EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Native name English name
Slovakia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Slovakia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Zákonník práce Labour code
Italy: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Italy Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth
Poland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Poland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Bulgaria: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Bulgaria Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Hungary: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Hungary Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Spain: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Spain Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral; Real Decreto 801/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Estatuto de los Trabajadores; Real Decreto 43/1996, de 19 de enero, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree 801/2011 of 10 June that enacts Regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree 43/1996 of 19 January that approves the rules of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative actions in collective transfers
Estonia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Estonia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Romania: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Romania Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Portugal: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Portugal Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Ireland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ireland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000
Cyprus: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Cyprus Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ν. 28(I)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001 Collective Dismissals Law of 2001 (Law 28 (I)/2001)
Czechia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Czechia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb.; Zákon o zaměstnanosti, zákon č. 435/2004 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.); Employment Act (Law No. 435/2004 Coll.)
Croatia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Croatia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17
Luxembourg: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Luxembourg Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Code du travail Labour code
Lithuania: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Lithuania Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, LR nedarbo socialinio draudimo įstatymas Nr. IX-1904 Labour code No XII-2603, Law on unemployment social insurance No IX-1904
Sweden: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Sweden Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment Protection Act (1982:80)
France: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals France Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Code du travail Labour code
Belgium: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Belgium Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Slovakia: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Slovakia Redundant employees entitlement to public support Zakon c. 5/2004 o službách zamestnanosti, v zneni neskoresich predpisov; Zakon c. 461/2003 o socialnom poisteni, v zneni neskorsich predpisov Act No. 5/2004 on employment services, as amended; Act No. 461/2003 on social insurance, as amended
Bulgaria: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Bulgaria Redundant employees entitlement to public support Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Law on encouragement of employment

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