EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the network of European correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13463 items found
  • Romania: New law aims to tackle wage inequities in labour market

    The Romanian government has proposed a new unitary pay law aimed at addressing the increasing wage imbalances across sectors. This article looks at the social partners’ views and the relevant regulations.
  • Denmark: Tripartite negotiations – staged approach seems to be working

    When tripartite negotiations broke down almost as soon as they started in 2012, many labour market researchers and social partner representatives predicted the government would no longer invite the social partners to such negotiations. However, they have started again but only after the involved parties agreed to discuss one topic at a time.
  • Luxembourg: New parental leave law enters into force

    The new law to extend the scope of parental leave, and establish an allowance for this which is proportional to income, came into force in Luxembourg on 1 December 2016. The government has also presented a draft law to increase certain types of family leave, also with the aim of achieving a better work–life balance.
  • Statutory minimum wages in the EU 2017

    In 22 out of 28 EU Member States, a generally applicable statutory minimum wage exists; the level of this minimum wage varies greatly from one country to another. This article provides information on statutory minimum wage levels, how the minimum wage has been determined for 2017 and minimum wage coverage across the EU. The data show that the minimum wage grew more over the year preceding 1 January 2017 than the year before.
  • Slovakia: Combating undeclared work – views and experiences of the actors involved

    Two nationwide surveys on the issue of undeclared work aimed to map the views of officials from the different agencies involved in combating undeclared work. Respondents gave their opinions on the extent and causes of undeclared work and also provided suggestions on how to improve the system.
  • Austria: Autumn collective bargaining rounds give real wage increases of up to 1%

    Austria’s annual autumn wage bargaining rounds resulted in nominal wage increases of 1%–2% (around 1% in real terms, correcting for inflation). Collective agreements and wage increases were negotiated in the metal industry, retail sector, public sector, in temporary agency work and in several branches of the agricultural and food industries.
  • Slovenia: Latest working life developments – Q4 2016

    An agreement on public sector wages, union representation for precarious workers, better income tax legislation for minimum wage recipients and companies, plus new rules for social dialogue, are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovenia in the last quarter of 2016.
  • Norway: Low-paid workers fall behind

    Most workers in Norway have had a substantial increase in their real wages in the past 15 years. However, a new report shows that low-paid workers – mostly found in the private service sector – have not had any rise in real wages in the last seven years and that wage inequality is growing.
  • Italy: Latest working life developments – Q4 2016

    Measures to make retirement more flexible, a new collective agreement for the metalworking sector, newly published employment figures and planned referendums on mini-jobs and subcontracting are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Italy in the fourth quarter of 2016.
  • Norway: Public procurement – new thresholds introduced despite joint protest from social partners

    The government has doubled the value of public procurement contracts above which strict rules designed to discourage social dumping must be followed. The change brings Norway into line with European Economic Area Agreement rules. In a joint letter to the Minister of Trade and Industry, the employers’ and workers’ peak-level confederations expressed concern about the change.