As the EU economy advanced its recovery following the pandemic, the high rate of inflation throughout 2022 meant that wage setting actors made their decisions under a cloud of uncertainty. While nominal increases in statutory minimum wages reached an all-time high, minimum wage workers in most countries saw their purchasing power decline or just about compensated at the beginning of 2023, based on preliminary harmonised inflation figures. With inflation expected to persist, a further depreciation of minimum wages in real terms can be expected in most Member States, as only a few foresee additional increases in 2023.
Minimum wages in the EU
- Published between
- 2 luty 2015 - 23 Styczeń 2023
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
- Report30 Listopad 2022
Przedmiotowe sprawozdanie jest realizowane w kontekście trzyletniego projektu pilotażowego (2021–2023) „Rola płacy minimalnej w ustanawianiu powszechnej gwarancji pracy” zleconego Eurofound przez Komisję Europejską. Skupia się na module 3 projektu, w którym to module zbadano płace minimalne i inne formy wynagrodzenia dla osób samozatrudnionych.
- Blog15 Czerwiec 2022
Minimum wages have risen significantly in 2022, as the EU Member States leave behind the cautious mood of the pandemic. However, rising inflation is eating up these wage increases, and only flexibility in the regular minimum wage setting processes may avoid generalised losses in purchasing power among minimum wage earners. On 6 June 2022, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament reached a political agreement on the Directive on adequate minimum wages proposed by the Commission in October 2020. Once formally approved, EU Member States will have to transpose it into national law within two years.
- Report15 Czerwiec 2022
Po ostrożnej rundzie ustalania płacy minimalnej na 2021 r. stawki nominalne znacznie wzrosły w 2022 r., jako że negatywne skutki pandemii zmniejszyły się, a stan gospodarek i rynków pracy uległ poprawie. W związku z tym 20 z 21 państw członkowskich UE, w których obowiązują ustawowe wynagrodzenia minimalne, podniosło swoje stawki. Znaczny wzrost był widoczny w państwach członkowskich Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej w porównaniu ze starymi państwami członkowskimi, natomiast największy wzrost nastąpił w Niemczech.
- Article27 Styczeń 2022
The first overview of minimum wage setting for 2022 shows that, while some negotiations are still ongoing, virtually all EU Member States have increased their nominal statutory rates. Compared to last year, when most countries settled for cautious increases against a background of deep uncertainty caused by the pandemic, growth in statutory rates for 2022 was stronger, reflecting an easing of the situation. This was especially the case in central and eastern European countries, where some increases were in double digits. Nevertheless, inflation is back in the picture and should be monitored in the coming months to get an insight into how the increases in nominal minimum wage rates translate into actual changes in the purchasing power of minimum wage earners.
- Blog26 Październik 2021
While the number of employees earning the minimum wage has increased across Europe over the last decade, spurred by significant minimum wage hikes, a clear gender divide emerges, with minimum wage earners more likely to be women. Minimum wage earners are also more likely to live in materially deprived households.
- Report10 Czerwiec 2021
W niniejszym sprawozdaniu podsumowano sposób, w jaki stawki płacy minimalnej na 2021 r. zostały ustalone w 2020 r. – roku, w którym wystąpiła pandemia COVID-19. W sprawozdaniu dokonano przeglądu trudności, z jakimi borykają się krajowi decydenci, oraz sposobu, w jaki reagowali oni na wyzwania związane z gospodarczymi i społecznymi skutkami pandemii przy podejmowaniu decyzji dotyczących płacy minimalnej. Przedstawiono w nim zakres, w jakim płace minimalne były wymieniane w odniesieniu do środków wsparcia związanych z COVID-19.
- Blog8 Czerwiec 2021
Decision-makers approached minimum wage setting for 2021 cautiously due to the economic uncertainty caused by the pandemic. Despite this, nominal statutory minimum wages rose in most Member States and the UK, although at lower rates than in recent years.
- Article3 luty 2021
Despite the unusually tough economic and labour market conditions, most EU Member States made nominal and real increases to their minimum wages in 2020. This is what a first overview of recent minimum wage developments reveals. Some countries lived up to earlier promises or pre-agreements, while other countries strayed somewhat off their original path but still maintained the overall trend of increasing minimum wages in line with other wages. Although most countries were cautious in the level of increase granted, low inflation rates meant that the value of minimum wages still went up beyond rises in consumer prices. For the time being, at least, it can be concluded that the policy response in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is distinct from the approach taken during the global financial crisis, when a greater number of countries moved quickly to freeze nominal minimum wages.
- Blog7 Lipiec 2020
Minimum wages, one of the cornerstone issues for Ursula von der Leyen’s Commission, were a hot topic in the EU at the beginning of the year. Then the COVID-19 public health crisis struck. Now, with an economic crisis and recession looming, the question is not only what impact the crisis has had on minimum wage earners, but also what is the impact on the debate itself. How can the European Commission and Member States ensure minimum wages that are fair and provide a decent standard of living during and following a ‘black swan’ such as the Coronacrisis?
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- Preliminary framework for a Eurofound Collective Agreements Database on collectively bargained minimum pay ratesWorking paper30 Listopad 2022
- Besamusca, Janna; Guzi, Martin; Tijdens, Kea; Caminha Barros, Ludmila; Medas, Gabriele; Osse, Paulien; Szüdi, Gabor
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- Summary of national databases and archives for the Eurofound Collective Agreements DatabaseWorking paper30 Listopad 2022
- Medas, Gabriele; Szüdi, Gabor; Besamusca, Janna; Caminha Barros, Ludmila; Tijdens, Kea; Osse, Paulien
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- Minimum wage developments in the last decade, low-paid employees and minimum wage earnersWorking paper10 Czerwiec 2021