07 Listopad 2004
EU Directive 94/45/EC  on the establishment of a European Works Council (EWC) or a procedure in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of undertakings for the purposes of informing and consulting employees was transposed into Hungarian law by Act XXI of 2003 on EWCs , which came into force when Hungary joined the EU in May 2004  http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett  http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/labour_law/docs/Implementation_hungary_en.pdf
03 Listopad 2004
The latest survey results from the Central Statistical Office (Központi Statisztikai Hivatal, KSH ) show that the penetration of personal computers still stands ar only 10.8% of the population in Hungary, and only 16% of the population have regular access to the internet. Both figures are extremely low by European standards. Not surprisingly, the Labour Force Survey in 2003 revealed that only 0.6% of employed people are teleworkers on a regular basis, while 1.1% occasionally work from home using modern communication and computer technology. These data explain why successive governments have made a series of efforts to boost the widespread use of information and communication technologies (ICT), including job creation through telework. This kind of combined ICT development and labour market policy seems worth pursuing in a country where the employment rate is low (56.6%) as a long-term consequence of the transition to a market economy at the beginning of the 1990s, in the course of which roughly 1.5 million jobs were lost. Typically, women who have withdrawn from the labour market are the target group of telework projects, as 48% of active age women are at home, partly due to the generous three-year maternity leave and the shortage of childcare facilities.  http://www.ksh.hu/
National-level tripartism and EMU in the new EU Member States and candidate countries (comparative study)
08 Październik 2004
This comparative study examines the role that national-level ‘social pacts’ between governments and social partners might play in paving the way for the new EU Member States and candidate countries to join EU Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and introduce the euro single currency. It points to the crucial part that social dialogue is likely to play in the future EMU convergence process.
03 Październik 2004
In recent years, wages have risen steeply in the public sector. In 2001 and 2002 successive governments decided - with the agreement of the Trade Unions’ Cooperation Forum (Szakszervezetek Együttműködési Fóruma, SZEF ) and the Confederation of Unions of Professionals (Értelmiségi Szakszervezeti Tömörülés, ÉSZT ) - drastically to increase wages in public administration in several stages between 2001 and 2003, and to increase wages in the public service sector by 50% in autumn 2002 (HU0207102F  and HU0208102F ). Public sector unions grudgingly accepted no wage increase for 2003, except an increase for employees in public administration agreed in 2001.  http://www.szef.hu/  http://www.eszt.hu/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-government-increases-public-sector-pay-and-low-wage-earners-income  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/agreements-signed-on-implementation-of-public-service-pay-rises
01 Wrzesień 2004
The phenomenon of undeclared work - defined as 'any paid activities that are lawful as regards their nature but not declared to the public authorities'- is an issue which has been preoccupying the EU institutions for a number of years. In 1998, the European Commission issued a Communication  on undeclared work, which was designed to launch a debate on the causes of such work and the policy options for combating it (EU9804197F ). It suggested that there was a need to clarify the causes and extent, and concluded that combating undeclared work should be part of the overall European employment strategy .  http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/index_en.htm  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/commission-targets-undeclared-work  http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/employment_strategy/index_en.htm
27 Czerwiec 2004
In March 2004, the EIRO national centres in 24 European countries were asked, in response to a questionnaire, to give a brief overview of their country's system for dealing with individual labour/employment disputes through the courts, along with data on: the volume of cases; the costs; the timeframe; alternatives to going to court; and any current debate on these issues. The Hungarian responses are set out below (along with the questions asked).
14 Czerwiec 2004
The new Hungarian Unified Labour Database (Egységes Magyar Munkaügyi Adatbázis, EMMA ), which is expected to help make the labour market more transparent, started operations on 1 May 2004. Apart from concerns about growing undeclared employment, the introduction of the new system is justified by the fact that since 1992, when the old-style employment records (the 'work-book' or Munkakönyv) inherited from the state-socialist regime was abolished, there has been no reliable information on people’s employment history and on the current employment situation. There was therefore an urgent need for an up-to-date system that provides not only the authorities but also employees and employers with appropriate labour market information.  http://www.emma185.hu/
14 Czerwiec 2004
On 18 May 2004, a joint memorandum on Territorial Employment Pacts (TEPs) - an EU-promoted scheme  whereby all the actors in an area mobilise to fight unemployment - was signed by the Ministry of Employment and Labour (Foglalkoztatáspolitikai és Munkaügyi Minisztérium, FMM ) and a number of social partner and other organisations. On the employers' side, the signatories were a national confederation, the National Association of Entrepreneurs and Employers (Vállalkozók és Munkáltatók Országos Szövetsége, VOSZ ), and the sectoral Agrarian Employers’ Federation (Agrár Munkaadói Szövetség, AMSZ). Similarly, on the trade union side the document was signed by a confederation, the National Association of Hungarian Trade Unions (Magyar Szakszervezetek Országos Szövetsége, MSZOSZ ), and a sectoral organisation, the Agricultural, Forestry and Water Management Workers’ Trade Union (Mezőgazdasági Erdészeti és Vízgazdálkodási Dolgozók Szakszervezete, MEDOSZ). A civil organisation, the European Information Association (Európai Tájékoztatási Egyesület, ETE), was the final signatory.  http://europa.eu.int/comm/regional_policy/innovation/innovating/pacts/en/  http://www.fmm.gov.hu/  http://www.vosz.hu/?lang=en  http://www.mszosz.hu/
18 Maj 2004
The government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP) and the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ), elected in April 2002, continued to govern during 2003.
06 Kwiecień 2004
In 1992, works councils were introduced in the 'competitive' part of the economy (ie business companies and non-for-profit organisations), subject to the Labour Code, and 'public employee councils' were introduced in the public service sector, subject to the Act on Public Service Employees (HU0401106F ). These bodies were set up in the context of a decentralised industrial relations system, in which workplace level trade unions had been the major bargaining agents and the backbone of the unions. Works councils and public employee councils were practically granted the package of information and consultation rights which unions had exercised in previous decades under the title of 'participation of employees in the management of their companies'. According to relevant legal regulations, works council and public employee council elections should be held every three years.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/works-councils-examined