EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Basque energy cluster

16 Jul, 2015
    • Spain
  • Organisation size


  • Establishment size


  • Type of restructuring
    • Business expansion
    • Internal restructuring
  • Ownership
    • Private
    • Public
  • Involved actors

    • Regional/local government
    • Education/training provider
    • Banks
    • Others
  • Anticipation of change activities
    • Strategic long-term monitoring of market and technological developments
    • R&D - innovation
    • Establishment of networks/partnerships with regular exchange facilities
  • Management of change activities
    • Diagnosis of the situation and designing change procedures
    • Multistakeholder communication and networking
    • Attracting investors
    • Supporting the access to finance of the affected organisation
    • Reorientation of previous productive resources (site/equipment/etc) and diversification measures
    • Support of networks/partnerships among organisations

In the Basque Country (País Vasco) in the north of Spain, the local government understood the economic potential of having a strong and innovative energy sector as early as the mid-1990s. Together with key energy players, they established Cluster de Energia, or the Basque Energy Cluster. The cluster organisation has members from all parts of the energy sector value chain. The single biggest company within the cluster, hence also one of the most important, is Iberdrola. With the acquisitions of Scottish Power in 2006 and Energy East (US) in 2007, Iberdrola has become one of Europe’s biggest energy companies.

  • Recession/crisis
  • Globalisation/Internationalisation
  • Regional aspects
  • Clusters/Networks/Supply chains