EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Operations
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Native name English name
Slovenia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Slovenia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
United Kingdom: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals United Kingdom Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Romania: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Romania Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Belgium: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Belgium Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Loi du 29 Mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses/Wet of 29 Maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen (Titre 9 - Chapitre 4: Pyramide des âges en cas de licenciement collectif/Titel 9 - Hoofdstuk 4: Leeftijdspiramide bij collectief ontslag) Omnibus Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions (Title 9 - Chapter 4: Population pyramid in case of collective dismissal)
Luxembourg: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Luxembourg Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Code du travail Labour Code
Malta: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Malta Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002 kif emendat bl- Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002 as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
France: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals France Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Code du travail Labour code
Italy: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Italy Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 14 Settembre 2015, n. 148; Decreto Legislativo 12 gennaio 2019, n. 14 Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative decree 14 September 2015, No. 148; Legislative decree 12 January 2019, No.14
Cyprus: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Cyprus Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ν. 28(Ι)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001 Collective Dismissals Law, 2001 (Law 28(I)/2001)
Ireland: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ireland Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Unfair dismissals acts 1977 to 2007; Employment equality acts 1998 to 2015 Unfair dismissals acts 1977 to 2007; Employment equality acts 1998 to 2015
Lithuania: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Lithuania Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603 Labour code No XII-2603
Norway: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Norway Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Greece: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Greece Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals N. 1387/1983: Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις; N. 3863/2010: Νέο Ασφαλιστικό Σύστημα και συναφείς διατάξεις. Ρυθμίσεις στις Eργασιακές Σχέσεις Law 1387/83 on collective dismissals; Law 3863/2010 on the New Social Security System and relevant provisions. Regulations on Labour Relations
Finland: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Finland Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Spain: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Spain Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET) Statute of Workers’ Rights
Latvia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Latvia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Netherlands: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Netherlands Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ontslagregeling van 1 juli 2016; Burgerlijk Wetboek Royal decree on dismissal, 1 July 2016; Civil code
Croatia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Croatia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17
Bulgaria: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Bulgaria Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Кодекс на труда, Закон за здравословни и безопасни условия на труд Labour Code; Law for Health and Safety Working Conditions
Sweden: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Sweden Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)

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