Peer review is a process used for checking the work performed by one’s peers to ensure it meets specific criteria. Peer review is a central feature of the open method of coordination and has been used by the European Employment Strategy (EES) with the aim of promoting the transferability of good practice in active labour market policy.
The dissemination of good practices of Member States in labour market policies has the overall aim of enhancing transferability and mutual learning processes and promoting greater convergence towards the main EU goal. To this end, peer reviews have been conducted since 1999. The participants of a peer review are government representatives from the Member States concerned, independent labour market experts and representatives from the European Commission.
Good practices to be reviewed are selected by Member States among those published in the joint employment reports or the National Action Plans for Employment. They are based on existing evaluation or early monitoring data and thematically linked with the guidelines of the European Employment Strategy.