Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Kwiecień 1997

    In 10 sessions over the course of five months, the Metals, Mining and Energy
    Workers trade union (Gewerkschaft Metall-Bergbau-Energie, GMBE) and eight
    associations together comprising the metalworking sector within the
    Bundessektion Industrie of the Austrian Chamber of the Economy
    (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ) have thrashed out a collective
    agreement on working time flexibilisation covering 229,000 employees (162,000
    waged, 67,000 salaried) in industrial establishments. However, one of the
    eight associations - Fachverband der Metallwarenindustrie- has been blocking
    ratification of the deal since mid-March.

  • Article
    27 Kwiecień 1997

    At the end of March 1997, Ericsson Telecom (part of the Swedish Ericsson
    Group) workers in Norrköping learned that their employer had made a
    preliminary agreement with two US companies, SCI Systems and Solectron, to
    sell the production of printed circuit cards part of the business. The
    company wanted the sale to take place before the summer.

  • Article
    27 Kwiecień 1997

    Speaking at the Institute of European Affairs in Dublin, Padraig Flynn, the
    commissioner for employment, industrial relations and social affairs,
    outlined his priorities for the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) and
    provided the audience with an update of the continuing negotiations leading
    up the Amsterdam summit in June (EU9704117F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/progress-of-the-intergovernmental-conference

  • Article
    27 Kwiecień 1997

    Over the past few months, the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Antonio Fazio,
    and the Abi banking employers' association have urged the Government to start
    negotiations with employers' associations and trade unions in order to deal
    with the problems linked to the low profitability of the Italian banking
    sector. High labour costs and redundancy are the main themes of debate. On 8
    April 1997, a first meeting took place between an Abi delegation and a
    ministerial group, which represented the official opening of negotiations
    that will also involve the trade unions in the near future.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    In November 1996, the UK Government failed in its attempt to have the 1993
    Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of working time (93/104/EC)
    - which lays down specific requirements concerning weekly hours, holidays,
    shifts and other patterns of work - annulled by the ECJ. The DTI launched
    consultations with business organisations on implementation of the Directive
    in December 1996, and the process was completed in March 1997. The DTI is now
    analysing the responses, but is unlikely to produce the results until some
    time after the 1 May general election.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the European Commission launched the second stage of
    consultations with the social partners under the Maastricht Agreement on
    social policy on the proposal for an EU policy to counter sexual harassment
    at work. At this second stage, the social partners will be able to choose
    whether to go down the route of negotiation - leading to a framework
    agreement which can be given legal validity at the EU level. The alternative
    would be to submit their views in anticipation of a policy initiative
    emanating from the Commission.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    Following a strike call issued by French public service trade unions, a
    national day of action comprising strikes and demonstrations took place on 6
    March.

  • Article
    27 Marzec 1997

    Under the terms of the Works Constitution Act [1] (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz,
    §§ 111f), a procedure known as "reconcilement of interests [2]"
    (Interessenausgleich) aims at reconciling the positions of the employer and
    the workforce in case of a proposed substantial alteration of the
    establishment, or of bankruptcy. This involves weighing the respective
    interests against one another, as well as reaching an agreement on the
    procedure of change and the necessary human resource planning. Detailed
    arrangements for the subsequent implementation of the changes are then
    subject to the co-determination rights of the works council [3]. In cases
    where the employer makes no attempt to arrive at an agreed reconcilement of
    interests, or without compelling reasons fails to abide by one, employees who
    are dismissed or suffer economic disadvantage as a result may claim
    compensation for the loss of their job. A social plan [4] (Sozialplan) is a
    programme drawn up in the form of a special works agreement [5]
    (Betriebsvereinbarung) between the employer and the works council, and
    resembles a special form of redundancy programme. It contains the
    compensation packages and the human resource policies available to the
    employees affected by the changes. There is no obligation to draw up a social
    plan, provided that: the proposed alteration to the establishment consists
    solely of dismissals; certain maximum limits in terms of a percentage of the
    total workforce are not exceeded; or the case involves a newly formed
    enterprise.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/reconcilement-of-interests
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-rights-of-the-works-council
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/social-plan
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications