Publications

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  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    This annual review, compiled in February 2010, looks at industrial relations developments in Cyprus during the course of 2009.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    This report provides an overview of the industrial relations developments which took place in Latvia during 2009.

    1. Political developments

    In 2009 the President of the Republic of Latvia was Valdis Zatlers, who was elected in 2007. The Prime Minister was Valdis Dombrovskis, appointed 12th March 2009. The Speaker of the Saeima (Parliament) was Gundars Daudze.

    On 6 June 2009 local government elections were held in the country.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    In 2009, the UK continued to be affected by the economic downturn and unemployment within the country increased. There were several large cases of restructuring associated with this and the UK Government and social partners developed and proposed various policies to deal with the effects of the crisis. Collective bargaining coverage, trade union density and levels of industrial action also declined in the UK in 2009.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    Social dialogue and collective bargaining in 2009 were affected by the current economic crisis, which had an impact particularly on collective bargaining for wages and salaries. Based on the trade union data, the number of employees protected by collective agreements has also decreased.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    The political context of 2009 was marked by the tensions in the governmental coalition, euroelections and the election of the president of the state. The tripartite debates on the anti-crisis programme, started since the end of 2008 continued during the entire year, without significant practical measures. The economic and financial crisis that increasingly afflicted the economy of Romania in 2009 shifted the stress of claims from higher salaries to safer jobs.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    With a view to coping with the consequences of the economic and financial crisis, in 2009 the Government of the Republic of Lithuania pursued a strict fiscal policy. In order to introduce unpopular measures and to ensure social peace, the Government initiated signing of a national agreement where, together with representatives of employers and employees, agreed to look for solutions that would be satisfactory for all the parties during the crisis.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    In 2009, the general election resulted in a new governmental coalition made up of the Christian Democratic Party and the Liberal Party. In response to the recession, trade unions and employer organisations differed on the need for state intervention and economic stimulus packages. Large restructuring cases involved employers, trade unions and newly - due to state aid - the governments at federal and at regional level. The average collectively agreed increase in wages and salaries was 2.9% in 2008, which was above the 2.2% increase of 2007.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    The financial crisis continued to cause heated debates between both social partners and political actors throughout 2009. Government measures to cope with the crisis, especially within the automotive sector, were heavily criticised by the social partners. A new general agreement on temporary lay-offs within manufacturing, normally prohibited in Sweden, was introduced to tackle the effects of the economic recession.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    Industrial relations in 2009 are reviewed within the context of the slowing down in the economy. A Government’s stimulus package aimed at safeguarding jobs in the ailing industries was acclaimed by the social partners.FORUM, aA confederation of unions, tried to assert its newly found strength. Industrial actions, which were small in number, were concentrated in the public sector. The disagreements among social partners about the Cost of Living Allowance (COLA) was the dominant issue in last quarter of 2009.

  • NC
    10 Styczeń 2011

    2009 was a particularly difficult year for industrial relations in Italy. The economic crisis caused major restructurings, plant closures and job losses. The government, local authorities and social partners reacted by launching an extraordinary programme for 2009-2010, in order to support workers in difficulties.

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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