Solidarity in industrial relations
The solidarity principle operates in industrial relations through the role of collective solidarity among workers, which is embodied in the recourse to collective agreements as a way to set labour standards. An example of the recognition of such a principle by EC law is Council Directive 91/533, on an employer’s obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to the contract or employment relationship. Among the ‘essential aspects of the contract or employment relationship’ to be included in the written document provided by the employer are ‘the collective agreements governing the employee’s conditions of work’ (Article 2). In this way, EC law has linked the determination of individual workers’ terms of employment to the provisions of collective agreements.
See also: collective agreements; collective industrial relations; collective organisation of the social partners; Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union; European social model; fundamental rights.