EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

Database of wages, working time and collective disputes

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This database aims to provide researchers and policymakers with a set of country-level data in the area of wages, working time and collective disputes. It looks at both the systems that are currently in place (such as legislation or collective bargaining agreements) and some outcomes (such as the level of collectively agreed pay or working time). Short, qualitative descriptions have been added to the data to facilitate a better understanding. The database covers all 28 EU Member States and Norway and provides time series from 2000–2015. It will be updated every second year. 

Version 1.1, published in October 2017 includes updated figures until 2016 for working time outcomes (Eurofound 2017a) and for collectively agreed wage changes (Eurofound 2017b). The next major update will be published in summer 2018.

new: Access to the database version 1.1 (October 2017)

new: Access to the questionnaire/codebook version 1.1 (October 2017)

Figure 1: Overview of main contents of the database


Many of the variables presented in the database have been compiled or presented in previous projects, as follows:

Further qualitative information on national systems of collective bargaining in the area of pay and working time, as well as dispute resolution mechanisms can be found in EurWORK's  working life country profiles.

Process of data generation and validation

For the system-related variables, Eurofound drew up a questionnaire which was discussed with some members of Eurofound's network of European correspondents in a workshop in Amsterdam in November 2015. National experts from the full network subsequently completed the questionnaire. On the basis of ICTWSS data, correspondents were asked to validate the figures provided and to give reasons in cases where they opted to use different data. An internal revision took place at Eurofound, involving further queries to correspondents, before the process for the data generation in version 1.0 was completed.

The data will be reviewed and validated in future years, with updates planned for every second year.

When using the data, please cite as:

Eurofound (2017), EurWORK’s database on wages, working time and collective disputes, version 1.1, October 2017.

Users of the database are invited to send their observations, comments or questions to Christine Aumayr-Pintar (

Eurofound research team: Christine Aumayr-Pintar, Simon Boehmer, Jorge Cabrita, Karel Fric, Christian Welz

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