EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the Network of European Correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13584 items found
  • Estonia: New training schemes aim to counter unemployment

    Training schemes to prevent unemployment and support employment will be available for Estonian employees from May 2017. The social partners are hopeful that these will help to address the issues of an ageing labour force and skills mismatch.
  • Luxembourg: New law to make working time more flexible

    New legislation to make working time more flexible came into force on 1 January 2017, allowing for an extension of the reference period from one to four months, in exchange for supplementary leave for employees. Employers are critical of the new law, claiming it will be difficult to enforce.
  • Spain: Milestone agreement in retail sector

    An agreement between social partners in the Spanish retail sector will govern working and employment conditions for the next three years. About 260,000 employees are expected to benefit from this agreement, which is likely to set the standards for other sector agreements due to be negotiated during 2017.
  • Latvia: Impact of austerity measures on the public health sector

    Workers in Latvia’s public healthcare sector have protested about the less favourable working conditions in their sector, not just low pay, but also the level of shift work, overtime work and work during public holidays.
  • France: Occupational personal accounts take effect

    Occupational personal accounts, one of the flagship measures of France’s labour market reforms, took effect on 1 January 2017. The aim is to enable people to acquire entitlements to training without fear of losing them if they change employer.
  • United Kingdom: Mixed reactions to the new apprenticeship levy

    The apprenticeship levy came into force in the UK on 6 April 2017, aimed at enhancing both the quantity and quality of apprenticeships. While the TUC welcomed the levy, employer bodies voiced concerns about the high extra costs involved.
  • Hungary: Ban on Sunday opening in the retail sector repealed

    The ban on Sunday opening for shops in Hungary, in effect for one year, was repealed in April 2016. The ban had been opposed by most Hungarians but it caused far fewer economic losses and tensions than anticipated.
  • Ireland: Latest working life developments – Q1 2017

    Agreement on an earlier pay rise for public service staff, strikes at Tesco and Bus Éireann, and proposals on minimum pay and working hours for security guards are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in the first quarter of 2017.
  • Malta: Law amended in attempt to stop trade union disputes over recognition

    Amendments have been made to Malta’s Employment and Industrial Relations Act to try to stop unions getting involved in recognition disputes. There have been many of these disputes, generally just before the expiry of a collective agreement. The amendments provide a clearer definition of trade union membership and guidelines for the arbitration of such disputes.
  • EU level: Latest working life developments – Q1 2017

    Issues related to the European Commission’s proposal on the European Pillar of Social Rights, as well as some developments in social dialogue at EU level, are the main topics of interest in this article. This update reports on the latest developments in working life at EU level in the first quarter of 2017.