EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

Collective wage bargaining

Explore Eurofound’s quantitative and qualitative information on collectively agreed pay developments from 1999 onwards and other related pay data. The context of the pay bargaining system in the different EU Member States is also explained.

The bargaining system in the EU Member States is depicted in the map below, drawing on two central indicators: the primary level at which pay is set in the respective country and the degree of coordination. These data stem mainly from Jelle Visser’s ICTWSS (4.0) database, but have been updated and in some cases also slightly revised by Eurofound’s EIRO correspondents.

Level of wage bargaining and degree of coordination year 2013

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CountryLevel of wage bargainingDegree of coordination
AustriaIntermediateHighly coordinated
BelgiumCentralisedHighly coordinated
CyprusIntermediateLow level of coordination
Czech RepublicIntermediateLow level of coordination
DenmarkIntermediateMedium level of coordination
EstoniaDecentralisedLow level of coordination
SpainCentralisedHighly coordinated
FranceIntermediateLow level of coordination
HungaryDecentralisedLow level of coordination
IrelandDecentralisedMedium level of coordination
LithuaniaDecentralisedLow level of coordination
LuxembourgIntermediateLow level of coordination
LatviaDecentralisedLow level of coordination
MaltaDecentralisedLow level of coordination
PolandDecentralisedLow level of coordination
PortugalIntermediateMedium level of coordination
RomaniaIntermediateLow level of coordination
SwedenIntermediateHighly coordinated
SlovakiaIntermediateMedium level of coordination
United KingdomDecentralisedLow level of coordination
BulgariaIntermediateLow level of coordination
FinlandCentralisedHighly coordinated
NorwayIntermediateHighly coordinated
CroatiaIntermediateLow level of coordination
ItalyIntermediateMedium level of coordination
GreeceDecentralisedMedium level of coordination
GermanyIntermediateMedium level of coordination
NetherlandsIntermediateMedium level of coordination