EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change


The restructuring events database contains factsheets with data on large-scale restructuring events reported in the principal national media in each EU member state. It has been in existence since 2002.

The map displays the most recent cases. Nation-wide cases are displayed next to the country name.

Recent restructuring cases

The database is updated daily and grows at a rate of approximately 20-30 new entries a week. To date, more than 27,000 restructuring events have been recorded.

In order to be included in the database, an individual case of restructuring must involve the announced loss or creation of at least 100 jobs, or employment effects affecting at least 10% of a workforce of more than 250 people. A restructuring statistics tool is available to explore summary data from the restructuring events database by country, sector and restructuring type.The full dataset can be made available for non-commercial research purposes. If interested, please submit a request to access the ERM dataset.

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

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Announcement date Country Company Restructuring type Sector Planned job creation Planned job reductions minsortuj rosnąco
20/03/2004 Germany KarstadtQuelle Internal restructuring Retail 7,000
10/09/2002 World American Airlines Internal restructuring Transportation / storage 7,000
07/11/2018 World Toshiba Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
24/05/2018 World Deutsche Bank Internal restructuring Financial services 7,000
30/09/2020 World Royal Dutch Shell Internal restructuring Mining / quarrying 7,000
26/01/2009 World Home Depot Internal restructuring Retail 7,000
30/01/2009 World Hitachi Ltd Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
25/09/2009 World ING Internal restructuring Financial services 7,000
04/11/2009 World Johnson & Johnson Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
26/01/2009 World ING Internal restructuring Financial services 7,000
28/11/2005 World Merck Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
28/04/2011 World Nokia Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
05/01/2007 France PSA Peugeot Citroën Internal restructuring Manufacturing 7,000
12/11/2008 World American Express Internal restructuring Financial services 7,000