forms which are submitted in the pre-bankruptcy and bankruptcy procedure 107/2015
Denmark: Notice period to employees Denmark Notice period to employees Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Bekendtgørelse af lov om retsforholdet mellem arbejdsgivere og funktionærer (LBK nr 81 af 03/02/2009) Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidated Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); Danish Act on the Legal Relationship between Employers and Salaried Employees (Consolidates Act no. 81 of 3 February 2009)
United Kingdom: Notice period to employees United Kingdom Notice period to employees Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Estonia: Notice period to employees Estonia Notice period to employees Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Czechia: Notice period to employees Czechia Notice period to employees Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Bulgaria: Notice period to employees Bulgaria Notice period to employees Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Slovenia: Notice period to employees Slovenia Notice period to employees Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Hungary: Notice period to employees Hungary Notice period to employees 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Finland: Notice period to employees Finland Notice period to employees Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastoissa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Slovenia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Slovenia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1); Zakon o poslovni skrivnosti (ZPosS) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1); Trade Secrets Act (ZPosS)
Malta: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Malta Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.96 - Regolamenti dwar Dritt għal Informazzjoni u Konsultazzjoni mal-Impjegati (Avviż Legali 10 tal-2006, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 tal-2007); Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary legislation 452.96 - Employee (Information and Consultation) Regulations (Legal Notice 10 of 2006, as amended by Legal Notice 427 of 2007); Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Netherlands: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Netherlands Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Wet melding collectief ontslag (WMCO); Wet op de ondernemingsraden (WOR); Wet Werk en Zekerheid (WWZ) Collective Redundancy (Notification) Act; Works Council Act; Work and Security Act
United Kingdom: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals United Kingdom Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004
Denmark: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Denmark Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Lov om information og høring af lønmodtagere (LOV nr 303 af 02/05/2005) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); The Danish Act on Information and Consultation of Employees (Act no. 303 of 2 May 2005)
Latvia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Latvia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Austria: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Austria Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz (ArbVG) Labour Constitution Act (ArbVG)
Greece: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Greece Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals ΠΔ 178/2002: Μέτρα προστασίας των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων ή επιχειρήσεων, σε συμμόρφωση προς την οδηγία 98/50/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου; Ν. 3846/2010: Εγγυήσεις για την εργασιακή ασφάλεια και άλλες διατάξεις. PD 178/2002: Μeasures for safeguarding employees' rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, businesses or parts of businesses, transposing Directive 98/50/EC; Law 3846/2010: Guarantees for job security and other provisions
Norway: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Norway Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Germany: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Germany Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Betriebsverfassungsgesetz Works Constitution Act

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