Representativeness of trade unions and employer associations in the sea fisheries sector - France

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Employee representation,
  • Social partners,
  • Published on: 06 Marzec 2012



About
Country:
France
Author:
Institution:

The sea fisheries sector in France represents a relatively small amount of employed and self- employed people compared to the entire French economy (less than 40,000 people overall) and is constantly decreasing for economic and environmental reasons. As for collective bargaining agreements, fishermen could be covered by port, small-scale and deep fishing collective agreements or, alternatively, company agreements. Initially fishermen were covered by Port agreements which are now primarily being replaced by company agreements.There are discussions to negotiate a national fishery agreement but there is still a long way to go on this. Another interesting point is that that some unions in this sector are representing both employers and employees’ interests.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

The French sea fisheries sector is under huge economic pressure from various sources.

  • The management of fish resource is a significant concern, generating a lot of discussions and constraints coming from either European regulations or environmental lobbies.
  • Overall, fish policy management at EU level does not seem to take account of social issues, and is perceived as distorting competition between EU countries.
  • Costs, particularly energy costs, have risen sharply over the last six years, with oil prices rising by 116% from January 2005 to January 2011.
  • Competition is becoming fiercer as this market becomes increasinly global. France has a significant presence in other countries in the Indian Ocean, Caribbean, and Atlantic.Only 17% of fish produced by French fisheries is consumed in France and competition is also coming from fish farming which accounts for about 16% of fish consumption)

The sector is hampered by bad press from environmentalists, and employers’ organisations are having to spend their resources trying to combat this.

This sector consists mostly of many, very small companies, having just one boat. Overall, employment decreased by around 5% during 2007–2009 in this sector while, according to a study published in April, 2011 by French MP Louis Guédon, employees’ income remained relatively steady. All the difficulties mentioned, plus the hard nature of the work, and salary levels mean that the average age of employees is rising. The number of workers in the industy aged 25–34 fell from 25% of overall population during 2002–2009 to 18%, while the number of people aged 45–54 increased from 18% to 27% over same period. Recruiting young people is quite difficult.

Development of employment

Table 1: Sectoral properties
  1999 2007
Number of companies in the sector

5, 971

5, 187

Source of company data

SDSIM / Fichier BARPOP

SDSIM / Fichier BARPOP

    2009
Aggregate employment

0

25, 000

Male employment

0

0

Female employment

0

0

Share of sectoral employment in %

0

0

Source of employment figures

please describe

Observatoire prospectif des métiers et des qualifications de la Pêche

Comment

if employment is taken from another source than the one provided, please provide your reasons, referring to meta-data.

   

Comment

Aggregate employees

21, 666

16, 126

Male employees

0

0

Female employees

0

0

Share of sectoral employees in %

0

0

Comment

if employee figures are taken from another source than the one provided, please provide your reasons, referring to meta-data.

2. The sector’s trade unions and employer associations

This section includes the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions which are party to sector-related collective bargaining (In line with the conceptual remarks outlined in the background information included in the accompanying excel spreadsheet, we understand sector-related collective bargaining as any kind of collective bargaining within the sector, i.e. single-employer bargaining as well as multi-employer bargaining. For the definition of single- and multi-employer bargaining, see 4.2)

(ii) trade unions which are a sector-related member of the sector-related European Union Federation (i.e. ETF – European Transport Workers’ Federation)

  • The Federation of Trade Unions and Ports (FMNS-CGT) ;
  • The General Federation of Transport and Equipment (FGTE CFDT);
  • French Federation of Trade Unions maritime sailors (FFPSM-M)
  • The Mediterranean Union of Professional Fish Harvesters – National Federation of maritime activities in the Mediterranean (SMPP-FNAM)
  • The National Union of Fishermen CFTC (SMP-CFTC)
  • Federation of Equipment, Environment, Transport and Services (FEETS FO)

(iii) Employers’ associations which are a party to sector-related collective bargaining are:

(iv) employer associations (business associations) which are a sector-related member of the sector-related European Employer/Business Federations (i.e. EUROPECHE and COGECA – General Confederation of Agricultural Cooperatives in the European Union)

- COGECA : French member, Cooperative Maritime

- ETF ; European Transport Federation

2a Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

No data supplied

2b Data on the trade unions

Table 2: Union Fact sheet: The Federation of Trade Unions and Ports (FNMS-CGT)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

ITF: International Transport Workers

Affiliation to European-level organisations

ETF: European Transport Federation

Affiliation to national-level organisations

CGT

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CFDT- CFTC - FFPSM - FO - SMPP FNAM

 

pls select year

‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
 

pls select year

‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self employed people are also covered

Table 3: Union Fact sheet: The General Federation of Transport and Equipment (FGTE-CFDT)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

n.g.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CGT- CFTC - FFPSM - FO - SMPP FNAM

  pls select year
‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self employed people are also covered

Table 4: Union Fact sheet: The National Union of Fishermen CFTC (SMP-CFTC)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

n.a.

Affiliation to European level organisations

ETF; North Sea RAC; NWWRAC

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CGT- CFDT - FFPSM - FO - SMPP FNAM

 

pls select year

‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
 

pls select year

‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self employed people are also covered

Table 5: Union Fact sheet: French Federation of Trade Unions maritime sailors (FFPSM-M)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CGT- CFDT - CFTC - FO - SMPP FNAM

  pls select year
‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self-employed people are also covered

Table 6: Union Fact sheet: Federation of Equipment, Environment, Transport and Services (FEETS-FO)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CGT- CFDT - CFTC - FFPSM-M - SMPP FNAM

  pls select year
‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   

Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self employed people are also coverred

Table 7: Union Fact sheet: (SMPP FNAM)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Union's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other unions in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following unions in the sector

CGT- CFDT - CFTC - FO - FFPSM

  pls select year
‘Active’ union members total (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members (incl. non-employed), total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
‘Active’ union members in the sector (in employment)

n.g.

   
Union members in the sector, total (incl. non-employed)

n.g.

   
Female membership as a % of total members

n.g.

Source of sectoral membership figures

Source

Union density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Sectoral domain density - active members

Rough estimate - in case no 'exact' figures are available

   
Union density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral density - total members

n.g.

   
Sectoral domain density - total members

n.g.

   
Description of union's domain with regard to sector

n.g.

Representation of other groups than employees in the sector

Yes self employed people are also covered

2c Data on the employer associations

Table 8: Employers’ organisation Fact sheet: Union of Fishing Vessel Owners of France (UAPF)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

NA

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Europeche

Affiliation to national-level organisations

NA

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

congruence

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

COGECA - SNCEP - FFPSM - CGT - CFDT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

20

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

2,500

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

20

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

2,500

   
Source of membership figures

own calculation

Domain density - companies

0.4%

   
Sectoral density - companies

0.4%

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

0.4%

   
Domain density - employees

10%

   
Sectoral density - employees

10%

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

10%

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 9: Employers organisation Fact sheet: Cooperative Maritime (COOP MARITIME)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

congruence

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- SNCEP - FFPSM - CGT - CFDT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

own calculation

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 10: Employers organisation Fact sheet: (SNCEP)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Federation of European Aquaculture Producers (FEAP)

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

congruence

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - FFPSM - CGT - CFDT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Own calculation

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 11: Employers organisation Fact sheet: French Federation of Trade Unions maritime sailors (FFPSM)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

AEPM (Association Européenne des Producteurs de Molusques)

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

congruence

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - SNCEP- CGT - CFDT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Own calculation

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 12: Employers Fact sheet: The Federation of Trade Unions and Ports (FMNS-CGT)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - SNCEP- FFPSM- CFDT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Source

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 13: Employers Fact Sheet: General Federation of Transport and Equipment (FGTE- CFDT)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - SNCEP- FFPSM- CGT - CFTC - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Source

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 14: Employers Fact sheet: The National Union of Fishermen CFTC (SMP-CFTC)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - SNCEP- FFPSM- CGT - CFDT - FO

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Source

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 15: Employers Fact sheet: Federation of Equipment, Environment, Transport and Services (FEETS- FO)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

overlap

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

UAPF- COGECA - SNCEP- FFPSM- CGT - CFDT - CFTC

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Source

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   

Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

Table 16: Trade Union Fact sheet: The Mediterranean Union of Professional Fish Harvesters – National Federation of maritime activities in the Mediterranean (SMPP FNAM)
Affiliation to multinational organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to European-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Affiliation to national-level organisations

Please give full names (when listing the org. for the first time) and abbreviations.

Engagement in sector-related collective bargaining

yes

Consultation in sector-related matters

yes

Type of membership

voluntary

Organisation's domain with regard to sector

congruence

Domain overlap with other organisations in sector

yes

Domain overlaps occur with the following organisations

n.g.

  pls select year
Number of member companies, total

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies, total

n.g.

   
  pls select year
Number of member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Number of employees in member companies in sector

n.g.

   
Source of membership figures

Source

Domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - companies

Rough estimate:

   
Domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Sectoral domain density - employees

Rough estimate:

   
Description of organisation's domain with regard to sector

Please describe the organisation's domain

Representation of particular subgroups of enterprises

Please describe.

3. Inter-associational relationships

3a Inter-union relationships

3a.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap.

  • The Federation of Trade Unions and Ports (FMNS-CGT);
  • The General Federation of Transport and Equipment (FGTE CFDT);
  • French Federation of Trade Unions maritime sailors (FFPSM-M);
  • The Mediterranean Union of Professional Fish Harvesters – National Federation of maritime activities in the Mediterranean (SMPP-FNAM);
  • The National Union of Fishermen CFTC (SMP-CFTC);
  • Federation of Equipment, Environment, Transport and Services (FEETS FO).

3a.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

Yes, as this is due to the way French union representativeness system is organised, where each organisation needs to get the necessary votes at each election. However, the representativeness system is in a process of change (see paragraph below).

3a.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

No

3b Inter-employer association relationships

3b.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap.

3b.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No, keeping in mind some unions represent both employers and employees

3b.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

No

3b.4 Are there large companies or employer associations which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No

4. The system of collective bargaining

4.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

100% of employees are either covered by a collective bargaining agreement or a national agreement for small companies.

4.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered. (Multi-employer bargaining is defined as being conducted by an employer association on behalf of the employer side. In the case of single-employer bargaining, it is the company or its subunit(s) which is the party to the agreement. This includes the cases where two or more companies jointly negotiate an agreement.)

Nearly all employees are covered by an industry-wide or national collective bargaining agreement. In addition, according to legal requirements, large enterprises negotiate a number of company agreements on a variety of issues which are complementary to industry-wide wage-agreements. According to union statements, data are not available. The union CGT estimates that about 100% of employees are covered.

4.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer associations?4.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Pervasive.

4.3. List all sector-related multi-employer wage agreements* valid in 2008 (or most recent data), including for each agreement information on the signatory parties and the purview of the agreement in terms of branches, types of employees and territory covered.

* Only wage agreements which are (re)negotiated on a reiterated basis.

4.4. List the sector’s four most important collective agreements (single-employer or multi-employer agreements) valid in 2008 (or most recent data), including for each agreement information on the signatory parties and the purview of the agreement in terms of branches, types of employees and territory covered. Importance is measured in terms of employees covered.

Table 17: Four most important agreements in terms of employees covered
Bargaining parties Purview of the agreements
  Sectoral Type of employees Territorial

CFTC, CGT, CFDT, FFSPM,SMPP- FNAM

Small scale sea fishing

all

national

5. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

5.1. Are the sector’s employer associations and trade unions usually consulted by the authorities in sector-specific matters? If yes, which associations?

Yes, employer’s associations and union confederations at national level are consulted

5.2. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

Table 18: Sector-specific public policies*
Name of the body and scope of activity Bipartite/tripartite Origin: agreement/statutory Trade unions having representatives (reps) Employer associations having reps.

National agreement for small scale fishing

Tripartite

statutory

CFTC, CGT, FFSPM, CFDT

UAPF, CDFT, CFTC, FFSPM

Training Committee

Tripartite

statutory

CFTC, CGT, FFSPM, CFDT

UAPF, CDFT, CFTC, FFSPM

Safety and ‘well being’ of fishing staff

Tripartite

statutory

CFTC, CGT, FFSPM, CFDT

UAPF, CDFT, CFTC, FFSPM

* Sector-specific policies specifically target and affect the sector under consideration.

6. Statutory regulations of representativeness

6a Statutory regulations of representativeness for trade unions

6a.1 In the case of the trade unions, do statutory regulations exist which establish criteria of representativeness which a union must meet, so as to be entitled to conclude collective agreements? If yes, please briefly illustrate these rules and list the organisations which meet them.

French industrial relations are in transition. Since 1966, five trade union confederations have been considered to be representative at the national level: CFDT, CFE-CGC, CFTC, CGT and CGT-FO. Until recent legislative changes, each trade-union, at a local or sectoral level, affiliated to one of these confederations, was also considered to be representative (‘presumption of representativeness’). Other trade-unions (without affiliation) have to prove their representativeness, in the courts, with the representativeness criteria established by law and case law.

In July 2008, the French parliament adopted a law on ‘social democracy and working time reform , in accordance with the social partners’statement brought out in April 2008, Common Position on representativeness and collective bargaining (in French, 124 KB, PDF). Regardless of affiliation, representativeness will now depend primarily on the ‘electoral audience’. That is, to be representative (and to negotiate) at workplace level a trade-union must win at least 10% of the votes in workplace elections and 8% to be considered representative and therefore able to negotiate at sectoral and national levels. Specifically, to be representative, trade unions will have to meet seven criteria:

  • to show their respect for republican values;
  • to show their respect for independence;
  • to be legally established for at least two years;
  • to have sufficient backing (10% or 8% in the workplace elections);
  • to have financial transparency;
  • to provide a real influence;
  • to have a sufficient number of members and contributions.

Moreover, collective agreements will be valid only if they have been concluded by one or several trade unions that have obtained at least 30% of the votes in workplace elections and only if trade unions that have obtained who are representative of the majority of the workforce are not opposed to it. At national and sectoral level a new criteria will apply from 2013 onward, when results of workplace elections, which take place every four years, will be known. Until 2013, the current presumption of representativeness is maintained. However from then, the list of representative trade-unions in the fisheries sector could change.

6a.2 In the case of the trade unions, do statutory regulations exist which establish criteria of representativeness which a union must meet, so as to be entitled to be consulted in matters of public policy and to participate in tripartite bodies? If yes, please briefly illustrate these rules and list the organisations which meet them.

Although the government can decide whether to consult organisations that are considered to be representative at the national level, it usually does so. But it usually consults confederations rather than federations. The government is compelled by law to consult organisations (these organisations have to be representative on national level as defined in 6a) on draft reform in social domain only at the national and interprofessional level (See Article L1, Labour Code, In French) – so in other specific sectors, the government has discretion to do so.

6a.3 Are elections for a certain representational body (e.g. works councils) established as criteria for trade union representativeness? If yes, please report the most recent electoral outcome for the sector.

These figures are disputed by unions, with some claiming that, due to the complexity of gathering election data site by site, and the lack of software with the ability to collect this information centrally, there is no way of telling .

6b Statutory regulations of representativeness for employer organisations

6b.1 In the case of the employer organisations, do statutory regulations exist which establish criteria of representativeness which an organisation must meet, so as to be entitled to conclude collective agreements? If yes, please briefly illustrate these rules and list the organisations which meet them.

No, there is no representativeness criteria for employer organisations.

6b.2 In the case of the employer organisations, do statutory regulations exist which establish criteria of representativeness which an organisation must meet, so as to be entitled to be consulted in matters of public policy and to participate in tripartite bodies? If yes, please briefly illustrate these rules and list the organisations which meet them.

The employer’s organisations considered to be representative at sectoral and national level are entitled to be consulted and to participate in tripartite bodies. As already stated in the case of the fishery sector, some organisations are acting for both sides (employers and employees).

6b.3 Are elections for a certain representational body established as criteria for the representativeness of employer associations? If yes, please report the most recent outcome for the sector.

No.

7. Commentary

The French fisheries sector is under a very high level of pressure due to overall economic conditions and environmental issues having a necessary impact on social dialogue.

The number of employers and workers is declining. Also, the way this sector is organised does create problems for an efficient dialogue, having a shift in collective bargaining agreements and an increasing number of self employed members being supported by organisations which are on both sides.

Laurent Lamy, Eurintexo – HERA

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