EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life


EurWORK articles cover working life in Europe, in particular the fields of industrial relations and working conditions. The articles are based on quarterly reporting provided by the Network of Eurofound Correspondents.

  • Topical updates summarise and update developments around selected topics, which are relevant across a number of Member States at the same time
  • Spotlight reports cover in more depth country-level events, debates and changes in regulation related to working life, aiming to provide a balanced view of all parties’ positions
  • Research in Focus articles report on important research findings (including surveys) from the national level, often, but not exclusively, in the area of working conditions
  • In brief articles are short news items drawn from the correspondents' quarterly reports
  • Country updates summarise developments at national level and are published 4 times a year

13658 items found
  • Hungary: Shortage of teaching staff in public education

    The Hungarian government is facing a severe shortage of teachers, coupled with the fact that more than one-third of those remaining in the profession are over 50. In the last school year, around 1,400 teachers retired and another 3,970 decided to leave teaching. The number of student teachers has increased, but not in the sciences.
  • Malta: Government rejects employers' proposal to make first day of sick leave unpaid

    The trade unions and government in Malta have rejected calls by the Malta Employers’ Association to minimise the ‘rampant’ abuse of sick leave by making the first day of sick leave unpaid. However, data about public sector sick leave have persuaded the government to conduct a study on the patterns of sick leave.
  • Romania: Government re-introduces cap on child-rearing allowance

    In order to encourage the birth rate to rise in Romania, the government had abolished the ceiling on the child-rearing allowance. However, recently, in order to combat unfairness and align with European models, the government has recently moved to re-introduce the cap.
  • Bulgaria: Trade unions stage national protest for decent pay and conditions

    Pay increases are attracting intense interest among social partners and the public, with employers opposing the government’s decision to increase the statutory minimum wage in 2018. The largest trade union in Bulgaria, the CITUB, organised a major national protest in October in support of pay increases, demanding urgent political action to protect labour rights.
  • Croatia: Push to revise the complex pay system in healthcare sector

    There is a significant gap between the pay of Croatian healthcare workers and those in the rest of the EU. In the last four years more than 500 physicians have left Croatia to work abroad. The sector is heavily in debt, rules for calculating salaries are complex, and the collective agreement is not applied consistently.
  • Lithuania: Trilateral agreement promoting social dialogue signed

    An agreement on reforms crucial to Lithuania’s economic growth was signed on 16 October after almost a year of discussions. The agreement, signed by Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis and representatives of the social partners, identifies long-term objectives such as improving efficiency in the public sector, competitiveness and the quality of public services.
  • EU-level: Latest working life developments – Q3 2017

    Launch of the second phase consultation of social partners of the Written Statement Directive, social partners’ positions regarding aspects of the European Pillar of Social Rights​ , and President Juncker's State of the Union address are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life at EU level in the third quarter of 2017.
  • Latvia: Amendments to labour law promote sectoral collective bargaining

    Amendments to the Latvian labour law (from 16 August 2017) are expected to promote collective bargaining at sector and territorial levels and to strengthen the role of collective agreements, although they may be more favourable for employers than employees.
  • Italy: Social partners approve measure to tackle poverty

    The Italian government has introduced a policy measure to tackle poverty called Income for Inclusion, which has been broadly welcomed by the social partners as being a step towards the social and economic activation of people in poverty.
  • Portugal: Job quality under the spotlight in national working conditions survey

    This report summarises some of the key findings from the part of the 2015 working conditions survey in mainland Portugal that was addressed to workers. The survey