EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

Academy of Management, Poland: Recruitment


Case study name: 
Ageing workforce
Organisation Size: 
Target Groups: 
Initiative Types: 


A. Organisational background


The Academy of Management in Lódz, central Poland, is a private academic institution, established in January 1995 by the Association of Polish Educators. The academy offers bachelor of arts (BA) and master of arts (MA) studies, postgraduate courses and specialised daily, evening, weekend and extramural training courses. Currently, there are five faculties in the academy: management and marketing; international relations; finance and banking; computer studies; and English philology. Approximately 9,000 students are enrolled at the academy.

In addition to its teaching activities, the Academy conducts research involving a wide range of topics. The results of this research have been presented in a number of publications. The Academy also organises numerous scientific conferences and symposia in cooperation with economic research organisations in Poland and abroad.

More recently, the Academy has been trying to obtain accreditation to offer PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) degrees in economics. In order to gain this accreditation, the institution must fulfil demanding eligibility criteria developed by the Ministry of Education.

B. Good practice today

Given that it is a relatively young institution, the Academy is not in a position to recruit experienced staff from among its own graduates – particularly the case in relation to the recruitment of professors and those with doctorate degrees. As a result, it must actively seek and recruit external lecturers.

The competition between public and private universities creates problems for private universities seeking to recruit highly qualified lecturers (as do the varying levels of job security the differing prospects for future scientific development). As a result, private universities frequently hire retired professors who have limited opportunities in public universities but who are allowed to continue their teaching careers in private universities. Other reasons for this practice include:

  • the private universities’ need to meet accreditation requirements in order to grant degrees of licentiate, magister and doctor;
  • increased pressure on private university graduates to gain the in-depth knowledge that only experienced lecturers can provide.

Legal and financial factors may also encourage retired professors to undertake work in private universities. Such factors include:

  • the fact that retired professors of 70 years of age or over are not legally permitted to hold full-time teaching positions in public universities, irrespective of the educational needs of those institutions;
  • the low level of retirement benefits, which force retired professors to supplement their income.

The increasing interest in higher education in Poland since the 1990s has brought about a corresponding rise in demand for academic staff in universities. Given the long period of time required to educate and train academic lecturers, private universities have willingly employed older experienced staff, offering them part-time work if they are still employed in public universities and full-time positions in the case of retirees.

Such opportunities are made possible by the fact that legislation regarding public universities does not prohibit teaching staff from working simultaneously for several universities. At the same time, the internal regulations of private universities usually do not require professors to retire at the age of 70 years.

An important factor encouraging older, retired professors to undertake full-time work is the higher level of compensation granted. Since the mid-1990s, the Polish pension system stipulates that retirement benefits cannot exceed 2.5 times the basic average wage; in practice, this has meant that retirement benefits rarely reach the level of 1.3 times the average salary. This level of payment is simply insufficient to satisfy the needs of the most highly qualified professors; as a result, they are often forced to supplement their income.

In the case of the Academy of Management, all of the abovementioned factors have been taken into account. In order to achieve its goals, the Academy employs older professors, whom it considers indispensable to the organisation. The Academy aims to offer up-to-date education of the highest quality in the area of economics and other sciences, as well as teaching students additional skills necessary for their professional work. This objective is realised through the employment of carefully selected academic and teaching staff who are experienced scholars and whose work and position is recognised both in Poland and abroad. Their experience in both teaching and scientific work guarantees a high level of education as well as facilitating staff development. Throughout the academy, staff continually update their work and syllabi, ensuring that curricular requirements are met and that students are properly trained to meet the needs of a changing economy. In the teaching process, the main emphasis is on specialised subjects, foreign languages, computer literacy (encompassing the internet, practical accounting and business applications) and the practical application of academic theory in real-world economics.

C. Further information

Contact: Roman Patora, Rector 90–113, Lódz, Sienkiewicza 48/50, email:


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