EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the network of European correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13528 items found
  • Austria: Updated law against wage and social dumping comes into force

    On 1 January 2017, Austria enacted a new law against wage and social dumping, updating (for the second time since 2015) regulations which first came into force in 2011. The law features the concept of customer liability and improves aspects of cross-border administrative prosecutions. However, its enforcement will depend on the cooperation of neighbouring countries.
  • France: Social partners agree changes to unemployment insurance scheme

    A new agreement on the rules for unemployment benefit was reached by the social partners at cross-industry level on 14 April 2017. However, French President Emmanuel Macron intends that the State will take over management of unemployment insurance from the social partners, ending bipartite management which has existed since 1958.
  • United Kingdom: Fall in Employment Tribunal claims linked to introduction of fees

    The number of claims submitted to UK employment tribunals has fallen dramatically. While the government denies that this is due to fees introduced in 2013, it has agreed to make minor amendments to the fee remission scheme.
  • Czech Republic: Attitudes to shorter working hours and flexible working

    There is a growing debate in the Czech Republic over moves to shorten working hours and introduce flexible forms of work to improve people’s work–life balance. This has been sparked by research showing that even though employees, especially men, tend to work long hours, labour productivity and remuneration are low.
  • Estonia: New training schemes aim to counter unemployment

    Training schemes to prevent unemployment and support employment will be available for Estonian employees from May 2017. The social partners are hopeful that these will help to address the issues of an ageing labour force and skills mismatch.
  • Luxembourg: New law to make working time more flexible

    New legislation to make working time more flexible came into force on 1 January 2017, allowing for an extension of the reference period from one to four months, in exchange for supplementary leave for employees. Employers are critical of the new law, claiming it will be difficult to enforce.
  • Spain: Milestone agreement in retail sector

    An agreement between social partners in the Spanish retail sector will govern working and employment conditions for the next three years. About 260,000 employees are expected to benefit from this agreement, which is likely to set the standards for other sector agreements due to be negotiated during 2017.
  • Latvia: Impact of austerity measures on the public health sector

    Workers in Latvia’s public healthcare sector have protested about the less favourable working conditions in their sector, not just low pay, but also the level of shift work, overtime work and work during public holidays.
  • France: Occupational personal accounts take effect

    Occupational personal accounts, one of the flagship measures of France’s labour market reforms, took effect on 1 January 2017. The aim is to enable people to acquire entitlements to training without fear of losing them if they change employer.
  • United Kingdom: Mixed reactions to the new apprenticeship levy

    The apprenticeship levy came into force in the UK on 6 April 2017, aimed at enhancing both the quantity and quality of apprenticeships. While the TUC welcomed the levy, employer bodies voiced concerns about the high extra costs involved.