The unification of the two biggest education trade unions, a 1 May rally about rights and social justice, and talks among trade unions and employer organisations on the disclosure of salaries in job adverts are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Lithuania in the second quarter of 2019.
Record numbers of workers making social security contributions, rising average income levels, persistent inequality in the labour market and non-compliance with the new minimum wage are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Spain in the second quarter of 2019.
The launch of the new government’s policy programme, the reaction of social partners to the programme and an increase in industrial action events in 2018 are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Finland in the second quarter of 2019.
Reforms in response to the gilets jaunes crisis, the new PACTE law, unemployment insurance reform, and compensation for asbestos-related anxiety are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in France in the second quarter of 2019.
The passing of new regulations to strengthen the protection of private sector workers, special measures to protect delivery drivers, and the evolution of wages between 2017 and 2018 are the main topics of interest in this article.This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Greece in the second quarter of 2019.
Changes in working conditions for researchers following the reorganisation of the national science academy, continued difficulties in organising strikes in the public sector and a potential lawsuit about the right to unionise at a car manufacturer are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Hungary in the second quarter of 2019.
The impact of the European election results on the government coalition, trade union unrest during the renewal period for collective agreements, and the latest employment and education statistics from Istat are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in the second quarter of 2019.
The implementation of gender pay legislation, changes to parental leave, a strike by health staff and new employment orders for the electric and construction sectors are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in the second quarter of 2019.
Rules to bolster the rights of unemployed people, an increase in the maternity leave allowance, a potential referendum on the statutory pension age and the government’s new national reform programme are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the second quarter of 2019.
Pay rise demands and industrial action in the academic sector, the employment crisis in Ida-Viru County and new requirements surrounding the submission of data to the employment register are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Estonia in the second quarter of 2019.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
Building on previous work by Eurofound, this report will investigate intergenerational dynamics over time. During the 2008 double-dip recession, worrying intergenerational divides appeared in many Member States, and while some of the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is universal, early data suggests disparities across demographic cohorts. Eurofound will examine how different age groups may have been affected in terms of their health, labour market participation, quality of life and financial needs, both in the short term and in the long term.
Adequate, affordable housing has become a matter of great concern, with an alarming number of Europeans with low or lower household incomes unable to access any, especially in capital cities. Housing was a key factor in people’s experience of the COVID-19 pandemic: its quality and level of safety significantly affected how lockdowns and social distancing measures were experienced, with those who had no access to quality housing at higher risk of deteriorating living conditions and well-being.
The COVID-19 pandemic triggered an extraordinary level of provision of social services across the EU. Healthcare and care providers carried much of the burden and, together with essential services, played a crucial role in getting citizens through the crisis. This report explores how public services adapted to the new reality and what role was played by the digital transformation of services. The aim is to contribute to the documentation and analysis of changes in funding, delivery and use of healthcare and social services during the pandemic.
The use of artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and the Internet of Things technologies in the workplace can bring about fundamental changes in work organisation and working conditions. This report analyses the ethical and human implications of the use of these technologies at work by drawing on qualitative interviews with policy stakeholders, input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents and Delphi expert surveys, and case studies.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in European sectoral social dialogue taking place at cross-sectoral level. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations at cross-sectoral level in the EU Member States.